17

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Područje politike
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What if technologies replaced humans in elderly care?

08-10-2019

Europeans are ageing. In 2016, there were 3.3 people of working-age for each citizen over 65 years. By 2070, this will fall to only two. As the population lives longer, our care needs grow, but fewer people will be available to deliver them. Could assistive technologies (ATs) help us to meet the challenges of elderly care?

Europeans are ageing. In 2016, there were 3.3 people of working-age for each citizen over 65 years. By 2070, this will fall to only two. As the population lives longer, our care needs grow, but fewer people will be available to deliver them. Could assistive technologies (ATs) help us to meet the challenges of elderly care?

Poverty, gender and life cycle: Portraits of poverty in the European Union

30-11-2017

Nearly a quarter of the population in the European Union (23.8 %) were at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2015. Living conditions, the degree of insecurity and the routes into and out of poverty vary according to age and gender, as well as varying over the course of a lifetime. Children are the most affected population in Europe today, while young people aged between 18 and 24 now represent 10% of those at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU. There is little difference between the ...

Nearly a quarter of the population in the European Union (23.8 %) were at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2015. Living conditions, the degree of insecurity and the routes into and out of poverty vary according to age and gender, as well as varying over the course of a lifetime. Children are the most affected population in Europe today, while young people aged between 18 and 24 now represent 10% of those at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU. There is little difference between the sexes at this age, but it is a key difference among older people. The mid-life period is characterised by substantial variations based on gender, family circumstances and/or professional status. Women, single-parent families, large families or low-income workers are, at this point in their lives, more at risk of poverty or social exclusion. Lastly, older people are now simultaneously the least affected by poverty on average, and also among the most vulnerable, in the case of women.

European Civil Law Rules in Robotics

12-10-2016

The European Parliament’s Legal Affairs Committee commissioned this study to evaluate and analyse, from a legal and ethical perspective, a number of future European civil law rules in robotics.

The European Parliament’s Legal Affairs Committee commissioned this study to evaluate and analyse, from a legal and ethical perspective, a number of future European civil law rules in robotics.

Vanjski autor

Nathalie NEVEJANS

Elderly people and poverty: Current levels and changes since the crisis

06-07-2016

Measuring poverty is complex and a number of indicators are now used to try to give a comprehensive picture. A composite measure – 'at risk of poverty or social exclusion' (AROPE) – is used today to measure progress on the Europe 2020 anti-poverty target. In general, poverty for those aged 65 or older (65+) in the European Union significantly reduced between 2007 and 2014, in contrast to increases in poverty for people aged under 65. Those aged 65+ now have a significantly lower rate of being AROPE ...

Measuring poverty is complex and a number of indicators are now used to try to give a comprehensive picture. A composite measure – 'at risk of poverty or social exclusion' (AROPE) – is used today to measure progress on the Europe 2020 anti-poverty target. In general, poverty for those aged 65 or older (65+) in the European Union significantly reduced between 2007 and 2014, in contrast to increases in poverty for people aged under 65. Those aged 65+ now have a significantly lower rate of being AROPE than younger people (17.8% vs. 25.9% for the EU-28 in 2014). The same applies when looking only at rates of 'severe material deprivation' (a component of the AROPE measure, but one not affected by changes to incomes of people under 65). This shows improvements for those aged 65+ and worsening for under-65 year olds. Those aged 65+ are less at risk of severe material deprivation than younger people (6.2% vs 9.5%, EU-28, 2014). These broad results mask differences between individual Member States, with varying age 65+ poverty levels and improvements seen. Some saw age 65+ poverty increase according to at least one indicator, but increases were generally small, from a low base and not associated with countries particularly hard hit by the crisis. Women aged 65+ have consistently higher AROPE rates (and other poverty indicators) then men across the Member States, though the gap has narrowed somewhat. Women's 65+ AROPE rates reflect their: lower pay and shorter and more interrupted working lives leading to lower pensions (38% lower on average in the European Union according to the Commission's 2015 Pension Adequacy Report); longer lives (and retirements); and increased likelihood of being in a single-person household. People aged 75+ also have higher AROPE rates than those aged 65-74, though the gap has narrowed since 2007.

