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Foresight ? Contribution to the debate on the future of EU agricultural policy

28-08-2017

Strategic foresight is increasingly being used as a technique to help organisations anticipate and prepare for potential challenges or opportunities. Its application to agricultural and rural development policies is examined in this briefing. A range of relevant foresight studies are identified and examined across a number of elements, covering: the identification of key drivers of change; the nature of the scenarios they present (including the role of technology and precision farming); and food ...

Strategic foresight is increasingly being used as a technique to help organisations anticipate and prepare for potential challenges or opportunities. Its application to agricultural and rural development policies is examined in this briefing. A range of relevant foresight studies are identified and examined across a number of elements, covering: the identification of key drivers of change; the nature of the scenarios they present (including the role of technology and precision farming); and food security as well as the territorial dimensions relating to the future of Europe’s rural areas. These findings are analysed for their implications for future policy-making in respect of EU agriculture and rural development matters. In the field of public policy, there is a growing realisation that the policy process has to address many challenges such as: advancing greater policy integration; identifying and applying the lessons from previous experience of policy implementation; maximising the use of the available evidence base, and considering and adopting a long-term view of the future through forward thinking involving the development of different scenarios. Foresight studies recognise the multi-disciplinary nature of the challenges facing agriculture and the importance of 'interconnected policy-making'. The potential also exists for strategic foresight to be applied at different territorial levels.

Tackling food waste: The EU's contribution to a global issue

29-11-2016

In spite of the availability of food, there is still malnutrition in the world. Food is lost or wasted throughout the supply chain, from initial agricultural production down to final consumers. In developed countries, a significant amount of food is wasted at the consumption stage, meaning that it is discarded even though still suitable for human consumption. In developing countries food is lost mostly at the farmer-producer end of the food supply chain; much less food is wasted at consumer level ...

In spite of the availability of food, there is still malnutrition in the world. Food is lost or wasted throughout the supply chain, from initial agricultural production down to final consumers. In developed countries, a significant amount of food is wasted at the consumption stage, meaning that it is discarded even though still suitable for human consumption. In developing countries food is lost mostly at the farmer-producer end of the food supply chain; much less food is wasted at consumer level. Experts assert that the largest part of food waste in developed countries is produced by households and is linked mainly to urbanisation, changes in the composition of diets, and large-scale mass distribution. Food losses and waste have negative environmental and economic impacts and their existence raises questions for society. Overall, on a per-capita basis, much more food is wasted in the industrialised world than in developing countries. In the EU, food waste has been estimated at some 88 million tonnes, or 173 kg per capita per year. The production and disposal of this food waste leads in turn to the emission of 170 million tonnes of CO2 and consumes 261 million tonnes of resources. The EU is contributing to reducing food waste mainly through its commitment to halve the disposal of edible food in the EU by 2020. Various national initiatives also aim to attain this goal. In June 2016, EU agriculture ministers adopted conclusions in which they pledged to improve data-gathering and awareness-raising on food losses and waste. In addition, they urged the European Commission to remove the legal and practical barriers so that it becomes easier to donate food. This briefing is an update of an earlier one, of January 2014.

EYE 2016 - Hunger games

28-04-2016

Fighting hunger, poverty and disease in the world is far from a utopian game. How can we empower people to create their own sustainable future? Can we bring hunger down in a generation? What does it take to adequately feed the 9 billion people expected to live on our planet in 2050 without destroying the earth? This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place in Strasbourg in May 2016. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Fighting hunger, poverty and disease in the world is far from a utopian game. How can we empower people to create their own sustainable future? Can we bring hunger down in a generation? What does it take to adequately feed the 9 billion people expected to live on our planet in 2050 without destroying the earth? This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place in Strasbourg in May 2016. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

EU biofuels policy: Dealing with indirect land use change

20-01-2015

In 2003, the European Union established a biofuels support policy, primarily with the aim of lowering CO2 emissions in the transport sector. Critics have accused this policy of inducing indirect land use change (ILUC), which triggers an increase in global food prices and in food insecurity for the poor, promotes the creation of large land holdings and the use of available ('marginal') land in developing countries, and not least, boosts carbon emissions. Most research carried out recently suggests ...

