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Collective intelligence at EU level: Social and democratic dimensions

31-03-2020

Humans are among the many living species capable of collaborative and imaginative thinking. While it is widely agreed among scholars that this capacity has contributed to making humans the dominant species, other crucial questions remain open to debate. Is it possible to encourage large groups of people to engage in collective thinking? Is it possible to coordinate citizens to find solutions to address global challenges? Some scholars claim that large groups of independent, motivated, and well-informed ...

Humans are among the many living species capable of collaborative and imaginative thinking. While it is widely agreed among scholars that this capacity has contributed to making humans the dominant species, other crucial questions remain open to debate. Is it possible to encourage large groups of people to engage in collective thinking? Is it possible to coordinate citizens to find solutions to address global challenges? Some scholars claim that large groups of independent, motivated, and well-informed people can, collectively, make better decisions than isolated individuals can – what is known as 'collective intelligence.' The social dimension of collective intelligence mainly relates to social aspects of the economy and of innovation. It shows that a holistic approach to innovation – one that includes not only technological but also social aspects – can greatly contribute to the EU's goal of promoting a just transition for everyone to a sustainable and green economy in the digital age. The EU has been taking concrete action to promote social innovation by supporting the development of its theory and practice. Mainly through funding programmes, it helps to seek new types of partners and build new capacity – and thus shape the future of local and national innovations aimed at societal needs. The democratic dimension suggests that the power of the collective can be leveraged so as to improve public decision-making systems. Supported by technology, policy-makers can harness the 'civic surplus' of citizens – thus providing smarter solutions to regulatory challenges. This is particularly relevant at EU level in view of the planned Conference on the Future of Europe, aimed at engaging communities at large and making EU decision-making more inclusive and participatory. The current coronavirus crisis is likely to change society and our economy in ways as yet too early to predict, but recovery after the crisis will require new ways of thinking and acting to overcome common challenges, and thus making use of our collective intelligence should be more urgent than ever. In the longer term, in order to mobilise collective intelligence across the EU and to fully exploit its innovative potential, the EU needs to strengthen its education policies and promote a shared understanding of a holistic approach to innovation and of collective intelligence – and thus become a 'global brain,' with a solid institutional set-up at the centre of a subsidised experimentation process that meets the challenges imposed by modern-day transformations.

A kis- és középvállalkozások

01-09-2017

Az EU vállalatait 99%-ban a mikro-, valamint a kis- és középvállalkozások (kkv-k) alkotják. Ezek biztosítják a magánszektorbeli munkahelyek kétharmadát, az Unióban létrehozott hozzáadott értékhez pedig annak több mint felével járulnak hozzá. A kkv-k támogatása céljából különféle cselekvési programok jöttek létre, ilyen például a kisvállalkozói intézkedéscsomag, a Horizont 2020 és a COSME program. Ezek célja, hogy a kutatás és az innováció révén fokozódjon a kkv-k versenyképessége, és könnyebbé váljon ...

Az EU vállalatait 99%-ban a mikro-, valamint a kis- és középvállalkozások (kkv-k) alkotják. Ezek biztosítják a magánszektorbeli munkahelyek kétharmadát, az Unióban létrehozott hozzáadott értékhez pedig annak több mint felével járulnak hozzá. A kkv-k támogatása céljából különféle cselekvési programok jöttek létre, ilyen például a kisvállalkozói intézkedéscsomag, a Horizont 2020 és a COSME program. Ezek célja, hogy a kutatás és az innováció révén fokozódjon a kkv-k versenyképessége, és könnyebbé váljon számukra a finanszírozáshoz való hozzáférés.

Kutatási és technológiafejlesztési politika

01-09-2017

Az európai kutatási és technológiafejlesztési (KTF) politika az első közösségi szerződések óta fontos helyet foglal el az európai jogalkotásban, és a ’80-as évek elején az európai kutatási keretprogram révén még jobban kiterjesztették. 2014 óta az uniós kutatási finanszírozást nagyrészt a „Horizont 2020”, a 2014–2020 közötti időszakot lefedő 8. uniós kutatási és innovációs keretprogram alá csoportosították, amely Európa globális versenyképességét hivatott biztosítani.