Bridging the digital divide in the EU

10-12-2015

Digital technologies play an important role in the everyday life of most Europeans; the internet allows people, businesses and governments to transform the ways they communicate and engage with one another. Yet some parts of the population are still excluded from using these new methods. Improving the EU fast broadband internet infrastructure is as important as upgrading the digital skills of citizens: 10% increase in broadband penetration may raise gross domestic product (GDP) by 1-1.5%, and by ...

Digital technologies play an important role in the everyday life of most Europeans; the internet allows people, businesses and governments to transform the ways they communicate and engage with one another. Yet some parts of the population are still excluded from using these new methods. Improving the EU fast broadband internet infrastructure is as important as upgrading the digital skills of citizens: 10% increase in broadband penetration may raise gross domestic product (GDP) by 1-1.5%, and by 2020, 90% of jobs will require some digital skills. The digital divide has been substantially reduced over the last decade in Europe, but the gap remains far from closed: according to the 2015 European Commission's Digital Agenda Scoreboard, two related targets have already been met (all EU households can access basic broadband and 75% of all Europeans are regular internet users). However, there is a danger that targets related to fast and ultra-fast speed broadband will be missed, especially in rural areas. Furthermore, important challenges on internet use remain, as about half of the less-educated and the elderly in the population do not use it regularly, and about 58 million EU citizens (aged 16-74 years old) have never used it at all. The digital divide also varies across Member States. The European Commission is working to improve the situation under the Digital Agenda for Europe and the Digital Single Market (DSM) strategy. Among the main EU support actions in place are proposals for legislation, different broadband funding mechanisms and support for multi-stakeholder partnerships and research projects to improve digital inclusion and assistive technologies.

Research for TRAN Committee - The Impact of Higher or Lower Weight and Volume of Cars on Road Safety, Particularly for Vulnerable Users

16-11-2015

The study provides an in-depth analysis of necessary technological changes, in order to improve the impact of higher or lower weight and volume of cars on road safety, particularly for, but not limited to vulnerable users. The analysis found that there are many vehicle based safety technologies that offer promise and further work should be undertaken to assess if future European type-approval regulation would be appropriate and proportional. Recommendations of technologies to consider are given.

The study provides an in-depth analysis of necessary technological changes, in order to improve the impact of higher or lower weight and volume of cars on road safety, particularly for, but not limited to vulnerable users. The analysis found that there are many vehicle based safety technologies that offer promise and further work should be undertaken to assess if future European type-approval regulation would be appropriate and proportional. Recommendations of technologies to consider are given.

Vanjski autor

Richard Cuerden, Mervyn Edwards and Matthias Seidl

European Union pension systems: Adequate and sustainable?

11-11-2015

One in four European Union (EU) citizens currently depend on their pension income. Younger citizens will one day benefit from pensions too. And they also have an immediate interest, as the taxes and social security contributions working age people pay help support current pensioners. However, pensions are one of the biggest public expenditure items in the EU and as the EU population ages due to lower birth rates and increasing longevity, pension systems have come under increasing pressure. Since ...

One in four European Union (EU) citizens currently depend on their pension income. Younger citizens will one day benefit from pensions too. And they also have an immediate interest, as the taxes and social security contributions working age people pay help support current pensioners. However, pensions are one of the biggest public expenditure items in the EU and as the EU population ages due to lower birth rates and increasing longevity, pension systems have come under increasing pressure. Since its inception in 2011, the European Semester process has resulted in a pension related Country Specific Recommendation (CSR) for a majority of Member States every year. And the 2015 Ageing Report shows there has been good progress in making pension systems more sustainable. Overall EU spending on public pensions as a percentage of GDP is now expected to be similar in 2060 to today’s level, despite demographic ageing. But pensions also need to be adequate and the recently published 2015 Pension Adequacy Report (PAR) gives a comprehensive picture of this both now and in the future. Whilst acceptable levels of adequacy have largely been maintained for current pensioners, this is not the case everywhere or for all groups (e.g. women are at greater risk of inadequate retirement income). And as the impact of pension reforms feeds through, there are some challenges to be faced if the growing numbers of future EU pensioners are to avoid poverty or large falls in their income on retirement.

