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Rafforzare le politiche di inclusione dei Rom

06-07-2020

La Commissione europea ha annunciato l'intenzione di adottare, entro la fine dell'anno, un quadro strategico dell'UE volto ad affrontare l'esclusione socioeconomica e la discriminazione nei confronti delle persone di origine Rom. Il Parlamento europeo sta elaborando raccomandazione dettagliate. Nel frattempo, per la tornata di luglio sono previste una discussione e dichiarazioni del Consiglio e della Commissione.

La Commissione europea ha annunciato l'intenzione di adottare, entro la fine dell'anno, un quadro strategico dell'UE volto ad affrontare l'esclusione socioeconomica e la discriminazione nei confronti delle persone di origine Rom. Il Parlamento europeo sta elaborando raccomandazione dettagliate. Nel frattempo, per la tornata di luglio sono previste una discussione e dichiarazioni del Consiglio e della Commissione.

Economic and monetary union

02-07-2020

Launched almost three decades ago, economic and monetary union (EMU) represents a very important step in the process of European economic integration. However, the recent sovereign debt crisis highlighted its incomplete design and some inherent instabilities. A series of measures were therefore taken to deepen EMU and thereby to increase its resilience. They can be grouped in three main categories: monetary measures, measures intended to complete the single market, and measures aimed at strengthening ...

Launched almost three decades ago, economic and monetary union (EMU) represents a very important step in the process of European economic integration. However, the recent sovereign debt crisis highlighted its incomplete design and some inherent instabilities. A series of measures were therefore taken to deepen EMU and thereby to increase its resilience. They can be grouped in three main categories: monetary measures, measures intended to complete the single market, and measures aimed at strengthening the economic union dimension of EMU. The current coronavirus pandemic has shown the urgency of many of them; recently submitted important proposals could lead to a noteworthy evolution in the architecture of EMU. This Briefing groups and highlights some of these proposals. The table at the end features a number of additional proposals in summary form.

Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020: European Implementation Assessment

23-04-2020

This study provides a review of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies (NRIS) up to 2020. It was produced at the request of the Committee for Civil Liberties. Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) and the Committee for Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) to feed into the discussions regarding the post-2020 Framework. The study provides a synthesis of evaluations and opinions of the Framework. It gives an appreciation of the coordination, consultation and monitoring structures and the ...

This study provides a review of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies (NRIS) up to 2020. It was produced at the request of the Committee for Civil Liberties. Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) and the Committee for Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) to feed into the discussions regarding the post-2020 Framework. The study provides a synthesis of evaluations and opinions of the Framework. It gives an appreciation of the coordination, consultation and monitoring structures and the way they work out in practice. It also looks at the interplay with other EU legal, funding and policy instruments. It then reviews the main policy objectives, namely (Roma access to) education, employment, health, housing, as well as anti-discrimination and anti-gypsyism.

The social and employment situation of Roma communities in Slovakia

15-04-2020

Originally commissioned for a committee delegation which had to be postponed due to the Coronavirus measures, the full study has now been published to mark International Roma Day on 8 April 2020. It attempts to provide an overview of the situation of Roma communities in Slovakia, by first presenting key indicators on their employment and poverty levels, reviewing existing social and employment policies. Second, it discusses the situation of Roma children in education. Third, the paper presents achievements ...

Originally commissioned for a committee delegation which had to be postponed due to the Coronavirus measures, the full study has now been published to mark International Roma Day on 8 April 2020. It attempts to provide an overview of the situation of Roma communities in Slovakia, by first presenting key indicators on their employment and poverty levels, reviewing existing social and employment policies. Second, it discusses the situation of Roma children in education. Third, the paper presents achievements and lessons learned from the use of EU funds for marginalized communities and, finally, it reviews the work of other organisations (EFRA, Council of Europe, ERRC, and European Court of Auditors) in assessing the situation of Roma people in Slovakia.

Autore esterno

M. KAHANEC, L. KOVÁČOVÁ, Z. POLÁČKOVÁ, M. SEDLÁKOVÁ

Joint debt instruments: A recurrent proposal to strengthen economic and monetary union

02-04-2020

The idea of issuing joint debt instruments, in particular between euro-area countries, is far from new. It has long been linked in various ways to the Union's financial integration process and in particular to the implementation of economic and monetary union. In the first decade of the euro, the rationale for creating joint bonds was to reduce market fragmentation and thus obtain efficiency gains. Following the financial and sovereign debt crises, further reasons included managing the crises and ...

The idea of issuing joint debt instruments, in particular between euro-area countries, is far from new. It has long been linked in various ways to the Union's financial integration process and in particular to the implementation of economic and monetary union. In the first decade of the euro, the rationale for creating joint bonds was to reduce market fragmentation and thus obtain efficiency gains. Following the financial and sovereign debt crises, further reasons included managing the crises and preventing future sovereign debt crises, reinforcing financial stability in the euro area, facilitating transmission of monetary policy, breaking the sovereign-bank nexus and enhancing the international role of the euro. While joint debt instruments present considerable potential advantages, they also present challenges. These include coordination issues and reduced flexibility for Member States in issuing debt, the potential to undermine fiscal discipline by removing incentives for sound budgetary policies, and the fact that adoption of joint debt instruments would eventually entail the difficult political choice of transferring sovereignty from the national to the EU level. In the context of the current crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, joint debt instruments have once more come to the fore as a potential medium-term solution to help Member States rebuild their economies following the crisis. In Eurogroup and European Council meetings, the solution is not favoured by all Member States and alternative – possibly complementary – approaches have been proposed, such as a credit line through the European Stability Mechanism.