Az európai kutatási és technológiafejlesztési (KTF) politika az első közösségi szerződések óta fontos helyet foglal el az európai jogalkotásban, és a ’80-as évek elején az európai kutatási keretprogram révén még jobban kiterjesztették. 2014 óta az uniós kutatási finanszírozást nagyrészt a „Horizont 2020”, a 2014–2020 közötti időszakot lefedő 8. uniós kutatási és innovációs keretprogram alá csoportosították, amely Európa globális versenyképességét hivatott biztosítani.

The European Cloud initiative

07-02-2017

The economic prospects of cloud computing and the data-driven economy are very promising. However, fragmentation, differences in data policies, scarce incentives, interoperability problems and lack of high-capacity data infrastructure, among other challenges, are slowing down its development in Europe. A European Parliament own-initiative report reflecting on the European Commission's European Cloud initiative is on the agenda of the February II plenary session.

The economic prospects of cloud computing and the data-driven economy are very promising. However, fragmentation, differences in data policies, scarce incentives, interoperability problems and lack of high-capacity data infrastructure, among other challenges, are slowing down its development in Europe. A European Parliament own-initiative report reflecting on the European Commission's European Cloud initiative is on the agenda of the February II plenary session.

Tourism and the sharing economy

23-01-2017

Tourism services have traditionally been provided by businesses such as hotels, taxis or tour operators. Recently, a growing number of individuals are proposing to share temporarily with tourists what they own (for example their house or car) or what they do (for example meals or excursions). This type of sharing is referred to as the 'sharing economy'. It is not limited to tourism and can be found in many areas of social and economic activity, although tourism has been one of the sectors most impacted ...

Tourism services have traditionally been provided by businesses such as hotels, taxis or tour operators. Recently, a growing number of individuals are proposing to share temporarily with tourists what they own (for example their house or car) or what they do (for example meals or excursions). This type of sharing is referred to as the 'sharing economy'. It is not limited to tourism and can be found in many areas of social and economic activity, although tourism has been one of the sectors most impacted. Sharing goods and services between individuals is nothing new in itself. However, the development of the internet and, as a consequence, the creation of online platforms have made sharing easier than ever. In the past decade, many companies managing such platforms have emerged on the market. A well-known example is a platform on which people can book accommodation (Airbnb). The sharing economy has had a positive impact on tourism as well as a negative one. Its advocates think that it provides easy access to a wide range of services that are often of higher quality and more affordable than those provided by traditional business counterparts. Critics, on the other hand, claim that the sharing economy provides unfair competition, reduces job security, avoids taxes and poses a threat to safety, health and disability compliance standards. The response to the sharing economy remains fragmented in the EU. Some activities or aspects have been regulated at national, regional or local level. In June 2016, the European Commission published a communication on a European agenda for the collaborative economy, to offer some clarification on relevant EU rules and provide public authorities with policy guidance. The European Parliament and advisory committees have also touched upon the issue in various resolutions and opinions. This is an updated edition of a briefing from September 2015.

Economic impact of Big Data

28-09-2016

An EP resolution of 10 March 2016 quotes the benefits of a data driven economy and its expected impact on GDP growth and on job creation according to different worldwide studies. While the volume and the variety of big data is increasing exponentially, its value for the European economy has been highlighted by the creation of the Big Data Public and Private Partnership, which was set up to support both technical and non-technical priority areas in the value chain. A number of indicators covering ...

An EP resolution of 10 March 2016 quotes the benefits of a data driven economy and its expected impact on GDP growth and on job creation according to different worldwide studies. While the volume and the variety of big data is increasing exponentially, its value for the European