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The second Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID II) and the Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation (MiFIR) are the principal texts regulating investment services and activities in the EU. Following an extensive consultation and in light of the recent developments in the context of the coronavirus pandemic, the European Commission proposed the establishment of an EU-wide consolidated tape for shares, bonds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and derivatives, as well as making targeted ...

Two European Union (EU) directives regulate the EU collective investment funds industry, the Directive relating to undertakings for collective investment in transferable securities (UCITS) and the Alternative Investment Funds Manager Directive (AIFMD). The UCITS, which covers mutual funds, lays down uniform rules, allowing their cross-border offer, while the AIFMD, which covers hedge funds and private equity, lays down the rules for authorising, supervising and overseeing the managers of such funds ...

The Covid-19 pandemic was a severe blow to EU Member States. Thanks to rapid and resolute responses at Member State and EU level, the economic impact of the pandemic was less severe than initially forecast and – at least until early 2022 – the economy seemed on the way to recovery. New challenges, both external (such as Russia’s war on Ukraine) and internal (such as inflation) could jeopardise this, however. In its Spring 2022 Economic Forecasts, the European Commission has revised the EU’s growth ...

European long-term investment funds (ELTIFs) invest on a long-term basis in infrastructure projects, real estate and SMEs, among others. While the legislative framework – the ELTIF Regulation – for these funds was adopted six years ago, their market remains small. For this reason, the Commission has proposed amending the ELTIF Regulation to make it more appealing to investors. The key mulled changes involve differentiating between ELTIFs marketed to professional investors and those to which retail ...

Offering an overview of the economic and budgetary situation in the EU and beyond, and summarising the main economic indicators in the EU and euro area and their two-year trends, this study is the sixth in an annual series of 'Outlooks' produced by the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS). In seven chapters, the authors of the publication explain and analyse the EU annual budget and give an overview of its headings for 2022, all within the wider budgetary context of the EU’s post-2020 Multiannual ...

In absolute figures, Cyprus's National Recovery and Resilience Plan amounts to €1.2 billion. Cyprus decided to use its allocation under the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) predominantly in grants (€1.005 billion), with €200.3 million in loans. These resources represent around 0.2 % of the entire RRF, but are equal to 5.2 % of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019 (the RRF being 5.2 % of EU-27 GDP in 2019). They will underpin a vast programme of reforms and investments that aims ...

Payment systems are of vital importance for today's economies and are the core activity of central banks. To adapt to recent trends – including the decline in cash usage, the surge in online commerce and contactless forms of payment, and the creation of cryptocurrencies – central banks have, in recent years, explored the possibility of issuing digital currencies themselves. Proponents of central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) note that, among other things, they can: alleviate the problem of concentration ...

In just over a decade, the payment industry has seen the launch of cryptocurrencies and their explosive growth, driven by progress in digital technology applications. However, owing to a range of factors, not least their significant volatility, cryptocurrencies have not been adopted on a massive scale, but instead are used largely for speculative purposes. Both national authorities and the private sector have attempted to tackle volatility. The private sector's answer was stablecoins, that is, cryptocurrencies ...

Assicurazione dei veicoli a motore

In sintesi 13-10-2021

Nel 2018 la Commissione ha proposto di modificare la direttiva sull'assicurazione degli autoveicoli, un importante strumento legislativo a sostegno del funzionamento del mercato unico. La proposta della Commissione è incentrata su quattro ambiti: insolvenza dell'assicuratore, sinistralità passata, rischi dovuti a conducenti non assicurati e importi minimi di copertura. A seguito dell'accordo raggiunto con il Consiglio in sede di trilogo, il Parlamento dovrebbe discutere e votare il testo di compromesso ...

Consumer Credit Directive

Briefing 05-10-2021

Consumer credit is a type of loan allowing consumers to purchase consumer goods and services for which they do not have the funds. It is regulated at national and EU level. The Consumer Credit Directive (CCD), in force since 2008, is the relevant EU-level legislation. The CCD has undergone several revisions over the past decade, yet growing digitalisation, insufficient harmonisation and issues affecting consumer protection, among other things, have prompted the Commission to publish a proposal for ...