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The Digital Services Act and the Digital Markets Act - a forward-looking and consumer-centred perspective - Workshop Proceedings

24-06-2021

These proceedings summarise the presentations and discussions that took place during the IMCO online workshop held on 26 May 2021 on the Digital Services Act (DSA) and the Digital Markets Act (DMA). The workshop was structured in two panels, each consisting of three presentations and two Q&A sessions. The first panel focused on the DSA. The second panel was devoted to the DMA. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies for the committee ...

These proceedings summarise the presentations and discussions that took place during the IMCO online workshop held on 26 May 2021 on the Digital Services Act (DSA) and the Digital Markets Act (DMA). The workshop was structured in two panels, each consisting of three presentations and two Q&A sessions. The first panel focused on the DSA. The second panel was devoted to the DMA. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies for the committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).

Údar seachtarach

Lukas WIEWIORRA and Ilsa GODLOVITCH

Online advertising: the impact of targeted advertising on advertisers, market access and consumer choice

21-06-2021

In this research paper, we provide a comprehensive overview of online advertising markets and we analyse the challenges and opportunities concerning digital advertising. We review the degree to which existing and proposed legislation at EU level addresses the identified problems, and identify potential solutions, with reference to experience from EU Member States and third countries. We conclude with a synthesis and specific policy recommendations, drawing on stakeholder interviews. This document ...

In this research paper, we provide a comprehensive overview of online advertising markets and we analyse the challenges and opportunities concerning digital advertising. We review the degree to which existing and proposed legislation at EU level addresses the identified problems, and identify potential solutions, with reference to experience from EU Member States and third countries. We conclude with a synthesis and specific policy recommendations, drawing on stakeholder interviews. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies for the committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).

Údar seachtarach

Niklas FOURBERG, Serpil TAŞ, Lukas WIEWIORRA, Ilsa GODLOVITCH, Alexandre DE STREEL, Hervé JACQUEMIN, Jordan HILL, and Madalina NUNU

What if we chose new metaphors for artificial intelligence?

08-06-2021

Artificial intelligence (AI) policy debates are replete with metaphors. Even the term ‘AI’ relies upon a metaphor for the human quality of intelligence, and its development is regularly described as a ‘race’. While metaphors are useful in highlighting some features of their subject, they are so powerful that it can be difficult to imagine or discuss their subject in other terms. Here, we explore some challenges presented by the central metaphor of ‘intelligence’, examine how AI metaphors emphasise ...

Artificial intelligence (AI) policy debates are replete with metaphors. Even the term ‘AI’ relies upon a metaphor for the human quality of intelligence, and its development is regularly described as a ‘race’. While metaphors are useful in highlighting some features of their subject, they are so powerful that it can be difficult to imagine or discuss their subject in other terms. Here, we explore some challenges presented by the central metaphor of ‘intelligence’, examine how AI metaphors emphasise competition at the cost of cooperation, and ask whether new metaphors could help us to articulate ambitious visions for AI, and new criteria for success.

Establishing the instrument for financial support for customs control equipment

02-06-2021

During the June I 2021 plenary session, the European Parliament is scheduled to debate and vote at second reading the provisional agreement reached in interinstitutional negotiations on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the instrument for financial support for customs control equipment, as part of the Integrated Border Management Fund.

During the June I 2021 plenary session, the European Parliament is scheduled to debate and vote at second reading the provisional agreement reached in interinstitutional negotiations on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the instrument for financial support for customs control equipment, as part of the Integrated Border Management Fund.

What if objects around us flocked together and became intelligent?

01-06-2021

- Artificial Intelligence: the real driving force of IoT. - Artificial Intelligence of Things (AIoT) incorporates all the possibilities of AI and IoT, but also all ethical and legal concerns. - Potential advantages and possibilities for EU of Artificial Intelligence of Things.

- Artificial Intelligence: the real driving force of IoT. - Artificial Intelligence of Things (AIoT) incorporates all the possibilities of AI and IoT, but also all ethical and legal concerns. - Potential advantages and possibilities for EU of Artificial Intelligence of Things.

Vulnerable consumers

21-05-2021

Compared to the average consumer, who is considered to be able to make rational choices to find the best deals and benefit from competitive markets, vulnerable consumers are not considered to be able to do so for a variety of reasons. There are two main approaches to identifying vulnerable consumers. One emphasises those individual characteristics of the consumer that increase the (theoretical) risk of becoming vulnerable, such as low socio-economic status, low education level, not being able to ...

