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The rise of online sales and marketplaces poses new challenges to product safety, consumer protection, and unfair business practices. At the same time, e-commerce has the potential to facilitate more sustainable production processes and consumption patterns and ensure more circularity. This study provides information on the role of e-commerce in implementing the European Green Deal and makes recommendations for future action. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific ...

Electronic signatures

Kratki prikaz 06-12-2022

Electronic signatures have been in use for a while, but it is not always obvious which specific type of signature is required for which process, and when they cannot be used. Neither is it clear whether electronic signatures protect users' interests as well as their handwritten equivalents. In its 2014 regulation on electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market, the EU offered some answers on electronic signatures' legal effect, but did not harmonise ...

Personalised pricing

Studija 29-11-2022

The study conceptualises personal pricing, distinguishing different forms including individual prices and group prices. It summarises empirical insights on the occurrence of personal pricing in practice and related consumer attitudes. In its legal part, it analyses whether and how current EU law deals with this phenomenon and identifies regulatory gaps and legal uncertainty, on the basis of which recommendations for future regulation of personalised pricing are presented. This document was provided ...

Digital services act

Briefing 17-11-2022

EU lawmakers have agreed on the digital services act (DSA), which aims to ensure fairness, trust and safety in the digital environment. The regulation entered into force in November 2022. The DSA puts in place a framework of layered responsibilities targeted at different types of online intermediary services, including network infrastructure services (e.g. cloud and webhosting), online platform services (e.g. app stores and social media platforms), and services provided by very large online platforms ...

Antimicrobial-resistant infections are predicted to become the second biggest cause of death worldwide by 2050. Despite increasing investment in the development of new antimicrobials, awareness campaigns on antimicrobial misuse and abuse, and monitoring of antimicrobial use and resistance in animals, humans and the environment, antimicrobial resistance continues to grow and the last three decades have not seen even one novel antimicrobial class reach the market. Could the answer lie in a 'Trojan ...

Making finance sound for young people

Kratki prikaz 20-10-2022

Young people need to be financially literate to access a wide range of financial services and manage their personal finances well. Financial inclusion – access to products delivered in a responsible way – is the way young people practise and develop their financial skills. Consumer protection in financial services should however reduce young people's exposure to risk. The EU is working in these areas, and national and local initiatives are multiplying, often in collaboration with the financial sector ...

This 'Implementation in Action' in-depth analysis provides input to the 'Implementation Report' of the European Parliament's Committee on Culture and Education (CULT) on Directive 2018/1808, the 2018 revised Audiovisual Media Services Directive, by taking stock of its transposition. It provides an overview of recent EU reports on the transposition and implementation of the Directive and focuses on specific articles in the Directive. The analysis covers transposition related to the protection of minors ...

The impact assessment (IA) accompanying the proposal on corporate sustainability due diligence received two negative opinions from the Commission's Regulatory Scrutiny Board. Additional evidence was provided in a follow-up document to the Board's second opinion, explaining how the IA's preferred options were revised in the proposal, but no change was made to the IA itself. The IA cannot therefore be read without this follow-up document. It also makes the analysis quite difficult to follow, as evidence ...

During its first plenary session in October, Parliament is expected to vote on the provisional agreement resulting from interinstitutional negotiations on the legislative proposal to amend the 2014 Radio Equipment Directive. The proposal is to introduce common chargers and charging ports – USB Type-C – for mobile phones and other small portable devices sold in the EU. The expectation is that this would benefit consumers and reduce electronic waste.

The way children use digital technologies has changed a lot over the past decade. Most children go online using a smartphone, and do so almost twice as much as 10 years ago. They also use the internet at an earlier age than did children 10 years ago. Although the internet provides many opportunities for kids to learn and explore, to be creative or to interact with their friends and family, it also entails many risks such as cyberbullying, age-inappropriate content, disinformation and sexual abuse ...