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EU policies – Delivering for citizens: The fight against terrorism

28-06-2019

Faced with a growing international terrorist threat, the European Union (EU) is playing an ever more ambitious role in counter-terrorism. Even though primary responsibility for combating crime and ensuring security lies with the Member States, the EU provides cooperation, coordination and (to some extent) harmonisation tools, as well as financial support, to address this borderless phenomenon. Moreover, the assumption that there is a connection between development and stability, as well as between ...

Faced with a growing international terrorist threat, the European Union (EU) is playing an ever more ambitious role in counter-terrorism. Even though primary responsibility for combating crime and ensuring security lies with the Member States, the EU provides cooperation, coordination and (to some extent) harmonisation tools, as well as financial support, to address this borderless phenomenon. Moreover, the assumption that there is a connection between development and stability, as well as between internal and external security, has come to shape EU action beyond its own borders. EU spending in the area of counter-terrorism has increased over the years and is set to grow in the future, to allow for better cooperation between national law enforcement authorities and enhanced support by the EU bodies in charge of security, such as Europol and eu-LISA. Financing for cooperation with third countries has also increased, including through the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace. The many new rules and instruments that have been adopted since 2014 range from harmonising definitions of terrorist offences and sanctions, and sharing information and data, to protecting borders, countering terrorist financing, and regulating firearms. To evaluate the efficiency of the existing tools and identify gaps and possible ways forward, the European Parliament set up a Special Committee on Terrorism (TERR), which delivered its report in November 2018. TERR made extensive recommendations for immediate or longer term actions aiming to prevent terrorism, combat its root causes, protect EU citizens and assist victims in the best possible way. In line with these recommendations, future EU counterterrorism action will most probably focus on addressing existing and new threats, countering radicalisation – including by preventing the spread of terrorist propaganda online – and enhancing the resilience of critical infrastructure. Foreseeable developments also include increased information sharing, with planned interoperability between EU security- and border-related databases, as well as investigation and prosecution of terrorist crimes at EU level, through the proposed extension of the mandate of the recently established European Public Prosecutor's Office. This is an update of an earlier briefing issued in advance of the 2019 European elections.

Interoperability between EU border and security information systems

14-06-2019

To enhance EU external border management and internal security, the European Commission has made several proposals to upgrade and expand European border and security information systems. As part of a broader process to maximise their use, the Commission presented legislative proposals for two regulations in December 2017 (amended in June 2018), establishing an interoperability framework between EU information systems on borders and visas, and on police and judicial cooperation, asylum and migration ...

To enhance EU external border management and internal security, the European Commission has made several proposals to upgrade and expand European border and security information systems. As part of a broader process to maximise their use, the Commission presented legislative proposals for two regulations in December 2017 (amended in June 2018), establishing an interoperability framework between EU information systems on borders and visas, and on police and judicial cooperation, asylum and migration. After completion of the legislative procedure at first reading in the Parliament and in the Council, the final acts were signed by the co-legislators on 20 May 2019 and published in the Official Journal two days later. Both acts came into force on 11 June 2019. The new rules aim to improve checks at the EU’s external borders, allow for better detection of security threats and identity fraud, and help in preventing and combating irregular migration. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Sistema europeo di informazione sui casellari giudiziari / ECRIS

06-03-2019

Nel corso del mese di marzo, il Parlamento europeo voterà in Aula su due proposte legislative volte a migliorare il sistema europeo di informazione sui casellari giudiziari (ECRIS). Il sistema consente ai giudici e ai procuratori di chiedere informazioni sui precedenti penali di qualsiasi cittadino dell'UE. Tuttavia, nella versione attuale sistema non consente un facile accesso alle informazioni sui cittadini di paesi terzi condannati nell'UE. Le nuove norme mirano a colmare questa lacuna.

Nel corso del mese di marzo, il Parlamento europeo voterà in Aula su due proposte legislative volte a migliorare il sistema europeo di informazione sui casellari giudiziari (ECRIS). Il sistema consente ai giudici e ai procuratori di chiedere informazioni sui precedenti penali di qualsiasi cittadino dell'UE. Tuttavia, nella versione attuale sistema non consente un facile accesso alle informazioni sui cittadini di paesi terzi condannati nell'UE. Le nuove norme mirano a colmare questa lacuna.

Lotta al riciclaggio di denaro mediante il diritto penale

05-09-2018

Anche se il riciclaggio di denaro costituisce un reato in tutti gli Stati membri dell'UE, le definizioni e le sanzioni variano all'interno dell'Unione europea. Tali differenze possono essere sfruttate dai criminali svolgendo le loro operazioni finanziarie in paesi con norme meno severe. Durante la sessione plenaria di settembre, il Parlamento europeo si accinge a votare una proposta relativa a una nuova direttiva volta ad armonizzare le norme e le sanzioni nell'Unione europea, agevolando la cooperazione ...

Anche se il riciclaggio di denaro costituisce un reato in tutti gli Stati membri dell'UE, le definizioni e le sanzioni variano all'interno dell'Unione europea. Tali differenze possono essere sfruttate dai criminali svolgendo le loro operazioni finanziarie in paesi con norme meno severe. Durante la sessione plenaria di settembre, il Parlamento europeo si accinge a votare una proposta relativa a una nuova direttiva volta ad armonizzare le norme e le sanzioni nell'Unione europea, agevolando la cooperazione transfrontaliera al fine di combattere il riciclaggio di denaro e il finanziamento del terrorismo.

