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Women in arts and culture − Artists, not muses

05-03-2021

As in all other domains, women's place in arts and culture has not matched their ambitions and skills. Traditionally they were muses of male artists or amateur performing artists, and arts education for them was very limited. Despite good progress, there is still a lot to do to ensure women fully and freely contribute their artistic vision, hold positions of responsibility, and to recover the works of courageous women artists from the dusty archives of museums.

As in all other domains, women's place in arts and culture has not matched their ambitions and skills. Traditionally they were muses of male artists or amateur performing artists, and arts education for them was very limited. Despite good progress, there is still a lot to do to ensure women fully and freely contribute their artistic vision, hold positions of responsibility, and to recover the works of courageous women artists from the dusty archives of museums.

Women in foreign affairs and international security: Still far from gender equality

03-03-2021

The debate on the participation and role of women in foreign affairs and international security is a timely and relevant one, and is being raised with increasing frequency at both national and international levels. In particular, there is growing attention to the imbalances in the representation of women in leadership and other key positions in the area of foreign and security policy, as well as to the growing body of evidence regarding the positive effect of including women in several key areas ...

The debate on the participation and role of women in foreign affairs and international security is a timely and relevant one, and is being raised with increasing frequency at both national and international levels. In particular, there is growing attention to the imbalances in the representation of women in leadership and other key positions in the area of foreign and security policy, as well as to the growing body of evidence regarding the positive effect of including women in several key areas of foreign and security policy. While gaps persist, women's representation at management and ministerial levels in the areas of foreign affairs and security has increased whether in the European Union (EU), the United States (US) or at the United Nations (UN) level. Among these issues, women's role in peacekeeping receives particular attention, as research has consistently shown that gender equality contributes to peace, and that peace negotiations involving women have a better chance of being sustainable and effective. Gender-equal societies enjoy better health, stronger economic growth and higher security. The UN and the EU have put pronounced emphasis on the issue in the past two decades. UN Security Council Resolution 1325 established the 'women, peace and security' (WPS) agenda in 2000. Since then, more WPS-related resolutions have been adopted, widening the scope and breadth of gendered peace and security. These resolutions have been instrumental in changing the philosophy and rhetoric focused on conflict and gender equality, thereby challenging the international community to do more. Several initiatives are also being implemented at EU level, including through the 2018 EU strategic approach to WPS. However, critics underline that a lot remains to be done, as women continue to be under-represented in the field of foreign and security policy across the world. This is an update of an EPRS briefing published in September 2019.

The coronavirus crisis: An emerging gender divide?

02-03-2021

The European Union remains severely hit by the coronavirus crisis, whose impact extends far beyond public health. The economic, social and psychological consequences of the pandemic are at the forefront of Member States’ and EU institutions’ concerns. Employment and working conditions have undergone major upheavals, raising the issue of a possible reversal of progress on gender equality. This infographic aims to shed light on the socioeconomic and psychological impacts of the pandemic on women, through ...

The European Union remains severely hit by the coronavirus crisis, whose impact extends far beyond public health. The economic, social and psychological consequences of the pandemic are at the forefront of Member States’ and EU institutions’ concerns. Employment and working conditions have undergone major upheavals, raising the issue of a possible reversal of progress on gender equality. This infographic aims to shed light on the socioeconomic and psychological impacts of the pandemic on women, through the lens of the transformation of the labour market, work-life balance and well-being. It is based on Eurostat data and a study conducted by Eurofound on living and working in the times of Covid-19.

Women's rights and well-being in a post-Covid world: Internet of things (IoT) and related abuses, new ways of working, teleworking, tele-learning, unpaid care and housework, women in leadership and decision-making process

02-03-2021

On the International Women’s Day, let us recall the context in which the current event is taking place. Just about a year ago, the World Health Organisation proclaimed the COVID 19 as the global pandemics. In the scope of several weeks, it has affected all the countries in the world and persists until this day, in spite of the existence of vaccines. Hence, further societal developments are uncertain and more changes within it are to be expected. In the sections below, the Policy Department tries ...

On the International Women’s Day, let us recall the context in which the current event is taking place. Just about a year ago, the World Health Organisation proclaimed the COVID 19 as the global pandemics. In the scope of several weeks, it has affected all the countries in the world and persists until this day, in spite of the existence of vaccines. Hence, further societal developments are uncertain and more changes within it are to be expected. In the sections below, the Policy Department tries to address the selected sectors of society affecting women and girls by changes resulting from the effects of the COVID 19 pandemics.

