6

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Parole chiave
Data

European Research Area

18-05-2016

This Cost of Non-Europe study examines the state of implementation of the current policy framework for the establishment of a European Research Area (ERA). The study combines a backward-looking (ex-post) and a forward-looking (ex-ante) evaluation. While the ex-post evaluation looks at the implementation of the ERA policy framework, the ex-ante assessment focuses on potential costs and benefits of possible further policy action. In doing so, it identifies shortcomings in the ERA policy framework and ...

This Cost of Non-Europe study examines the state of implementation of the current policy framework for the establishment of a European Research Area (ERA). The study combines a backward-looking (ex-post) and a forward-looking (ex-ante) evaluation. While the ex-post evaluation looks at the implementation of the ERA policy framework, the ex-ante assessment focuses on potential costs and benefits of possible further policy action. In doing so, it identifies shortcomings in the ERA policy framework and outlines costs due to the lack of further action on the issue. The study makes a cautious estimate that the costs linked with implementation shortcomings of the ERA policy framework could amount to €3 billion per year.  

Criminalità organizzata e corruzione: Relazione sul costo della non Europa

10-03-2016

Il presente studio dimostra la necessità di combattere congiuntamente la criminalità organizzata e la corruzione in quanto fenomeni che si rafforzano reciprocamente. I gruppi della criminalità organizzata cercano di regolamentare e controllare la produzione e la distribuzione di un dato bene o servizio in modo illecito. Così facendo, mirano a ottenere uno "strappo alla regola" a loro favore corrompendo i funzionari. La corruzione indebolisce lo Stato di diritto, offrendo di conseguenza alla criminalità ...

Il presente studio dimostra la necessità di combattere congiuntamente la criminalità organizzata e la corruzione in quanto fenomeni che si rafforzano reciprocamente. I gruppi della criminalità organizzata cercano di regolamentare e controllare la produzione e la distribuzione di un dato bene o servizio in modo illecito. Così facendo, mirano a ottenere uno "strappo alla regola" a loro favore corrompendo i funzionari. La corruzione indebolisce lo Stato di diritto, offrendo di conseguenza alla criminalità organizzata maggiori opportunità per espandere il proprio controllo sull'economia legale e sulla politica o persino per assumere incarichi di governo nelle regioni e nei comuni. Data la natura illecita di tali fenomeni e la necessità di interpretare i dati disponibili in materia di giustizia penale in un contesto più ampio, l'impatto della criminalità organizzata e della corruzione è difficile da misurare. In tali circostanze non è facile valutare con un ragionevole grado di sicurezza il costo generale della non Europa nel settore. Il presente studio illustra tuttavia alcuni scenari che evidenziano il costo della corruzione per l'economia europea. Lo scenario più plausibile evidenzia una perdita economica in termini di PIL compresa tra i 218 e 282 miliardi di euro l'anno. Lo studio si basa anche sulle attuali stime concernenti la dimensione dei mercati illegali, per un valore che si potrebbe aggirare intorno ai 110 miliardi di euro, ed evidenzia gli ingenti costi sociali e politici della criminalità organizzata e della corruzione. Lo studio cerca di stabilire quali siano i potenziali vantaggi che si otterrebbero colmando le lacune ed eliminando le barriere che diminuiscono l'efficacia della lotta contro la criminalità organizzata e la corruzione all'interno dell'Unione europea. Poiché la lotta alla criminalità organizzata e alla corruzione costituisce una competenza condivisa tra l'Unione europea e gli Stati membri, le stime illustrano i benefici potenziali che potrebbero essere ottenuti congiuntamente migliorando il recepimento e l'applicazione delle norme internazionali ed europee, colmando le lacune legislative ancora esistenti e migliorando il processo di definizione delle politiche e la cooperazione operativa tra le autorità. Laddove possibile, sono stati quantificati i benefici derivanti da politiche specifiche volte a colmare le lacune e a eliminare le barriere nel contesto attuale. Lo studio, sulla base di elementi quantificabili, dimostra che il costo della non Europa in relazione alla criminalità organizzata e alla corruzione ammonta ad almeno 71 miliardi di euro l'anno.

Cross-Border Volunteering: Cost of Non-Europe Report

15-07-2015

The study examines the legal, administrative and other barriers to cross-border volunteering which prevent it from achieving its full potential. Those barriers include uncertainty and the risk of forfeiting social security benefits, the unclear framework for obtaining residence permits in some host countries, the lack of clear procedures for the recognition of the skills and competences gained through volunteering, the lack of positive action and information on volunteering opportunities, and insufficient ...