In 2003, the European Union established a biofuels support policy, primarily with the aim of lowering CO2 emissions in the transport sector. Critics have accused this policy of inducing indirect land use change (ILUC), which triggers an increase in global food prices and in food insecurity for the poor, promotes the creation of large land holdings and the use of available ('marginal') land in developing countries, and not least, boosts carbon emissions. Most research carried out recently suggests that while concerns regarding food production may have been overstated, those related to ILUC are not, as ILUC can indeed increase the release of CO2 emissions during biofuel production. The biofuels industry argues that it sustains many jobs in European rural areas. In 2012, the European Commission presented a legislative proposal to address some of these concerns while preserving existing investments. It proposed capping conventional biofuels and promoting advanced biofuels. The proposal is expected to go through a second reading in Parliament and the Council in early 2015. Parliament has called for a cap on conventional biofuels, a sub-target for advanced biofuels and the consideration of ILUC factors, while stressing the need for a post-2020 policy. Advanced biofuels are not yet produced on a large scale in the EU. Although in principle they have advantages over conventional biofuels, the technologies are not fully mature, investment is lacking and the sustainability of feedstocks needs to be assessed. The biofuels and farming sectors advocate the continued production of conventional biofuels as a source of jobs and economic activity in rural areas and oppose radical changes in policy. Some NGOs are generally opposed to conventional biofuels and would prefer cautious support measures for advanced biofuels.

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Prevention and Healthy Life"

16-06-2014

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on ‘Prevention and Healthy Life’, held at the European Parliament in Brussels, on Tuesday 4 March 2014. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the main challenges and future perspectives related to the topic of health promotion and disease prevention. The workshop was hosted by MEP Mr Alojz PETERLE (EPP, SL), Co-chair of the Health Working Group within the ENVI Committee.

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on ‘Prevention and Healthy Life’, held at the European Parliament in Brussels, on Tuesday 4 March 2014. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the main challenges and future perspectives related to the topic of health promotion and disease prevention. The workshop was hosted by MEP Mr Alojz PETERLE (EPP, SL), Co-chair of the Health Working Group within the ENVI Committee.

Autore esterno

Michael Hübel (DG Health and Consumers, European Commission), Sabine Rohrmann (Institute of Social and Preventing Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland), Marjan Videnšek (Foundation Zavod Preporod, Slovenia) and Karl Kuhn (European Network for Workplace Health Promotion - ENWHP)

Opzioni per ridurre gli sprechi alimentari

15-10-2013

La riduzione degli sprechi alimentari è considerata uno strumento importante per conseguire la sicurezza alimentare a livello mondiale, svincolare risorse limitate per adibirle ad altri impieghi, diminuire i rischi ambientali ed evitare perdite finanziarie. Nella sua tabella di marcia verso un'Europa efficiente nell'impiego delle risorse, la Commissione europea ha fissato l'obiettivo di dimezzare gli sprechi alimentari entro il 2020. Il presente studio riflette su una serie di strategie di prevenzione ...

La riduzione degli sprechi alimentari è considerata uno strumento importante per conseguire la sicurezza alimentare a livello mondiale, svincolare risorse limitate per adibirle ad altri impieghi, diminuire i rischi ambientali ed evitare perdite finanziarie. Nella sua tabella di marcia verso un'Europa efficiente nell'impiego delle risorse, la Commissione europea ha fissato l'obiettivo di dimezzare gli sprechi alimentari entro il 2020. Il presente studio riflette su una serie di strategie di prevenzione degli sprechi alimentari partendo da un'analisi esaustiva della dimensione, dei motivi e dell'andamento del fenomeno nell'UE a 27. L'attenzione è rivolta soprattutto a misure e strumenti che, nell'ambito della letteratura specializzata o dell'attuale dibattito sul tema, sono giudicati particolarmente utili, semplici da attuare e/o che hanno già dato prova di efficacia. Tra questi figurano il miglioramento e l'armonizzazione delle banche dati, la fissazione di obiettivi di riduzione degli sprechi a livello nazionale e regionale, la revisione delle vigenti norme sull'etichettatura degli alimenti indicante la data di scadenza, campagne di sensibilizzazione, incentivi economici, l'ottimizzazione dei flussi di lavoro e una gestione integrata dell'approvvigionamento nel settore della produzione alimentare e della vendita all'ingrosso/al dettaglio, compreso l'utilizzo di innovazioni tecnologiche verosimilmente in grado di ridurre gli sprechi alimentari.

