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Rail passengers' rights and obligations in the EU

27-05-2019

In 2007, the EU established a set of basic rights for rail passengers, which became applicable at the end of 2009. These rights provided for all passengers, including those with reduced mobility, a harmonised minimum level of protection, information and assistance. While the implementation of these rights has generally been smooth, recent reports have concluded that this is not done uniformly across the EU. Moreover, other shortcomings have prevented these rights from being used to their full potential ...

In 2007, the EU established a set of basic rights for rail passengers, which became applicable at the end of 2009. These rights provided for all passengers, including those with reduced mobility, a harmonised minimum level of protection, information and assistance. While the implementation of these rights has generally been smooth, recent reports have concluded that this is not done uniformly across the EU. Moreover, other shortcomings have prevented these rights from being used to their full potential. On 27 September 2017, the European Commission presented a new proposal to address these shortcomings and to strike a new balance between keeping rail operators competitive and providing adequate passenger protection. The EP's Committee on Transport and Tourism responsible for the file, adopted its report on 9 October 2018. The Parliament subsequently adopted its first-reading position by a large majority, in plenary on 15 November 2018. In Council, discussions have yet to reach a conclusion. Once the Council adopts its negotiating position, it will be possible to start trilogue negotiations in the new parliamentary term. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Rail passengers' rights and obligations

12-01-2018

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal, adopted on 27 September 2017 and referred to Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN). The proposal aims to amend Regulation (EC) No 1371/2007 in order to strengthen the rights for all EU rail passengers, and to reduce the 'burden on railway undertakings due to the inconsistent application of the regulation' (IA, p. 9). The ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal, adopted on 27 September 2017 and referred to Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN). The proposal aims to amend Regulation (EC) No 1371/2007 in order to strengthen the rights for all EU rail passengers, and to reduce the 'burden on railway undertakings due to the inconsistent application of the regulation' (IA, p. 9). The proposal follows a Commission report (COM(2013) 587 final) on the application of the regulation, which 'highlighted certain problematic areas', and a second Commission report (COM(2015) 117 final) on exemptions granted by Member States, which 'identified the extensive use of exemptions as a major hindrance to the uniform application of the regulation' (explanatory memorandum of the proposal, p. 2). In addition, the proposal follows the ruling of the Court of Justice of the EU of 26 September 2013 in Case C-509/11, which is linked to the 'force majeure' issue described in the following section. The European Parliament has regularly taken a stand on passenger rights, by submitting written questions or by adopting resolutions.

The Protection Role of the Committee on Petitions in the Context of the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

15-11-2017

This briefing note provides an update on developments in the implementation of the UNCRPD in the EU since the study "The Protection Role of the Committee on Petitions in the Context of the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities", requested by PETI in 2015 and updated in 2016. It reviews the recommendations of that study and identifies the key challenges regarding the European Parliament’s responsibilities in relation to the UN CRPD and other EU institutions ...

This briefing note provides an update on developments in the implementation of the UNCRPD in the EU since the study "The Protection Role of the Committee on Petitions in the Context of the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities", requested by PETI in 2015 and updated in 2016. It reviews the recommendations of that study and identifies the key challenges regarding the European Parliament’s responsibilities in relation to the UN CRPD and other EU institutions. There have been developments in legislation, increased visibility for disability issues in the open methods of co-ordination, and progress on disability data and indicators for rights monitoring. However, some long-standing blockages remain and few of the PETI study recommendations have been actioned.

Vanjski autor

Mark Priestley, Professor of Disability Policy, University of Leeds

European Accessibility Act

10-11-2017

To ensure the full participation of people with disabilities in society and to reduce the fragmentation of legislation governing access to products and services, the European Commission has adopted a proposal for a directive – often referred to as the European Accessibility Act. This proposal provides for a common EU definition of, and implementation framework for, accessibility requirements for certain products and services. It also aims to use the same accessibility requirements to provide a clear ...

To ensure the full participation of people with disabilities in society and to reduce the fragmentation of legislation governing access to products and services, the European Commission has adopted a proposal for a directive – often referred to as the European Accessibility Act. This proposal provides for a common EU definition of, and implementation framework for, accessibility requirements for certain products and services. It also aims to use the same accessibility requirements to provide a clear definition of the existing general accessibility obligation laid down in European law. Many stakeholders welcome the European Union’s wish to honour its responsibilities under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, but they have been divided on the means to reach this objective. In the European Parliament, the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) adopted its report on 25 April 2017. The report was then discussed in plenary on 15 September. The amended text was approved by 537 votes to 12, with 89 abstentions. At the same time, Parliament gave a mandate to start negotiations with Council. Although the Council has published three progress reports, in June and December 2016 and in June 2017, it has yet to agree on its position.

Inclusive education for learners with disabilities

15-09-2017

This study, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Petitions, has been prepared to examine the issue of inclusive education for learners with disabilities. It provides an overview of definitions for and background to inclusive education, and of the role of international organisations and the European Union in this issue. The study also looks into the situation of inclusive education in the EU Member States and the main ...

This study, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Petitions, has been prepared to examine the issue of inclusive education for learners with disabilities. It provides an overview of definitions for and background to inclusive education, and of the role of international organisations and the European Union in this issue. The study also looks into the situation of inclusive education in the EU Member States and the main perspectives for the future.