The study examines the legal, administrative and other barriers to cross-border volunteering which prevent it from achieving its full potential. Those barriers include uncertainty and the risk of forfeiting social security benefits, the unclear framework for obtaining residence permits in some host countries, the lack of clear procedures for the recognition of the skills and competences gained through volunteering, the lack of positive action and information on volunteering opportunities, and insufficient preparation and training for volunteers. The cost associated with the barriers to cross border volunteering is estimated at 65 million euro per year, increasing the positive economic benefit by a third mainly through the removal of administrative barriers. While the cost of non-action, in political and economic terms, is relatively modest, stronger EU action would increase its visibility, its socioeconomic contribution and foster increased participation in cross-border volunteering. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format  

Autore esterno

Annex I of this study has been written by Levent Altan, Vanessa Leigh, Jelena Milovanovic, Nienke Van Der Burgt (legal/policy analysis) and Guillermo Hernández, Sandra Planes and Gijs Nolet (cost assessment), at the request of the European Added Value Unit of the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value, within the Directorate General for Parliamentary Research Service of the European Parliament. The study was supported by a panel of senior experts: Gabriella Civico (European Volunteer Centre); Robert Leigh (Senior Consultant, United Nations Volunteers (UNV)); Eberhard Lueder (Red Cross EU Office) and Alix Masson (European Youth Forum). Piotr Sadowski (CSV and Volonteurope) carried out the peer review.

Potential benefits of EU water legislation

16-06-2015

The Water Framework Directive, adopted in December 2000, set an ambitious target of achieving ‘good’ ecological status for all Europe’s rivers by 2015. Today however, 50% of European surface water is of poor ecological status and the chemical status of 40% is ‘unknown’. With better implementation of the legislation, and reaching the target of good ecological status for all European water bodies, the benefits would be at least €2.8 billion a year.

The Water Framework Directive, adopted in December 2000, set an ambitious target of achieving ‘good’ ecological status for all Europe’s rivers by 2015. Today however, 50% of European surface water is of poor ecological status and the chemical status of 40% is ‘unknown’. With better implementation of the legislation, and reaching the target of good ecological status for all European water bodies, the benefits would be at least €2.8 billion a year.

Water legislation: Cost of Non-Europe Report

20-05-2015

This ‘Cost of Non-Europe’ report examines the state of implementation of current EU Water Legislation and identifies the cost of the lack of further European action in this field. The assessment made of existing water legislation confirms that there are still implementation gaps and areas of poor performance. The examination of five case studies, where it was believed that a significant potential exists for further EU action, served to demonstrate that there are several barriers which hinder the ...

This ‘Cost of Non-Europe’ report examines the state of implementation of current EU Water Legislation and identifies the cost of the lack of further European action in this field. The assessment made of existing water legislation confirms that there are still implementation gaps and areas of poor performance. The examination of five case studies, where it was believed that a significant potential exists for further EU action, served to demonstrate that there are several barriers which hinder the achievement of the goals set in the legislation. More European action would accordingly be necessary to limit the impact on Europe's water quality of flooding or of pharmaceutical residues. To limit the use of fresh water more generally, there is a need for European coordination to increase the use of water-efficient equipment and water-metering.  This research makes a cautious estimate that the benefits of full implementation of existing legislation could reach 2.8 billion euro per year. The study also demonstrates that further European action in this field could provide further added value, representing a ‘cost of non-Europe’ of some 25 billion euro per year.

Common unemployment insurance scheme for the euro area

01-10-2014

The European Parliament has called for a “social dimension” to the Economic and Monetary Union to tackle unemployment and restore growth following the recent economic crisis. Among various alternative options, automatic stabilisers could potentially be means of stabilising the Eurozone, while at the same time addressing social problems associated with the financial crisis. This Cost of Non-Europe report explores the prospects for introducing an automatic stabilizer in the form of ...

The European Parliament has called for a “social dimension” to the Economic and Monetary Union to tackle unemployment and restore growth following the recent economic crisis. Among various alternative options, automatic stabilisers could potentially be means of stabilising the Eurozone, while at the same time addressing social problems associated with the financial crisis. This Cost of Non-Europe report explores the prospects for introducing an automatic stabilizer in the form of an Unemployment Insurance Scheme for the euro area, which will provide the monetary union with greater stability in the medium and long term. It builds on two research papers commissioned for the purpose, which are included as annexes. Analysis of its potential benefits, had it existed during the recent crisis, shows that such a scheme would have reduced the fall in GDP in the most affected Member States by 71 billion euro in the period between 2009 and 2012.  

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