Compared to the average consumer, who is considered to be able to make rational choices to find the best deals and benefit from competitive markets, vulnerable consumers are not considered to be able to do so for a variety of reasons. There are two main approaches to identifying vulnerable consumers. One emphasises those individual characteristics of the consumer that increase the (theoretical) risk of becoming vulnerable, such as low socio-economic status, low education level, not being able to speak a particular language, or a minority status. The other suggests that all consumers can become vulnerable due to the interplay between their individual characteristics, the circumstances and the economic market. According to this view, consumers can move in and out of vulnerability, depending on their individual state. The European Commission's 2018 consumer survey found that 43 % of EU citizens believed themselves to be vulnerable as consumers. The image of vulnerable consumers in European Union (EU) law is narrower than that found in the academic literature. They are defined in the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive, which requires additional protection for consumers who are 'particularly vulnerable due to their mental or physical infirmity, age or credulity'. This definition has been subject to much criticism, as it does not take the different variables that can make consumers vulnerable into account. Provisions protecting vulnerable consumers can be found in other horizontal consumer legislation, as well as legislation on specific sectors, for instance in the field of energy, finance and food legislation. The development of e commerce and artificial intelligence have also been raising concerns about consumer vulnerability. For instance, the European consumer organisation BEUC is asking for a rethink of the concepts of 'average' and 'vulnerable' consumers, as some practices online, which combine collection of data with manipulating consumers, are making all consumers vulnerable and therefore require all consumers to be equally protected. The European Parliament has long advocated a wider concept in defining vulnerable consumers, and stronger protection for them, including in the energy, finance and digital sectors.

Research for ANIT Committee: Particular welfare needs in animal transport: unweaned animals and pregnant females

20-05-2021

This study provides a technical overview and policy recommendations of the welfare need during transport of unweaned animals and pregnant females. During long journeys unweaned calves may experience negative welfare consequences such as prolonged hunger and thirst, resting problems, thermal stress and diseases. Further research is needed to develop appropriate methods to determine the gestational age during late pregnancy when the date of insemination or matting is unavailable, as well as to establish ...

This study provides a technical overview and policy recommendations of the welfare need during transport of unweaned animals and pregnant females. During long journeys unweaned calves may experience negative welfare consequences such as prolonged hunger and thirst, resting problems, thermal stress and diseases. Further research is needed to develop appropriate methods to determine the gestational age during late pregnancy when the date of insemination or matting is unavailable, as well as to establish the gestational age at which females are at particular risk of suffering poor welfare during transport.

Údar seachtarach

1 Animal Welfare Program, Institute for Food and Agriculture Research and Technology (IRTA) Veïnat de Síes, 17121 Girona, Spain; 2Ruminant Production, Institute for Food and Agriculture Research and Technology (IRTA), Caldes de Montbui, 08140 Barcelona, Spain.

Research for ANIT Committee: Animal welfare on sea vessels and criteria for approval of livestock authorisation

20-05-2021

This research project was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Committee of Inquiry on the Protection of Animals during Transport (ANIT). The paper provides an analysis of the legal framework for the transport of animals on livestock vessels and related operations. Shortcomings of the system currently in place are identified, examples of good practices worldwide are described, and case studies are presented. Policy recommendations and short-term goals for the EU Commission and Members States ...

This research project was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Committee of Inquiry on the Protection of Animals during Transport (ANIT). The paper provides an analysis of the legal framework for the transport of animals on livestock vessels and related operations. Shortcomings of the system currently in place are identified, examples of good practices worldwide are described, and case studies are presented. Policy recommendations and short-term goals for the EU Commission and Members States are outlined.

Údar seachtarach

Main Authors: Maria BOADA – SAÑA, Katarzyna KULIKOWSKA Second Authors: Iris BAUMGÄRTNER, Magdalena ROMAŃSKA, Tea DRONIJC Contributors: Nina ENGWALD, Francesca PORTA, Gerit WEIDINGER Revisor: Xavier MANTECA

What if consumers could use devices to sequence DNA?

11-05-2021

Sequencing and analysis of the human genome – all the genetic information stored in our DNA – provide us with understanding about a person's ancestry, health and other traits. Thanks to DNA sequencing, medicine and the life sciences are able to predict and cure diseases. As DNA sequencing technologies continuously improve and become less costly, what if we all soon possessed our personal, smart DNA sequencers and apps to analyse our DNA?

Sequencing and analysis of the human genome – all the genetic information stored in our DNA – provide us with understanding about a person's ancestry, health and other traits. Thanks to DNA sequencing, medicine and the life sciences are able to predict and cure diseases. As DNA sequencing technologies continuously improve and become less costly, what if we all soon possessed our personal, smart DNA sequencers and apps to analyse our DNA?

The Role of AI in the European Green Deal

30-04-2021

AI can be deployed for a wide range of applications to promote the goals of the European Green Deal. However, adverse environmental impacts of AI could jeopardise the attainment of these goals. The report describes environmental potentials, clarifies characteristics and causes of environmental risks, and outlines initiatives and best practices for environmental policies. It illustrates the need for regulatory action to align design and deployment of AI with the goals of the European Green Deal and ...

AI can be deployed for a wide range of applications to promote the goals of the European Green Deal. However, adverse environmental impacts of AI could jeopardise the attainment of these goals. The report describes environmental potentials, clarifies characteristics and causes of environmental risks, and outlines initiatives and best practices for environmental policies. It illustrates the need for regulatory action to align design and deployment of AI with the goals of the European Green Deal and concludes with specific recommendations.

Údar seachtarach

Gailhofer/Herold/Schemmel/Scherf/Urrutia/Köhler/Braungardt

Imeachtaí atá ar na bacáin

28-06-2021
Child protection under EU law
Éisteacht -
JURI
01-07-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable:The post-pandemic EU political system [...]
Imeacht eile -
EPRS
01-07-2021
AIDA-ECON Public Hearing on AI and Financial Services
Éisteacht -
AIDA ECON

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