14

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Područje politike
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Ključna riječ
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Russia's domestic energy policy

01-02-2016

Russia's domestic energy mix is essentially fossil fuels with some nuclear power, a situation which is unlikely to change in the foreseeable future. Except for large-scale hydroelectricity, renewable energies are still in their infancy. Energy efficiency is very poor and only slowly improving.

Russia's domestic energy mix is essentially fossil fuels with some nuclear power, a situation which is unlikely to change in the foreseeable future. Except for large-scale hydroelectricity, renewable energies are still in their infancy. Energy efficiency is very poor and only slowly improving.

Nigeria: Economic situation

28-01-2016

After years of sustained growth, Nigeria is now Africa's biggest economy. However, with oil and gas as the main source of foreign exchange and federal government revenue, it is suffering from the fall in oil prices. Nigeria is yet to transform into a diversified and competitive modern economy. This publication updates an EPRS note of May 2015, PE 556.984.

After years of sustained growth, Nigeria is now Africa's biggest economy. However, with oil and gas as the main source of foreign exchange and federal government revenue, it is suffering from the fall in oil prices. Nigeria is yet to transform into a diversified and competitive modern economy. This publication updates an EPRS note of May 2015, PE 556.984.

Yemen: on the brink of socio-economic collapse

13-04-2015

The volatile security situation in Yemen is closely linked to living conditions in the country. Yemen remains one of the poorest countries in the world – with high rates of unemployment, illiteracy and an absence of basic services. The transition process launched in the aftermath of the Arab Spring has failed to deliver the results expected, instead strengthening the perception of inequalities and government inefficiency. Fixing Yemen's economy and broken society is a key condition for any workable ...

The volatile security situation in Yemen is closely linked to living conditions in the country. Yemen remains one of the poorest countries in the world – with high rates of unemployment, illiteracy and an absence of basic services. The transition process launched in the aftermath of the Arab Spring has failed to deliver the results expected, instead strengthening the perception of inequalities and government inefficiency. Fixing Yemen's economy and broken society is a key condition for any workable political solution.

TTIP Impacts on European Energy Markets and Manufacturing Industries

12-01-2015

This study, provided by the Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy Committee (ITRE), aims to assess whether and to which extent European energy markets and manufacturing industries would be affected by the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). Although the negotiations are currenly on-going, the analysis shows that the TTIP will improve the EU’s security of energy supply through adding liquidity and competition to the natural gas market. The TTIP ...

This study, provided by the Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy Committee (ITRE), aims to assess whether and to which extent European energy markets and manufacturing industries would be affected by the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). Although the negotiations are currenly on-going, the analysis shows that the TTIP will improve the EU’s security of energy supply through adding liquidity and competition to the natural gas market. The TTIP will not directly lower either environmental or social legislation, but the study recommends the ITRE Committee to be aware of the potential for weakening of legislation implementation such as REACH and FQD.

Vanjski autor

Koen RADEMAEKERS, Stephan SLINGERLAND, Albert BRESSAND, Gabriel FELBERMAYR and Karl TÖRNMARCK (Triple E Consulting)

Indigenous Peoples, Extractive Industries and Human Rights

18-09-2014

The present study examines the human rights impacts of the extractive industries on indigenous peoples worldwide. It finds that there continue to be significant human rights risks associated with mining, oil and gas extraction falling disproportionately on indigenous peoples. It argues that the growing demand for non-renewable resources and the need to explore and exploit resources in ever more invasive ways suggest that such activities are likely to impinge even more on the lands of indigenous communities ...

The present study examines the human rights impacts of the extractive industries on indigenous peoples worldwide. It finds that there continue to be significant human rights risks associated with mining, oil and gas extraction falling disproportionately on indigenous peoples. It argues that the growing demand for non-renewable resources and the need to explore and exploit resources in ever more invasive ways suggest that such activities are likely to impinge even more on the lands of indigenous communities living in countries with important resource reserves. The paper acknowledges the major efforts being made by industry associations to address these issues through voluntary guidelines but finds that, notwithstanding, conflicts and violence persist and that further measures are required to protect the rights and interests of indigenous peoples. The universal acceptance of the 2007 Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples provides impetus to renewed efforts to ensure implementation of the provisions in practice. The paper concludes by recommending, among other things, that the European Union as one of the regions championing the Declaration at the United Nations take the initiative to develop a region-wide framework for extractive industries that sanction companies and provide legal redress in cases where the human rights of indigenous peoples are violated.

Vanjski autor

Julian BURGER (University of Essex, United Kingdom)

Will Development in East Africa be Fossil-Fuelled?

02-07-2014

East Africa is at a critical turning point in its development trajectory. The discovery of substantial reserves of crude oil (in Kenya and Uganda) and natural gas (in Mozambique and Tanzania) may bring billions of dollars in new revenues to the region. East African countries are currently drafting and implementing legislation, policies and infrastructure in this sector and should begin reaping the benefits of commercial production in the next four to ten years. Yet the experience of other resource-rich ...

