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The New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa

16-11-2015

The New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa (NAFSN) launched in May 2012 under the auspices of the G8 aims to create the conditions that will allow the African countries concerned to improve agricultural productivity and develop their agrifood sector by attracting more private investment in agriculture. The participating countries (Burkina Faso, Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal and Tanzania) adopted 'country cooperation frameworks' (CCFs) ...

The New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa (NAFSN) launched in May 2012 under the auspices of the G8 aims to create the conditions that will allow the African countries concerned to improve agricultural productivity and develop their agrifood sector by attracting more private investment in agriculture. The participating countries (Burkina Faso, Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal and Tanzania) adopted 'country cooperation frameworks' (CCFs) listing their policy commitments, and companies provided 'Letters of Intent' identifying intended investments. While the general objective of the NAFSN is sound, certain deficiencies remain: the CCFs are silent on the need to shift to sustainable modes of agricultural production and to support farmers' seed systems, on the dangers associated with the emergence of a market for land rights, or on the regulation of contract farming; and they are weak on nutrition as well as on the recognition of women's rights and gender empowerment.

Külső szerző

Olivier DE SCHUTTER (University of Louvain - UCL, Centre for Philosophy of Law - CPDR, Institute for Interdisciplinary Research in Legal Sciences - JUR-I, Belgium)

Research on: Regulating Agricultural Derivatives Markets

15-11-2013

After years of financial deregulation, the agricultural commodity price shocks of 2007/2008 and 2010/2011 acted as a catalyst for governments to strengthen the regulation of derivatives markets. It is increasingly recognised, at national and international levels, that financial players influence the volatility of commodity prices on exchanges and in spot markets. Reforms of the legal framework of futures markets are being carried out to: - Provide additional transparency requirements in agriculture ...

After years of financial deregulation, the agricultural commodity price shocks of 2007/2008 and 2010/2011 acted as a catalyst for governments to strengthen the regulation of derivatives markets. It is increasingly recognised, at national and international levels, that financial players influence the volatility of commodity prices on exchanges and in spot markets. Reforms of the legal framework of futures markets are being carried out to: - Provide additional transparency requirements in agriculture derivatives market - Guarantee broad market information on the physical (spot) markets - Impose position limits on several agricultural commodities - Reinforce regulators' powers

G20 Talks: Latest Developments on Food Security

15-07-2013

Around 1 billion people suffer from chronic undernourishment. Food security is a complex phenomenon, and the main priority is contributing to understanding which environmental and specific factors could affect the state of food security and the exposure to price shock in the international food market. The role played by Global Actors (e.g. G8 and G20) is crucial. After briefly outlining the food security global governance system, mentioning the recent initiatives within and outside the G20 framework ...

Around 1 billion people suffer from chronic undernourishment. Food security is a complex phenomenon, and the main priority is contributing to understanding which environmental and specific factors could affect the state of food security and the exposure to price shock in the international food market. The role played by Global Actors (e.g. G8 and G20) is crucial. After briefly outlining the food security global governance system, mentioning the recent initiatives within and outside the G20 framework, we assess the concrete results achieved to improve food security.

Külső szerző

Fabian Capitanio (University of Naples Federico II, Italy)

Proceedings of the Workshop "Sustainable Biofuels: Addressing Indirect Land Use Change"

15-02-2013

Further to the publication of a new legislative proposal addressing the emissions from indirect land-use change (ILUC) and amending the Directives on Fuel Quality (Directive 98/70/EC) and Renewable Energy (Directive 2009/28/EC) by the European Commission in October 2012, the Coordinators of the ENVI Committee requested the organisation of a workshop on this issue. The workshop consisted of an exchange of views with representatives of EU institutions, research institutes, biofuels industry, NGOs and ...

Further to the publication of a new legislative proposal addressing the emissions from indirect land-use change (ILUC) and amending the Directives on Fuel Quality (Directive 98/70/EC) and Renewable Energy (Directive 2009/28/EC) by the European Commission in October 2012, the Coordinators of the ENVI Committee requested the organisation of a workshop on this issue. The workshop consisted of an exchange of views with representatives of EU institutions, research institutes, biofuels industry, NGOs and other stakeholders. The first part was aimed at presenting the European Commission's proposal and providing scientific input on the assessment of the impacts of ILUC. The second part introduced policy options on the table and future perspectives from the point of view of industry and NGOs. The workshop was co-chaired by MEPs Corinne Lepage (ENVI rapporteur) and Alejo Vidal-Quadras (ITRE rapporteur). EU Climate Commissioner Connie Hedegaard held the keynote speech. This report summarises the presentations, discussions and conclusions.

