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Economic, Social and Territorial Situation of Ukraine

15-10-2014

This in-depth analysis provides an overview of Ukrainian economic, political and administrative framework. It focuses on the description of the territorial administration system of the country, including its territorial division, the competences of different levels of administration and their financial capacities. This analysis provides also the information about the measures taken by the Ukrainian government, regarding the administrative organisation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea that was ...

This in-depth analysis provides an overview of Ukrainian economic, political and administrative framework. It focuses on the description of the territorial administration system of the country, including its territorial division, the competences of different levels of administration and their financial capacities. This analysis provides also the information about the measures taken by the Ukrainian government, regarding the administrative organisation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea that was illegally annexed by the Russian Federation and certain districts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions that are under the control of pro-Russian separatists.

EU-Africa strategic partnership

19-11-2010

At their forthcoming summit, African and EU leaders will address the problems besetting their strategic partnership. Indeed, despite its innovative ambition to move relations between the two continents "beyond development, beyond Africa and beyond institutions", the Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES) has failed to address setbacks such as the EU's fragmented approach to Africa, the lack of a specific financial instrument and insufficient links between the political and technical levels.

At their forthcoming summit, African and EU leaders will address the problems besetting their strategic partnership. Indeed, despite its innovative ambition to move relations between the two continents "beyond development, beyond Africa and beyond institutions", the Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES) has failed to address setbacks such as the EU's fragmented approach to Africa, the lack of a specific financial instrument and insufficient links between the political and technical levels.

European arms exports to third countries

02-09-2010

Towards greater consultation within the EU? France's plan to sell Russia four warships (Mistral-class amphibious assault vessels) triggered anger in Baltic countries, which qualified the move as unprecedented. Paris' move has also increased debate on the need for EU Member States to consult among themselves, within the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), before concluding strategic and military deals that might compromise the security of other Member States.

Towards greater consultation within the EU? France's plan to sell Russia four warships (Mistral-class amphibious assault vessels) triggered anger in Baltic countries, which qualified the move as unprecedented. Paris' move has also increased debate on the need for EU Member States to consult among themselves, within the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), before concluding strategic and military deals that might compromise the security of other Member States.

The EU's Generalised System of Preferences (GSP)

30-08-2010

The EU's Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) aims to promote development in third countries by fostering their exports. However, its record on export diversification and trade creation has been limited. GSP+ grants additional preferences to countries which commit to respect human and labour rights, protect the environment and promote good governance. Nevertheless, the scheme has failed to improve labour standards and has only succeeded to improve human rights under certain conditions. The emergence ...

The EU's Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) aims to promote development in third countries by fostering their exports. However, its record on export diversification and trade creation has been limited. GSP+ grants additional preferences to countries which commit to respect human and labour rights, protect the environment and promote good governance. Nevertheless, the scheme has failed to improve labour standards and has only succeeded to improve human rights under certain conditions. The emergence of new trading partners, such as China and India, that provide unconditional loans or aid, might compel the EU to reconsider its use of GSP. Following the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the European Parliament will co-legislate on the adoption of the next GSP scheme. The EP has supported the inclusion of social and environmental clauses in trade agreements and the use of trade to promote development and social cohesion.

Cuba: between the EU's conditional engagement and US embargo

19-04-2010

Castro's regime depends economically on Venezuela (which replaced the USSR as Cuba's benefactor) and politically on the US embargo. The latter provides the image of an enemy, which the communist regime exploits to guarantee social cohesion. However, economic difficulties are eroding the government's legitimacy. The US and the EU follow contradictory approaches to promote Cuba's democratisation. Whereas the US aims to replace the current elite, the EU's common position foresees a peaceful transition ...

Castro's regime depends economically on Venezuela (which replaced the USSR as Cuba's benefactor) and politically on the US embargo. The latter provides the image of an enemy, which the communist regime exploits to guarantee social cohesion. However, economic difficulties are eroding the government's legitimacy. The US and the EU follow contradictory approaches to promote Cuba's democratisation. Whereas the US aims to replace the current elite, the EU's common position foresees a peaceful transition to pluralism from within the present regime. Nevertheless, both powers link full cooperation with Havana to improvements in human rights and political freedom. The EP has supported human rights and democracy in Cuba by passing resolutions and awarding the Sakharov prize to critics of the regime.

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