The silver economy: Opportunities from ageing

15-07-2015

The 'silver economy' covers a host of different but interlinked strands; together these can improve the quality of life and inclusion in society and involvement in economic activity of the ageing population through developing innovative policies, products and services to meet their needs, bringing more growth and jobs. The concept has been emerging over the years, and recently gathered momentum with the European Commission's first paper on the topic. The population in the EU is ageing due to increasing ...

The 'silver economy' covers a host of different but interlinked strands; together these can improve the quality of life and inclusion in society and involvement in economic activity of the ageing population through developing innovative policies, products and services to meet their needs, bringing more growth and jobs. The concept has been emerging over the years, and recently gathered momentum with the European Commission's first paper on the topic. The population in the EU is ageing due to increasing longevity and low birth rates. The Commission's 2015 Ageing Report forecasts that the EU will move from having four working-age (15-64) people for every person aged over 65 years in 2013, to just two by 2060. Whilst population ageing brings challenges, it also presents opportunities. Euromonitor forecasts that the global spending power of those aged 60+ will reach US$15 trillion by 2020. Annual age related government expenditure on older people (currently nearly 20% of GDP in the EU) is forecast to rise by 1.8 percentage points by 2060. The silver economy concept seeks to look holistically at ageing and the opportunities it presents, bearing on the future direction of a broad range of polices such as those on the built environment, 50+ employment, life-long learning and preventative healthcare. Moreover, it seeks to embrace new technologies (e.g. health monitoring, smart homes, driverless vehicles, and care robots) and use them to lower the costs of ageing and improve the lives of older citizens whilst simultaneously helping to boost the economy.

Elderly Women Living Alone: An Update of Their Living Conditions

11-06-2015

Upon request by the FEMM Committee, this study presents recent changes in the living conditions of elderly women living alone with a focus on the effects of recent pension reforms and active ageing policies. The study is largely based on a literature review and a desk analysis of the micro-data and information available at the European level, as well as a qualitative analysis of good practices in active ageing introduced in recent years in six countries selected as representative of European welfare ...

Upon request by the FEMM Committee, this study presents recent changes in the living conditions of elderly women living alone with a focus on the effects of recent pension reforms and active ageing policies. The study is largely based on a literature review and a desk analysis of the micro-data and information available at the European level, as well as a qualitative analysis of good practices in active ageing introduced in recent years in six countries selected as representative of European welfare systems.

Vanjski autor

Manuela Samek Lodovici, Monica Patrizio, Flavia Pesce and Enrico Roletto

Socijalna uključenost u javnom prijevozu EU-a

16-03-2015

U ovom se izvješću opisuje povezanost prijevoza i socijalne uključenosti u skladu s najnovijom literaturom te se dokazuje da određenim skupinama stanovništva prijeti veći rizik od socijalne isključenosti te isključenosti iz prijevoza. U njemu se također navode primjeri dobre prakse u poboljšanju pristupačnosti javnog prijevoza najranjivijim korisnicima kako bi se došlo do pokazatelja za poboljšanje uloge EU-a u omogućavanju uvođenja pitanja socijalne uključenosti u politike javnog prijevoza.

U ovom se izvješću opisuje povezanost prijevoza i socijalne uključenosti u skladu s najnovijom literaturom te se dokazuje da određenim skupinama stanovništva prijeti veći rizik od socijalne isključenosti te isključenosti iz prijevoza. U njemu se također navode primjeri dobre prakse u poboljšanju pristupačnosti javnog prijevoza najranjivijim korisnicima kako bi se došlo do pokazatelja za poboljšanje uloge EU-a u omogućavanju uvođenja pitanja socijalne uključenosti u politike javnog prijevoza.

Vanjski autor

Manuela Samek Lodovici and Nicoletta Torchio

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