EYE event - Europe's fight against terror

16-05-2018

11 March 2019 will mark the 15th European Day of Remembrance of Victims of Terrorism, established to commemorate all victims of terror following the 2004 Madrid bombings, which left 191 people dead and around 2 000 injured. Since then, Europe has experienced several waves of terrorism and the European Union's policy response has evolved over the years, starting after 11 September 2001 and reaching cruising speed in 2015. What are the results of more than 15 years of EU counter-terrorism action? Is ...

11 March 2019 will mark the 15th European Day of Remembrance of Victims of Terrorism, established to commemorate all victims of terror following the 2004 Madrid bombings, which left 191 people dead and around 2 000 injured. Since then, Europe has experienced several waves of terrorism and the European Union's policy response has evolved over the years, starting after 11 September 2001 and reaching cruising speed in 2015. What are the results of more than 15 years of EU counter-terrorism action? Is there still room for further progress?

EYE event - Cyber-attacks: Not just a phantom menace

16-05-2018

Some 96 % of young people (and 70 % of citizens) in Europe use the internet every day. The young communicate, play, shop, learn and work online. While offering a galaxy of opportunities, the digital environment also has a dark side. Cybercrime knows no borders and cyber-attacks can take on various forms, targeting all kinds of things, ranging from our devices and wallets, to our way of life. How can we make our digital society more resilient and our cybersecurity stronger? How does the EU help us ...

Some 96 % of young people (and 70 % of citizens) in Europe use the internet every day. The young communicate, play, shop, learn and work online. While offering a galaxy of opportunities, the digital environment also has a dark side. Cybercrime knows no borders and cyber-attacks can take on various forms, targeting all kinds of things, ranging from our devices and wallets, to our way of life. How can we make our digital society more resilient and our cybersecurity stronger? How does the EU help us reinforce our cyber-preparedness and response?

Research of the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs and the EPRS in the Fields of Responsibilities of the Special Committee on Terrorism

06-10-2017

This paper provides a detailed analysis of the responsibilities of the Special Committee on Terrorism and the corresponding available and upcoming research of the Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs and the EPRS.

This paper provides a detailed analysis of the responsibilities of the Special Committee on Terrorism and the corresponding available and upcoming research of the Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs and the EPRS.

Corruption in the European Union: Prevalence of corruption, and anti-corruption efforts in selected EU Member States

18-09-2017

This study deals with the prevalence of corruption in the EU and describes the action taken to address the problem. It focuses on initiatives and policies implemented by governments at national, regional and local levels in eight selected Member States ranging from north to south and from west to east: Finland, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Croatia, Romania and Bulgaria. The perception of corruption among citizens, the legal, institutional and policy framework, as well as some best ...

This study deals with the prevalence of corruption in the EU and describes the action taken to address the problem. It focuses on initiatives and policies implemented by governments at national, regional and local levels in eight selected Member States ranging from north to south and from west to east: Finland, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Croatia, Romania and Bulgaria. The perception of corruption among citizens, the legal, institutional and policy framework, as well as some best practices at different levels of government are presented to improve understanding of the context and nature of anti-corruption policies, and to give some positive examples of what can be done.

Combating terrorism

12-09-2017

The phenomenon of foreign fighters travelling to conflict zones, mostly in Syria and Iraq, represents a growing threat for the EU and its Member States. Most of the recent terrorist attacks in Europe were perpetrated by 'home-grown' terrorists, and at least some of the perpetrators proved to be returned foreign fighters. In December 2015, the European Commission presented a proposal for a directive on combating terrorism, aimed at updating the current framework on criminalising terrorist offences ...

The phenomenon of foreign fighters travelling to conflict zones, mostly in Syria and Iraq, represents a growing threat for the EU and its Member States. Most of the recent terrorist attacks in Europe were perpetrated by 'home-grown' terrorists, and at least some of the perpetrators proved to be returned foreign fighters. In December 2015, the European Commission presented a proposal for a directive on combating terrorism, aimed at updating the current framework on criminalising terrorist offences and at bringing EU legislation into line with international developments, such as the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 2178 and the Additional Protocol to the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism. The proposal extends the list of offences, to cover receiving of terrorist training, travelling and attempting to travel abroad for terrorism, and funding or facilitating such travel, and also includes provisions on the protection of victims. After completion of the legislative procedure at first reading in the Parliament and Council, the final act was signed in March 2017. Member States are required to transpose the new directive into national law by 8 September 2018.

Combating terrorism

10-02-2017

The phenomenon of foreign fighters travelling to conflict zones, mostly in Syria and Iraq, represents a growing threat for the EU and its Member States. Most of the recent terrorist attacks in Europe were perpetrated by 'home-grown' terrorists, and at least some of the perpetrators proved to be returned foreign fighters. On 2 December 2015, the European Commission presented a proposal for a directive on combating terrorism, aimed at updating the current framework on criminalising terrorist offences ...

The phenomenon of foreign fighters travelling to conflict zones, mostly in Syria and Iraq, represents a growing threat for the EU and its Member States. Most of the recent terrorist attacks in Europe were perpetrated by 'home-grown' terrorists, and at least some of the perpetrators proved to be returned foreign fighters. On 2 December 2015, the European Commission presented a proposal for a directive on combating terrorism, aimed at updating the current framework on criminalising terrorist offences and at bringing EU legislation into line with international developments, such as the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 2178 and the Additional Protocol to the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism. The proposal extends the list of offences, to cover receiving of terrorist training, travelling and attempting to travel abroad for terrorism, and funding or facilitating such travel, and also includes provisions on the protection of victims. An agreement on the proposal was reached by co-legislators in November 2016. It is due to be submitted for a first-reading vote in the February II plenary. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE 586.628, 14 July 2016.

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