East Africa is at a critical turning point in its development trajectory. The discovery of substantial reserves of crude oil (in Kenya and Uganda) and natural gas (in Mozambique and Tanzania) may bring billions of dollars in new revenues to the region. East African countries are currently drafting and implementing legislation, policies and infrastructure in this sector and should begin reaping the benefits of commercial production in the next four to ten years. Yet the experience of other resource-rich countries demonstrates that, without the appropriate safeguards, East Africa may miss the opportunity to use these revenues to promote inclusive growth. Countries in the region risk exacerbating inequality while encouraging corruption and other social and environmental problems. This question has importance well beyond the region's borders. The global energy landscape is rapidly changing, and East Africa's reserves will spur international companies to compete for their share of the profits. As a major trade partner and donor, the European Union should use its position to ensure that extractive industries' activities are transparent and that countries strengthen their institutions and adopt pro-poor economic measures. Although the EU's role in the region is being eroded by emerging actors, the Union still enjoys important leverage, which could be used to help East Africa's transform its abundant natural resources into equitable growth and sustainable development.

Unconventional gas and oil in North America

25-06-2014

Over the past decade, the United States and Canada have experienced spectacular growth in the production of unconventional fossil fuels, notably shale gas and tight oil, thanks to technological innovations such as horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing (fracking).

Over the past decade, the United States and Canada have experienced spectacular growth in the production of unconventional fossil fuels, notably shale gas and tight oil, thanks to technological innovations such as horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing (fracking).

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative: state of play

24-06-2014

In 2003, the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) was launched as a voluntary multi-stakeholder initiative for the extractive industries, bringing together governments, industry and civil society. Its main objective has been to create a global transparency standard which allows light to be shed on all payments made by extractive-industry companies to governments of resource-rich developing countries, and to cross-check all revenues received by these governments from the industry.

In 2003, the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) was launched as a voluntary multi-stakeholder initiative for the extractive industries, bringing together governments, industry and civil society. Its main objective has been to create a global transparency standard which allows light to be shed on all payments made by extractive-industry companies to governments of resource-rich developing countries, and to cross-check all revenues received by these governments from the industry.

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Monday Effect – Fuel Price Manipulation"

15-01-2014

Significant price changes on certain days in a week or periods of the year indicate that fuel price movements do not exclusively depend on supply and demand. A number of Member States, for instance Germany, The United Kingdom and Spain have already started to investigate the issue; instruments to enhance price transparency have been established in some of them. The European Commission has launched enquiries. Fuel prices must now be reported to the European Commission. Recently the OECD also published ...

Significant price changes on certain days in a week or periods of the year indicate that fuel price movements do not exclusively depend on supply and demand. A number of Member States, for instance Germany, The United Kingdom and Spain have already started to investigate the issue; instruments to enhance price transparency have been established in some of them. The European Commission has launched enquiries. Fuel prices must now be reported to the European Commission. Recently the OECD also published a report on the matter. The aim of the workshop is to have a look into the development of fuel prices in the EU. The results of the discussion will feed into the deliberations on competition policy in the ECON committee.

Vanjski autor

Sean ENNIS (OECD, Paris, France), Milagros AVEDILLO CARRETERO (Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia, Madrid, Spain), Marta GARCÍA ÁLVAREZ (Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia, Madrid, Spain), Sandro GLEAVE (Bundeskartellamt, Bonn, Germany), Frode STEEN (Norwegian School of Economics, Bergen, Norway), Jordi RIPOLLÉS PIQUERAS (Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain) and Jürgen ALBRECHT (Allgemeiner Deutscher Automobil Club e.V. - ADAC, Munich, Germany) , Authors: Lewis CROFTS (MLex, Brussels, Belgium - for the summary of the workshop discussion) and Robert-Jan JARVIS (background, under the supervision of Doris KOLASSA and Stephanie HONNEFELDER)

Kazakhstan's Regime Grows Impervious as it Jails Vladimir Kozlov

17-10-2012

The strike of oil workers in western Kazakhstan had continued for six months before being violently put down by authorities. At least 17 demonstrators were killed in the clashes. Charged with attempting to overthrow the government, Vladimir Kozlov was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison and his property was confiscated. Several international NGOs observed violations of due process in his trial. Governments and nongovernmental organisations have expressed reservations about Kozlov's prosecution ...

The strike of oil workers in western Kazakhstan had continued for six months before being violently put down by authorities. At least 17 demonstrators were killed in the clashes. Charged with attempting to overthrow the government, Vladimir Kozlov was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison and his property was confiscated. Several international NGOs observed violations of due process in his trial. Governments and nongovernmental organisations have expressed reservations about Kozlov's prosecution and verdict. Their criticism has been refuted by the Kazakh authorities. Kozlov's trial points to a growing unease among Kazakh authorities regarding the opposition. Political opposition members face increasing repression, although strong international pressure has sometimes worked to release prominent individuals.

Buduća događanja

20-01-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable with the World Bank: Where next for the global economy
Drugo događanje -
EPRS
25-01-2021
Public Hearing on "Gender aspects of precarious work"
Saslušanje -
FEMM
26-01-2021
Public hearing on Co-management of EU fisheries at local level
Saslušanje -
PECH

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