The social and employment situation of Roma communities in Slovakia

16-03-2020

Originally commissioned for a delegation which had to be postponed due to the Coronavirus measures, this analysis is being published to mark International Roma Day on 8 April 2020. The paper first presents key indicators on employment and poverty and reviews existing social and employment policies. Second, it discusses the situation of Roma children in education. Third, the paper presents achievements and lessons learned of EU funds used for marginalized communities and, finally, it reviews the work ...

Originally commissioned for a delegation which had to be postponed due to the Coronavirus measures, this analysis is being published to mark International Roma Day on 8 April 2020. The paper first presents key indicators on employment and poverty and reviews existing social and employment policies. Second, it discusses the situation of Roma children in education. Third, the paper presents achievements and lessons learned of EU funds used for marginalized communities and, finally, it reviews the work of other organisations (EFRA, CoE, ERRC, and ECA) in assessing the situation of Roma people in Slovakia..

Autore esterno

Martin Kahanec et al.

Contribution to Growth: Free Movements of Goods - Delivering Economic Benefits for Citizens and Businesses

15-03-2019

This study summarizes the current literature on the economic benefits of the free movement of goods in the EU Single Market. A theory-grounded sectoral gravity model has found that EU Single Market increased real income in the European Union by approximately 6,43%. Furthermore, we discuss ex-ante analyses of the benefits of legislation that enhances European Market integration. This document was commissioned by the Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament’s Committee on Internal ...

This study summarizes the current literature on the economic benefits of the free movement of goods in the EU Single Market. A theory-grounded sectoral gravity model has found that EU Single Market increased real income in the European Union by approximately 6,43%. Furthermore, we discuss ex-ante analyses of the benefits of legislation that enhances European Market integration. This document was commissioned by the Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament’s Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO)..

Autore esterno

Prof. Dr. Panu Poutvaara

Contribution to Growth: Customs union Delivering improved rights for European citizens and businesses

15-03-2019

This in-depth analysis was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the IMCO Committee to provide background information on rights and benefits delivered to European citizens by developments of the EU Customs Union and on the potential for further achievements.

This in-depth analysis was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the IMCO Committee to provide background information on rights and benefits delivered to European citizens by developments of the EU Customs Union and on the potential for further achievements.

Autore esterno

Prof. Dr. Tobias STOLL

Economic integration under the African Union

16-11-2017

Although it tends to prioritise political objectives, the African Union (AU) pursues a no less ambitious project for economic integration with the ultimate goal of creating a common market and a monetary and economic union. Currently, the main responsibility for driving economic integration forward is carried by the regional economic communities, which are overseen and coordinated by the AU. However, the pace of progress is very uneven. In addition, the AU has developed its own programmes for promoting ...

Although it tends to prioritise political objectives, the African Union (AU) pursues a no less ambitious project for economic integration with the ultimate goal of creating a common market and a monetary and economic union. Currently, the main responsibility for driving economic integration forward is carried by the regional economic communities, which are overseen and coordinated by the AU. However, the pace of progress is very uneven. In addition, the AU has developed its own programmes for promoting the continent's economic development.

The Joint Africa-EU Strategy

15-11-2017

Implementation of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES) has taken place in a rapidly evolving political scenario at the global level and specifically within Europe and Africa. The overarching objectives identified in 2007 still remain valid, but concrete priorities now need to be adapted to the new reality. At the strategic level, a refinement of the Africa-EU partnership has become urgent following the adoption of Agenda 2063 and the EU Global Strategy. At policy level, lessons learned from the implementation ...

Implementation of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES) has taken place in a rapidly evolving political scenario at the global level and specifically within Europe and Africa. The overarching objectives identified in 2007 still remain valid, but concrete priorities now need to be adapted to the new reality. At the strategic level, a refinement of the Africa-EU partnership has become urgent following the adoption of Agenda 2063 and the EU Global Strategy. At policy level, lessons learned from the implementation of the Roadmap 2014-17 and the way ahead indicated in the Joint Communication of May 2017 should be taken into account. Ten years after its adoption and with a view to the next AU-EU Summit, being held in Abidjan on 29-30 November 2017, it is crucial to re-assess the strategy’s validity on the basis of achievements and shortfalls, also in its parliamentary dimension, with regard to the fulfilment of its objectives in an evolving context.

Autore esterno

Nicoletta PIROZZI, Institutional Relations Manager & Head of Programme, Istituto Affari Internazional, Italy, Nicoló SARTORI, Senior Fellow & Head of Programme, Istituto Affari Internazionali, Italy, Bernardo VENTURI, Researcher, Istituto Affari Internazionali, Italy

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