10

eredmény(ek)

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Szakpolitikai terület
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The role of the European Council in internal security policy

11-10-2018

Due to the various terrorist attacks across the EU in recent years, internal security and the fight against terrorism have become major concerns for EU citizens as well as for the EU Heads of State or Government. The European Council has a significant Treaty-based role to play in the area of justice and home affairs, including on policy issues such as the fight against terrorism and organised crime, police cooperation and cybersecurity, often subsumed under the concept ‘internal security’. In recent ...

Due to the various terrorist attacks across the EU in recent years, internal security and the fight against terrorism have become major concerns for EU citizens as well as for the EU Heads of State or Government. The European Council has a significant Treaty-based role to play in the area of justice and home affairs, including on policy issues such as the fight against terrorism and organised crime, police cooperation and cybersecurity, often subsumed under the concept ‘internal security’. In recent years it has carried out this strategic role on various occasions but sometimes in a more reactive way often in the aftermath of major terrorist attacks. The paper also shows that while the policy fields of internal security and migration were usually clearly separated in European Council discussions, the two areas are now increasingly linked, in particular by the subject of external EU border protection. The Salzburg summit of 20 September 2018 is an example for this and also illustrates a recent trend of EU Presidencies to bring together EU Heads of State or Government in their country to discuss policy topics at the top of their own agendas.

Countering hybrid threats: EU-NATO cooperation

02-03-2017

The concept of hybrid threat has gained traction in relation to Russia’s actions in Ukraine and the ISIL/Da’esh campaigns going far beyond Syria and Iraq. Faced with this constantly evolving challenge, the European Union and NATO have taken several steps to strengthen their respective capabilities and pursue common objectives through closer cooperation. The EU-NATO joint declaration adopted in July 2016 in the margins of the Warsaw NATO Summit represents a clear step forward in this regard. The document ...

The concept of hybrid threat has gained traction in relation to Russia’s actions in Ukraine and the ISIL/Da’esh campaigns going far beyond Syria and Iraq. Faced with this constantly evolving challenge, the European Union and NATO have taken several steps to strengthen their respective capabilities and pursue common objectives through closer cooperation. The EU-NATO joint declaration adopted in July 2016 in the margins of the Warsaw NATO Summit represents a clear step forward in this regard. The document outlines new areas for practical cooperation, in particular with regard to hybrid threats, building resilience in cybersecurity, and strategic communications. The Council conclusions of 6 December 2016 stressed that the implementation of the joint declaration is a key political priority for the EU. It welcomed the progress achieved in advancing EU-NATO relations, including implementing and operationalising parallel procedures and playbooks for interaction in countering hybrid threats. With a view to ensuring further progress, the Council endorsed a common set of proposals focused on better coordination, situational awareness, strategic communication, crisis response, and bolstering resilience. The North Atlantic Council endorsed the same set of measures. Reports on implementation, including possible suggestions for future cooperation, should be provided on a biannual basis from the end of June 2017. This is an updated edition of an At a Glance note published in June 2015.

Developments in international climate policy

01-07-2015

UN climate talks in Bonn made only slow progress in negotiations towards a new international climate agreement, although a deal was reached to protect forests with a view to mitigating climate change. More than 40 countries have submitted pledges for post-2020 climate action. Meanwhile, the G7 called for global decarbonisation within this century, the International Energy Agency (IEA) found that global energy-related emissions could peak by 2020, Pope Francis issued an encyclical addressing climate ...

UN climate talks in Bonn made only slow progress in negotiations towards a new international climate agreement, although a deal was reached to protect forests with a view to mitigating climate change. More than 40 countries have submitted pledges for post-2020 climate action. Meanwhile, the G7 called for global decarbonisation within this century, the International Energy Agency (IEA) found that global energy-related emissions could peak by 2020, Pope Francis issued an encyclical addressing climate issues, and medical experts highlighted the health benefits of climate action. The EU and China agreed to step up their cooperation on climate issues. The European Parliament's Environment Committee has been discussing an own-initiative report on the climate negotiations.

Towards a Post-Hyogo Framework for Action: Strengthening Disaster Resilience for Sustainable Development

05-03-2015

Proceedings of the workshop on "Towards a post-Hyogo Framework for Action: Strengthening disaster resilience for sustainable development", held on 20 January 2015 in Brussels.

Proceedings of the workshop on "Towards a post-Hyogo Framework for Action: Strengthening disaster resilience for sustainable development", held on 20 January 2015 in Brussels.

Külső szerző

Paola ALBRITO, Claus SØRENSEN, Dr. Bernard MANYENA, Emily WILKINSON, Tom de GROEVE and Mette LINDAHL-OLSSON

CBRN terrorism: threats and the EU response

16-01-2015

Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) terrorism is a form of terrorism involving the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Following 11th September 2001, the interna¬tional community came to believe there was a high probability that terrorists would make use of such weapons. The growing number of people familiar with CBRN warfare techniques and the spread of scientific knowledge, coupled with poor security of relevant facilities, could facilitate terrorists in getting hold ...

Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) terrorism is a form of terrorism involving the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Following 11th September 2001, the interna¬tional community came to believe there was a high probability that terrorists would make use of such weapons. The growing number of people familiar with CBRN warfare techniques and the spread of scientific knowledge, coupled with poor security of relevant facilities, could facilitate terrorists in getting hold of CBRN weapons. Terrorist groups have already shown interest in acquiring them. However, so far, there have been very few successful CBRN attacks and the number of casualties remains relatively low. This is partly due to the fact that obtaining or creating WMD is challenging, while conventional weapons can be more easily acquired. The international community has reacted to CBRN threats through a series of instruments, most of them under the aegis of the UN. The EU has also been gradually building its counter-terrorism capacity. The 2010 CBRN Action Plan – the core element of the Commission's new policy package – has been extensively commented on by the European Parliament.

The future of the European Union Solidarity Fund

10-01-2013

Over 11 years, the EU Solidarity Fund has helped countries hit by major natural disasters. But its functioning has shown room for some improvement. Parliament will discuss possible adjustments for the future of the Fund.

Over 11 years, the EU Solidarity Fund has helped countries hit by major natural disasters. But its functioning has shown room for some improvement. Parliament will discuss possible adjustments for the future of the Fund.

Proceedings of the Workshop on "The Union Civil Protection Mechanism"

05-12-2012

In the context of the ongoing legislative report on the Union Civil Protection Mechanism (2011/0461 (COD)), the European Parliament organised a workshop to discuss the Commission’s legislative proposal putting special emphasis on prevention, preparedness and response, and the available technology and services in the event of a crisis.

In the context of the ongoing legislative report on the Union Civil Protection Mechanism (2011/0461 (COD)), the European Parliament organised a workshop to discuss the Commission’s legislative proposal putting special emphasis on prevention, preparedness and response, and the available technology and services in the event of a crisis.

Külső szerző

Kristalina Georgieva (Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response) , Hans Das (DG ECHO, European Commission) , Alessandro Annunziato (Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, IPSC-JRC) , Koen Rademaekers (Triple E Consulting) , Peter Tallantire (UK Civil Contingencies Secretariat) , Luigi D’Angelo (Italian Civil Protection Department) , Peter Billing (DG ECHO, European Commission) , Paola Albrito (UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, UNISDR) , Chris McLaughlin (European Satellite Operator’s Association)

European Union Solidarity Fund

15-11-2012

In cases of major natural disasters, the European Union Solidarity Fund can finance part of the emergency operations. The Parliament and the Council are now deciding on aid of €670 million for the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna, hit by two severe earthquakes in May this year. A debate on the future of the Fund is also ongoing.

In cases of major natural disasters, the European Union Solidarity Fund can finance part of the emergency operations. The Parliament and the Council are now deciding on aid of €670 million for the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna, hit by two severe earthquakes in May this year. A debate on the future of the Fund is also ongoing.

Workshop on Seveso III Directive : Control of Major-Accident Hazards Involving Dangerous Substances - Brussels, 13 April 2011

16-05-2011

These proceedings summarise the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on the proposed Seveso III Directive, held on 13 April 2011. The aim of the workshop was to allow an exchange of views between the European Commission, MEPs and stakeholders. Topics for discussion included the impacts on the scope resulting from the alignment with the CLP Regulation, informational requirements and proposed obligatory inspection intervals. The workshop was chaired by MEP János Áder, rapporteur for the Seveso ...

These proceedings summarise the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on the proposed Seveso III Directive, held on 13 April 2011. The aim of the workshop was to allow an exchange of views between the European Commission, MEPs and stakeholders. Topics for discussion included the impacts on the scope resulting from the alignment with the CLP Regulation, informational requirements and proposed obligatory inspection intervals. The workshop was chaired by MEP János Áder, rapporteur for the Seveso III Directive.

Külső szerző

Verena Stingl (Umweltbundesamt GmbH, Wien, Austria)

CBRN terrorism : threats and the EU response

07-02-2011

Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) terrorism is a form of terrorism involving the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Following 11th September 2001, the international community came to believe there was a high probability that terrorists would make use of such weapons. The growing number of people familiar with CBRN warfare techniques and the spread of scientific knowledge, coupled with poor security of relevant facilities, could facilitate terrorists in getting hold of CBRN ...

Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) terrorism is a form of terrorism involving the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Following 11th September 2001, the international community came to believe there was a high probability that terrorists would make use of such weapons. The growing number of people familiar with CBRN warfare techniques and the spread of scientific knowledge, coupled with poor security of relevant facilities, could facilitate terrorists in getting hold of CBRN weapons.

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