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This paper documents the relevance of Institutional Protection Schemes (IPSs) in the European banking market, and it discusses some drawbacks of the current practice of recognizing some IPSs as a deposit guarantee scheme as well as possible options for regulatory reform.

This study develops on the status quo in relation to the assessment of resolvability of credit institutions and banking groups in the Banking Union and the removal of substantive impediments to their resolvability under the EU legal framework governing banking resolution, as in force, taking due account of the policies developed in that respect by the Single Resolution Board within the Single Resolution Mechanism.

The European banking system has weathered the pandemic reasonably well with the help of government intervention and economic support. Going forward, the EU should ensure the financial sector remains resilient by implementing the Basel III capital requirements in full, monitoring effects of the digital transition, and continuing to hold banks to high standards.

All jurisdictions tailor their prudential policies to bank size, with generally more complex – though not necessarily more stringent – requirements for larger banks. This paper compares such policies in the euro area and United States, in the context of the differences in banking system structures and legal frameworks. There are vastly more stand-alone smaller banks and credit unions in the US than in the euro area. The US approach to prudential requirements is generally more differentiated by bank ...

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB), Andrea Enria, which will take place on 14 October 2021. The briefing addresses: 1) Emerging risks in the banking group, as presented to the Eurogroup, 2) results of EBA’s and ECB’s 2021 stress test exercises, 3) the Basel Committee report on early lessons from the Covid-19 pandemic on the Basel reforms, 4) the ECB report on sanctioning activities, 5) the ECB Supervisory ...

The original full study presents data from 27 banking groups in 10 EU Member States, where it is found that banks have used COVID-19 relief measures extensively, with some cross-country differences as for the intensity of use. Flexibility in risk classification does not seem to have impaired banks’ ability to report and recognise risk properly, even for loans under moratoria. The findings suggest that the impact of the measures on banks’ credit supply has been overall positive and mainly driven ...

The idea of financial dominance has gained some notoriety in recent years as a further constraint on central bank policymaking. This paper examines the reality of financial dominance and how the financial sector may be an impediment to the necessary unwinding of all unconventional monetary policies in Europe. In line with the existing literature, I conclude that the financial sector has been made more vulnerable as a result of quantitative easing – and allowing the financial tail to wag the monetary ...

Financial Dominance: Not an Immediate Danger

Analisi approfondita 13-09-2021

Financial dominance describes a situation in which a central bank does not dare to tighten its policy stance as this would threaten the stability of the financial system. The danger of this happening is limited at present. The banking system is well capitalised. Private credit has not expanded much, not even during the COVID-19 recession in most euro area countries – except in France. However, in some countries, the financial sector remains highly exposed to sovereign debt. "Indirect financial dominance ...

As the COVID-19 pandemic hits all Member States severely, some initial signs are surfacing of what is likely to be a substantial increase in bank non-performing loans (NPLs) in the coming months. Strengthening the tools needed to face the problems caused by NPLs is therefore of foremost importance. This paper argues that asset management companies (AMCs) can be an effective tool in this direction. It further discusses the legal issues related to their implementation, presenting several examples from ...

This document presents summaries of seven external papers commissioned by the European Parliament in November 2020 upon request of the Economic and Monetary Committee (ECON). Papers were delivered, analysed and published in March 2021. ECON has requested its Banking Expert Panel to address the topic of “Non-performing Loans – New Risks and Policies”.