Külső szerző

ICEDD (Institut de Conseil et d'Etudes en Développement Durable) Maria José LOPEZ, Yves MARENNE, Marco ORSINI

Research on: biofuels

15-01-2013

In the past decade, the demand for biofuels has steadily increased, at a global level and in the EU. The main biofuels currently on the market are “first-generation biofuels”, i.e. derived from agricultural feedstocks. The most widely used biofuels are by far biodiesel and bioethanol. Biodiesel is produced from vegetable oils (such as rapeseed, sunflower seed and soybean oils) or animal fats. Bioethanol is obtained through the fermentation of sugars into alcohol, using for example sugar beet, maize ...

In the past decade, the demand for biofuels has steadily increased, at a global level and in the EU. The main biofuels currently on the market are “first-generation biofuels”, i.e. derived from agricultural feedstocks. The most widely used biofuels are by far biodiesel and bioethanol. Biodiesel is produced from vegetable oils (such as rapeseed, sunflower seed and soybean oils) or animal fats. Bioethanol is obtained through the fermentation of sugars into alcohol, using for example sugar beet, maize or wheat. The so-called “second-generation biofuels” (i.e. originating from the processing of ligno-cellulosic feedstock such as straw and forest residues) are not yet well developed.

Food supply chain

13-01-2012

Recent shifts in prices have focused policy attention on the food supply chain: the path food takes from producers to consumers.

Recent shifts in prices have focused policy attention on the food supply chain: the path food takes from producers to consumers.

Production and Use of Biofuels in Developing Countries

04-05-2009

Executive summary This brief examines some of the key issues surrounding biofuels and developing countries and makes recommendations for European Union policy to prevent or limit damage from biofuel development, and to take advantage of opportunities. [...]

Executive summary This brief examines some of the key issues surrounding biofuels and developing countries and makes recommendations for European Union policy to prevent or limit damage from biofuel development, and to take advantage of opportunities. [...]

Külső szerző

Steve Wiggins and Chris Stevens (Overseas Development Institute) ; Ruth Nussbaum and Kate Bottriell (ProForest)

A KAP a gazdasági és pénzügyi válsággal szemben

16-03-2009

Bevezetés Az amerikai ingatlanbuborék 2007-ben és 2008-ban történt kipukkadása egy rendkívül mély és globális pénzügyi válság kezdetét jelezte, amely világgazdasági recesszióba torkollott. Jelenleg annyit már megállapíthatunk, hogy a nemzetközi makrogazdasági környezet ilyen mértékű és időtartamú romlására 1929 óta nem volt példa. Így a jelenlegi gazdasági és pénzügyi válság a Közös Agrárpolitika (KAP) több paraméterét is megrendíti: - Először is figyelembe kell venni, hogy a recesszió kihat a mezőgazdasági ...

Bevezetés Az amerikai ingatlanbuborék 2007-ben és 2008-ban történt kipukkadása egy rendkívül mély és globális pénzügyi válság kezdetét jelezte, amely világgazdasági recesszióba torkollott. Jelenleg annyit már megállapíthatunk, hogy a nemzetközi makrogazdasági környezet ilyen mértékű és időtartamú romlására 1929 óta nem volt példa. Így a jelenlegi gazdasági és pénzügyi válság a Közös Agrárpolitika (KAP) több paraméterét is megrendíti: - Először is figyelembe kell venni, hogy a recesszió kihat a mezőgazdasági nyersanyagok piacainak alakulására, és különösen a globális élelmiszerkeresletre. E tekintetben már megállapítható, hogy a válság kipukkasztotta a 2006–2008-as időszakban tapasztalt nyersanyagbuborékot, és a mezőgazdasági és élelmiszeripari termékek nemzetközi árai mára a 2006 előtti szintekre estek vissza. - A válság a vertikumokra, valamint a mezőgazdasági jövedelmek és termelési költségek alakulására is hatást gyakorol, ami felértékeli a KAP támogatásainak stabilizáló szerepét. - Végül fennáll a pénzügyekre, így a közösségi költségvetésre (a saját források és kiadások szintjén) és a nemzeti költségvetésekre gyakorolt (aszimmetrikus, de globális) hatás; megeshet, hogy e hatás következtében felül kell vizsgálni az érvényben lévő többéves pénzügyi tervet (2007-2013), illetve nagyban befolyásolhatja az Unió következő pénzügyi keretére vonatkozó tárgyalást. Mivel a KAP nagy súllyal nehezedik a közösségi költségvetésre, arra lehet számítani, hogy ez jelentős hatással lesz a jövőben a mezőgazdaságra előirányzott kiadások mértékére; ráadásul az államadósság növekedése, valamint a gazdasági és bankválság leküzdése érdekében nemzeti szinten már vállalt kiadási kötelezettségvállalások gyengítik az államok társfinanszírozási képességét.

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