The Gender Gap in the EU’s Public Employment and Leadership

02-03-2021

This Study has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. It provides a situational analysis of the gender gap in EU and Member States public sector, administration and sphere and identifies promising policy measures for reducing it.

This Study has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. It provides a situational analysis of the gender gap in EU and Member States public sector, administration and sphere and identifies promising policy measures for reducing it.

Autore esterno

Clara COTRONEO, Olivia BROWN, Iwona KARWOT - European Institute of Public Administration

European Commission: Facts and Figures

04-02-2021

The European Commission is the executive body of the European Union. Under the Treaties, its tasks are to 'promote the general interest of the Union', without prejudice to individual Member States, to 'ensure the application of the Treaties' and adopted measures, and to 'execute the budget'. It also holds a virtual monopoly on the right of legislative initiative, alone proposing nearly all EU legislation to the European Parliament and the Council of the EU. The College of Commissioners is currently ...

The European Commission is the executive body of the European Union. Under the Treaties, its tasks are to 'promote the general interest of the Union', without prejudice to individual Member States, to 'ensure the application of the Treaties' and adopted measures, and to 'execute the budget'. It also holds a virtual monopoly on the right of legislative initiative, alone proposing nearly all EU legislation to the European Parliament and the Council of the EU. The College of Commissioners is currently composed of 27 individuals: the President, Ursula von der Leyen, three Executive Vice-Presidents, five Vice-Presidents and eighteen Commissioners. The Executive Vice-Presidents both manage a specific portfolio and coordinate one of the core parts of the Commission's political agenda. The five Vice-Presidents each coordinate a single specific policy priority. The other Commissioners manage the specific portfolios, under the coordination of the Vice-Presidents. This Briefing sets out the responsibilities, composition and work of the Commission and its leadership, both in the current Commission and in the past. It also gives details of the staff of the Commission’s departments, their main places of employment, gender distribution and national background, as well as providing a breakdown of the EU’s administrative budget and budgetary management responsibilities.

Diritti delle donne: esame dei 25 anni della piattaforma d’azione di Pechino

04-02-2021

Lo scorso anno è stato celebrato il 25º anniversario della quarta conferenza mondiale delle Nazioni Unite sulle donne di Pechino, considerata un punto di svolta per l'agenda mondiale sulla parità di genere. La dichiarazione e la piattaforma d'azione di Pechino adottate alla conferenza sono considerate la "Carta dei diritti" internazionale per le donne, che definisce i diritti delle donne quali diritti umani e fissa obiettivi per tutta una serie di problematiche che riguardano le donne e le ragazze ...

Lo scorso anno è stato celebrato il 25º anniversario della quarta conferenza mondiale delle Nazioni Unite sulle donne di Pechino, considerata un punto di svolta per l'agenda mondiale sulla parità di genere. La dichiarazione e la piattaforma d'azione di Pechino adottate alla conferenza sono considerate la "Carta dei diritti" internazionale per le donne, che definisce i diritti delle donne quali diritti umani e fissa obiettivi per tutta una serie di problematiche che riguardano le donne e le ragazze. Nell'ambito della piattaforma d'azione di Pechino, l'UE e i suoi Stati membri si sono impegnati a conseguire obiettivi concreti in dodici settori critici. L'esame dei 25 anni è stato perturbato dalla pandemia di coronavirus, che sta avendo ora anche un impatto sostanziale sulla parità di genere di per sé. La Commissione europea e il Consiglio dovrebbero riferire in merito ai progressi compiuti dall'Europa in relazione alla piattaforma d'azione di Pechino e alle sfide future durante la seduta plenaria del Parlamento europeo di febbraio 2021.

Gender and geographical balance in the governance structures of Horizon 2020

17-12-2020

This briefing analyses gender and geographical balance in the governance structures of Horizon 2020.

This briefing analyses gender and geographical balance in the governance structures of Horizon 2020.

