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The Roma are Europe's largest ethnic minority. Out of an estimated total of 10 to12 million Roma in Europe, some 6 million live in the European Union (EU), most of whom are citizens of an EU Member State. A significant number of Roma people live in very poor socio-economic conditions. The social exclusion, discrimination and segregation they face are mutually reinforcing. Their restricted access to education, and difficulties in entering the labour market, result in low income and poor health compared ...

Racial and ethnic minorities face discrimination and its consequences on a daily basis. The exact scale of the problem is hard to gauge owing to a lack of data and general under-reporting of racist incidents. The pandemic has seen a major increase in reports of racist and xenophobic incidents, however, while racial and ethnic minority groups have been disproportionately affected by the crisis, with higher death and infection rates. Although since 2000 the European Union (EU) has introduced legislation ...

This study forms part of a larger comparative law project which seeks to study the way that the principles of equality and non-discrimination have developed and are demonstrated in a broad range of legal systems around the world. The subject of this study is the principles of equality and non-discrimination in the United States federal legal system. It provides a brief history of the evolution of the principles of equality and non-discrimination developed in United States federal law and major events ...

International Roma Day

Rövid áttekintés 28-03-2017

Since 1990, 8 April has been marked every year as International Roma Day, providing an opportunity both to discuss the situation of Roma, and to celebrate Romani culture.

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Petitions (PETI), focuses on several issues stemming from a sample of forty petitions received. Whilst all petitions are related to anti-discrimination law, they are quite heterogeneous in terms of the respondent entity, the grounds of discrimination and the legal sources invoked. Recommendations are made to assist the PETI Committee and the EP ...

The collaborative economy (or “platform economy”), encompassing work-on-demand via apps like Uber and crowdwork like Amazon Mechanical Turk, has grown exponentially in recent years, thanks to the development of high-speed networks, the exploitation of big data and the availability of mobile devices, which have cut down transaction costs and allow for real-time effective matching of supply and demand. While creating many new opportunities for digital and physical services, which have, thanks to lower ...

EYE 2016 – Integration of young migrants

Rövid áttekintés 28-04-2016

It is difficult to fit all young migrants into a single category and not all immigrants gain the same level of acceptance. Yet non-discrimination is a fundamental value in the European Union, and binding legislation is complemented by EU-level frameworks and funds to support action to promote integration in the Member States. Research reveals that young migrants face many obstacles in education, but policy changes and projects can help overcome them. This note has been prepared for the European Youth ...

Upon request by the LIBE Committee, this study focuses on the question of how to best prevent youth radicalisation in the EU. It evaluates counter-radicalisation policies, both in terms of their efficiency and their broader social and political impact. Building on a conception of radicalisation as a process of escalation, it highlights the need to take into account the relation between individuals, groups and state responses. In this light, it forefronts some of the shortcomings of current policies ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on ‘Discrimination in Healthcare’ held at the European Parliament in Brussels on Wednesday, 22 January 2014. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the challenges faced by discriminated groups in the sector of healthcare, and the solutions taken by the EU and its Member States. The workshop was hosted by MEP Glenis WILLMOTT (S&D, UK) and MEP Alojz PETERLE (EPP, SL), Co-chairs of the Health Working Group within the European Parliament ...

The right to equality of treatment is a universal right recognised by a number of international human-rights agreements, including the European Convention on Human Rights. In addition to the rights provided by the ECHR, discrimination against EU citizens is also prohibited by various provisions of EU equality law. This area has grown considerably over the past 50 years. The Treaty of Rome offered protection only on grounds of nationality and gender, but the scope of EU equality legislation grew significantly ...