Autore esterno

Carmen Priefer (Project Leader), Juliane Jörissen and Klaus-Rainer Bräutigam (ITAS)

G20 Talks: Latest Developments on Food Security

15-07-2013

Around 1 billion people suffer from chronic undernourishment. Food security is a complex phenomenon, and the main priority is contributing to understanding which environmental and specific factors could affect the state of food security and the exposure to price shock in the international food market. The role played by Global Actors (e.g. G8 and G20) is crucial. After briefly outlining the food security global governance system, mentioning the recent initiatives within and outside the G20 framework ...

Around 1 billion people suffer from chronic undernourishment. Food security is a complex phenomenon, and the main priority is contributing to understanding which environmental and specific factors could affect the state of food security and the exposure to price shock in the international food market. The role played by Global Actors (e.g. G8 and G20) is crucial. After briefly outlining the food security global governance system, mentioning the recent initiatives within and outside the G20 framework, we assess the concrete results achieved to improve food security.

Autore esterno

Fabian Capitanio (University of Naples Federico II, Italy)

Note on Food labelling for the EP Information Offices (EPIOs)

15-07-2010

In June 2009 a new European Parliament has been elected for a five year term, which will run from 2009 to 2014. This note, commissioned by the European Parliament DG for Communication, has been produced based on the 'Welcome Package' for newly elected MEPs in the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee (June 2009). The note deals with food labelling current situation, challenges and priorities for the forthcoming legislation. It also assesses food labelling in the context of the implementation ...

In June 2009 a new European Parliament has been elected for a five year term, which will run from 2009 to 2014. This note, commissioned by the European Parliament DG for Communication, has been produced based on the 'Welcome Package' for newly elected MEPs in the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee (June 2009). The note deals with food labelling current situation, challenges and priorities for the forthcoming legislation. It also assesses food labelling in the context of the implementation process in certain Member States. Moreover, a map with upcoming legislative deadlines on food labelling is set out in chapter 5. The final chapter outlines the main studies and publications related to food labelling discussed in the European Parliament during the previous mandate 2004-2009.

Kit di benvenuto sulla sicurezza alimentare

15-07-2009

Il "kit d'informazione" è stato richiesto dalla Commissione parlamentare Ambiente, Salute Pubblica e Sicurezza Alimentare in vista dell'attività del Parlamento europeo per il periodo 2009 - 2014. Il kit d'informazione é stato concepito come supporto informativo per i nuovi membri eletti a seguito delle elezioni europee del giugno 2009. L'obiettivo principale é quello di fornire un strumento di lavoro e di supporto durante il lavoro legislativo in materia di sicurezza alimentare nel prossimo mandato ...

Il "kit d'informazione" è stato richiesto dalla Commissione parlamentare Ambiente, Salute Pubblica e Sicurezza Alimentare in vista dell'attività del Parlamento europeo per il periodo 2009 - 2014. Il kit d'informazione é stato concepito come supporto informativo per i nuovi membri eletti a seguito delle elezioni europee del giugno 2009. L'obiettivo principale é quello di fornire un strumento di lavoro e di supporto durante il lavoro legislativo in materia di sicurezza alimentare nel prossimo mandato parlamentare (2009-2014). Il capitolo 2 presenta una rassegna completa della legislazione esistente in materia e offre una descrizione degli iter procedurali delle proposte attualmente in corso di discussione al Parlamento Europeo. Nei capitoli 3 e 4 si identificano le sfide e le priorità della programmazione legislativa, nonché sono analizzate le problematiche inerenti l'implementazione della legislazione europea e la trasposizione nei sistemi legislativi nazionali dei vari Paesi Membri. Il capitoli 5 propone delle "mappe strategiche d'insieme" delle principali scadenze del lavoro legislativo in corso, determinate dalle proposte in itinere e dalle conseguenti verifiche e revisioni. Tali mappe strategiche forniscono una visione d'insieme sino all'anno 2020. Infine, il capitolo 6 contiene una rassegna degli studi, della bibliografia esistente e dei seminari organizzati sui diversi argomenti correlati alla Sicurezza Alimentare trattati nel periodo 2003 - 2009.

Autore esterno

Antonio Aprea (CO.META)

The World Trade Organisation Negotiations in the Field of Agriculture and Food -Tthe Strategic Positions of the United States and China

15-05-2001

Autore esterno

Alan Matthews and K. Ingersent (Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland)

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