Lavoro precario da una prospettiva di intersezionalità e di genere e modalità per combatterlo

30-11-2020

Ai fini di questo studio, la locuzione "lavoro precario" indica il lavoro contraddistinto da almeno una delle seguenti caratteristiche: retribuzione molto bassa, orari di lavoro a intensità molto limitata o ridotta sicurezza del posto di lavoro. Quest'ultimo criterio è interpretato in senso ampio in modo tale da includervi non solo i contratti temporanei ma anche i posti di lavoro caratterizzati da poche opportunità di formazione e sviluppo professionale, dalla carenza di rappresentanza collettiva ...

Ai fini di questo studio, la locuzione "lavoro precario" indica il lavoro contraddistinto da almeno una delle seguenti caratteristiche: retribuzione molto bassa, orari di lavoro a intensità molto limitata o ridotta sicurezza del posto di lavoro. Quest'ultimo criterio è interpretato in senso ampio in modo tale da includervi non solo i contratti temporanei ma anche i posti di lavoro caratterizzati da poche opportunità di formazione e sviluppo professionale, dalla carenza di rappresentanza collettiva e dall'assenza di diritti di tutela sociale o di prestazioni connesse con il lavoro. L'intersezionalità, riguardante i modi in cui sesso e genere si intersecano con altre identità o caratteristiche personali e il modo in cui tali intersezioni contribuiscono a esperienze specifiche di discriminazione, è parte integrante della definizione di lavoro precario di questo studio. Le discriminazioni sotto forma di "disuguaglianze che si intersecano" sulla base dell'età, del paese di origine, delle disabilità, del livello di istruzione o dell'orientamento sessuale delle persone costituiscono un fattore determinante sia per l'esposizione delle persone al lavoro precario che per l'effettivo svolgimento di tale tipo di lavoro. Sebbene il lavoro precario abbia un impatto evidente anche sugli uomini, sono le donne ad essere particolarmente vulnerabili a tale fenomeno.

Autore esterno

Camille FIADZO, Virginia DALLA POZZA, Laura TODARO (VVA); Claire DUPONT (Milieu); Kari HADJIVASSILIOU (The Tavistock Institute).

European gender equality strategy and binding pay transparency measures - Pre-legislative synthesis of national, regional and local positions on the European Commission's initiatives

26-11-2020

This briefing forms part of an EPRS series offering syntheses of the pre-legislative state of play and consultation on key European Commission priorities during the current five-year term. It summarises the state of affairs in the relevant policy field, examines how existing policy is working on the ground, and, where possible, identifies best practice and ideas for the future on the part of governmental organisations at all levels of European system of multi-level governance. EPRS analysis of the ...

This briefing forms part of an EPRS series offering syntheses of the pre-legislative state of play and consultation on key European Commission priorities during the current five-year term. It summarises the state of affairs in the relevant policy field, examines how existing policy is working on the ground, and, where possible, identifies best practice and ideas for the future on the part of governmental organisations at all levels of European system of multi-level governance. EPRS analysis of the positions of partner organisations at European, national, regional and local levels suggests that they would like the following main considerations to be reflected in discussion of gender equality and the forthcoming Commission proposal on binding pay transparency measures: * Input obtained from all levels of governance indicates that both gender equality and pay transparency measures require an effective combination of long- and short-term measures and legislative and non-legislative initiatives. There is a need expressed by the EU level for EU legislation covering certain aspects of violence against women. If the EU's accession to the Istanbul Convention remains blocked, an EU initiative could aim to achieve convention's main objectives. According to the European Parliament, an EU legislative initiative should also address cross-border aspects, including human trafficking and cyber-violence. Local, regional and national governmental organisations show good practice in non-legislative measures, such as helplines, counselling services and shelters for women. * When it comes to gender equality at work, a long-term perspective focused on changing harmful gender stereotypes could usefully be combined with short-term measures to ensure a good work-life balance, according to obtained input. Governmental organisations at local and regional levels show good practice in both of these areas. When it comes to binding pay transparency measures, there is broad support for an EU initiative from national governmental organisations. * All levels of government are in agreement on the importance of gender mainstreaming, for example in the budgetary processes, in order to take account of the different needs of men and women. The European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) has produced a useful toolkit for applying gender perspective to EU funds. * There are also calls from various parts of the EU system of multi-level governance to improve the availability of gender-disaggregated data in the EU.

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EPRS online policy roundtable: What is the future of (European) sovereignty?
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21-09-2021
EPRS online Book Talk with David Harley: Matters of Record: Inside European Politics
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