Vanjski autor

Victoria SORIANO, Amanda WATKINS, Serge EBERSOLD - European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education

The European Disability Strategy 2010-2020

10-07-2017

The European Disability Strategy 2010-2020 (EDS) constitutes a comprehensive multiannual framework for implementing the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) at EU level. The EDS and CRPD are thus closely intertwined. Whilst many stakeholders had called for a revision of the EDS, the recent European Commission progress report suggests instead to maintain the Strategy's objectives for the remaining period. However, given that the current Strategy ends in 2020, ...

The European Disability Strategy 2010-2020 (EDS) constitutes a comprehensive multiannual framework for implementing the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) at EU level. The EDS and CRPD are thus closely intertwined. Whilst many stakeholders had called for a revision of the EDS, the recent European Commission progress report suggests instead to maintain the Strategy's objectives for the remaining period. However, given that the current Strategy ends in 2020, preparation of the future disability framework will need to start before much longer. This briefing, prepared by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), aims to outline the scope and objectives of the EDS and to analyse its implementation. It has been drafted in support of the implementation report on the EDS, which is currently being drawn up by the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) in close consultation with disability organisations, in response to the Commission’s progress report.

European disability policy: From defining disability to adopting a strategy

12-06-2017

More than 70 million people in the EU, close to one in six, have a disability. Many of them encounter difficulties performing simple daily tasks, pursuing studies and getting a job. That is why, alongside and in support of Member State policies, the EU has committed to combating all forms of discrimination to which disabled people are particularly vulnerable.

More than 70 million people in the EU, close to one in six, have a disability. Many of them encounter difficulties performing simple daily tasks, pursuing studies and getting a job. That is why, alongside and in support of Member State policies, the EU has committed to combating all forms of discrimination to which disabled people are particularly vulnerable.

Cohesion policy and disability

06-03-2017

People with disabilities are among the most vulnerable in society. While disability policy is primarily a Member State competence, the EU is committed to improving the living conditions of all people with disabilities and, in particular, to addressing the issue of institutionalised care. Cohesion policy can play a key role in this process. The cohesion policy framework sets out 11 thematic objectives closely aligned to the goals of the Europe 2020 strategy, including promoting social inclusion, combating ...

People with disabilities are among the most vulnerable in society. While disability policy is primarily a Member State competence, the EU is committed to improving the living conditions of all people with disabilities and, in particular, to addressing the issue of institutionalised care. Cohesion policy can play a key role in this process. The cohesion policy framework sets out 11 thematic objectives closely aligned to the goals of the Europe 2020 strategy, including promoting social inclusion, combating poverty and any discrimination; this objective allows Member States to focus structural funds (ESIF) specifically on delivering support for people with disabilities. A new emphasis on partnerships involving disability organisations in ESIF programming as well as measures to prevent discrimination and ensure accessibility for people with disabilities through the use of special pre-conditions, ex ante conditionalities, aim to ensure that the views of disabled people are taken into account and their fundamental rights respected. Yet while operational programmes contain a broad range of measures to support people with disabilities, with the European Commission also reporting that Member States have respected the partnership principle during ESIF programming and fulfilled many of the ex ante conditionalities in place, the view of stakeholders has been more mixed. Pointing to issues such as excessive reporting requirements or a low level of knowledge among beneficiaries, they also have reservations about the quality of the participation of disability organisations in ESIF decision-making, raising questions as to the likely impact of the planned measures. Looking to the future, stakeholders emphasise the need to ensure the participation of disability organisations in all ESIF decision-making, and stress the importance of funding, potentially difficult in the context of increasing pressures on the EU budget.

The Protection Role of the Committee on Petitions in the Context of the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities - Update 2016

03-11-2016

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee. It explains the context of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD) with reference to the PETI Committee’s role in the EU Framework for its implementation. It considers the petitions received on disability issues and developments in the CRPD protection mechanisms implemented at level of the UN, the EU and the ...

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee. It explains the context of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD) with reference to the PETI Committee’s role in the EU Framework for its implementation. It considers the petitions received on disability issues and developments in the CRPD protection mechanisms implemented at level of the UN, the EU and the Member States. Recommendations are made to assist the EP in deliberating on disability issues in its protection role.

Vanjski autor

Mark PRIESTLEY (University of Leeds), Meredith RALEY (National University of Ireland Galway) and Gauthier de BECO (University of Leeds)

European Structural and Investment Funds and People with Disabilities in the European Union

03-11-2016

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI committee, concerns the situation of people with disabilities in the European Union (EU) and how EU funds (‘European Structural and Investment Funds’) can support the reforms needed to replace the outdated systems of institutional care with community-based and inclusive services. It also highlights areas that must be addressed to avoid the mistakes of ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI committee, concerns the situation of people with disabilities in the European Union (EU) and how EU funds (‘European Structural and Investment Funds’) can support the reforms needed to replace the outdated systems of institutional care with community-based and inclusive services. It also highlights areas that must be addressed to avoid the mistakes of the past, in particular the use of EU funds to maintain institutional care, and ensure that instead they are used to promote community living.

Vanjski autor

Camilla PARKER and Ines BULIC COJOCARIU (European Network on Independent Living)

Buduća događanja

01-10-2019
Health threats from climate change: Scientific evidence for policy-making
Drugo događanje -
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