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This in-depth analysis provides evidence on differences in the practice of supervising large banks in the UK and in the euro area. It identifies the diverging institutional architecture (partially supranationalised vs. national oversight) as a pivotal determinant for a higher effectiveness of supervisory decision making in the UK. The ECB is likely to take a more stringent stance in prudential supervision than UK authorities. The setting of risk weights and the design of macroprudential stress test ...

Negative interest rate policies (NIRP) have become an established monetary policy instrument in the toolkit of the ECB. We discuss NIRP in the euro area based on theoretical considerations and available empirical evidence. We find that NIRP had some positive impact on loan growth and investment in the euro area, but that the room to further loosen monetary policy via NIRP may be small. NIRP is discussed also in the context of the general monetary policy environment. This paper was provided by ...

Policy rate cuts in negative territory have increased credit supply and improved the macroeconomic environment similar to cuts in positive territory. Dreaded disruptions to the monetary policy transmission channels as well as adverse side effects on bank profitability have so far largely failed to materialise. Thus, the evidence available today shows that the negative interest rate policy is an effective policy tool. However, systemic risks, including in the non-bank sector, should be closely monitored ...

Shadow banking is a form of bank-like intermediation where regulatory standards are looser than for regular banks. It includes money market funds and other funds using leverage, securities and derivatives dealers, securitisations, securities financing transactions and derivatives, as well as new players like digital lenders and stablecoins. We look at theoretical contributions and empirical data and suggest possible policy options. We recommend that rules be unambiguous and apply to all institutions ...

Robo-advisors

Studija 30-06-2021

This study analyses if and to what extent the current EU legal framework provides effective investor protection for customers of robo-advisors. It puts emphasis on structural conflicts of interests, the difficulties presented by the supervision of algorithms, and potential threats to the stability of the financial system. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON ...

This note is prepared in view of an ordinary public hearing with the Chair of the Single Resolution Board (SRB), Elke König, which will take place on 1 July 2021. The Chair will present the SRB’s annual report for 2020. This briefing addresses (i) the review of the crisis management framework, and in particular the SRB’s input to the Commission’s public consultation; (ii) MREL policy and statistics; (iii) liquidity in resolution; (iv) the relationship with the United Kingdom: contractual recognition ...

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), Christine Lagarde, which will take place on 1 July 2021. The aim of the meeting is to present the ESRB Annual Report and to discuss recent developments in macroprudential policy field, potential systemic risks looming ahead, notably the impact of the pandemic. The briefing takes stock of (i) the ESRB and national macroprudential authorities’ response to the pandemic outbreak; (ii ...

This paper shows that larger banks and better capitalised banks invest more in computer software. These findings could reflect that larger banks can attain greater benefits from computer software and that better capitalised banks have more resources to make larger software investments. All the same, smaller and less capitalised banks will also have to make substantial software investments to maintain sustainable businesses, something that supervisors will need to point that out to these banks.

The UK enters the post-Brexit period with a regulatory framework that is closely aligned with that of the UK, and stronger in some areas. This paper highlights that the changes in regulatory strategy and the institutional framework that have been announced by the UK will make its bank regulation more responsive, and greater use of proportionality the sector will become more competitive. Competition for EU banks in international markets will intensify, though not due to an erosion of regulatory standards ...

To cushion the economic fallout from the coronavirus pandemic, the European Commission has taken several measures, including in financial markets. One of these involves updating the EU regulatory framework with regard to on-balance-sheet synthetic securitisation and the securitisation of non-performing exposures (NPEs) to enhance the capacity of securitisation to contribute to the economic recovery of the EU. The European Parliament is expected to vote during the March II plenary session on the provisional ...