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Study in focus: International Climate Negotiations

05-11-2018

In view of the 24th Conference of the Parties (COP24) under the United Nations Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) in Katowice, Poland, in December 2018, the study by Neier et al. 2018 provides an overview of the current state of play of International Climate Negotiations. While it introduces the UNFCCC, its bodies and key terms, as well as milestones and key players in international climate negotiations, it summarises the negotiation process under the UNFCCC, related international developments as ...

In view of the 24th Conference of the Parties (COP24) under the United Nations Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) in Katowice, Poland, in December 2018, the study by Neier et al. 2018 provides an overview of the current state of play of International Climate Negotiations. While it introduces the UNFCCC, its bodies and key terms, as well as milestones and key players in international climate negotiations, it summarises the negotiation process under the UNFCCC, related international developments as well as the key issues ahead of COP24 and beyond.

Lotta contro il cambiamento climatico

01-02-2018

In occasione della conferenza delle Nazioni Unite tenutasi a Parigi nel dicembre 2015, le parti di tutto il mondo hanno concordato di limitare il riscaldamento globale ben al di sotto di 2°C rispetto ai livelli preindustriali. L'UE si è impegnata a ridurre entro il 2030 le emissioni di gas a effetto serra di almeno il 40 % al di sotto dei livelli del 1990, migliorando nel contempo l'efficienza energetica del 27 % e aumentando la quota di consumo di energia proveniente da fonti rinnovabili del 27  ...

In occasione della conferenza delle Nazioni Unite tenutasi a Parigi nel dicembre 2015, le parti di tutto il mondo hanno concordato di limitare il riscaldamento globale ben al di sotto di 2°C rispetto ai livelli preindustriali. L'UE si è impegnata a ridurre entro il 2030 le emissioni di gas a effetto serra di almeno il 40 % al di sotto dei livelli del 1990, migliorando nel contempo l'efficienza energetica del 27 % e aumentando la quota di consumo di energia proveniente da fonti rinnovabili del 27 %. Un meccanismo fondamentale nella lotta al cambiamento climatico è il sistema di scambio di quote di emissione dell'UE.

Energie rinnovabili

01-01-2018

Le fonti di energia rinnovabili (energia eolica, energia solare, energia idroelettrica, energia oceanica, energia geotermica, biomassa e biocarburanti) costituiscono alternative ai combustibili fossili che contribuiscono a ridurre le emissioni di gas a effetto serra, a diversificare l'approvvigionamento energetico e a ridurre la dipendenza dai mercati volatili e inaffidabili dei combustibili fossili, in particolare del petrolio e del gas. La legislazione UE sulla promozione delle energie rinnovabili ...

Le fonti di energia rinnovabili (energia eolica, energia solare, energia idroelettrica, energia oceanica, energia geotermica, biomassa e biocarburanti) costituiscono alternative ai combustibili fossili che contribuiscono a ridurre le emissioni di gas a effetto serra, a diversificare l'approvvigionamento energetico e a ridurre la dipendenza dai mercati volatili e inaffidabili dei combustibili fossili, in particolare del petrolio e del gas. La legislazione UE sulla promozione delle energie rinnovabili si è evoluta in maniera significativa negli ultimi anni. Il futuro quadro politico per il periodo post 2030 è in fase di discussione.

COP 23 climate change conference: Outcomes

29-11-2017

This year's COP 23 climate change conference was held from 6 to 17 November in Bonn, Germany, under the presidency of Fiji. The conference made progress on implementing the Paris Agreement, and agreed on a work plan for 2018. It also gave a strong signal that countries remain committed to the UN climate process, despite the United States' intention to withdraw from the Paris Agreement.

This year's COP 23 climate change conference was held from 6 to 17 November in Bonn, Germany, under the presidency of Fiji. The conference made progress on implementing the Paris Agreement, and agreed on a work plan for 2018. It also gave a strong signal that countries remain committed to the UN climate process, despite the United States' intention to withdraw from the Paris Agreement.

Implementing the Paris Agreement – New Challenges in View of the COP 23 Climate Change Conference

15-09-2017

This study summarises the developments leading to the adoption of the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015 and provides an overview of its contents. The further implementation process and the roles of the main Parties and other stakeholders are discussed, as well as related international developments and the challenges of the climate change conference in Bonn in November 2017. The study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and ...

This study summarises the developments leading to the adoption of the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015 and provides an overview of its contents. The further implementation process and the roles of the main Parties and other stakeholders are discussed, as well as related international developments and the challenges of the climate change conference in Bonn in November 2017. The study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

Climate and Energy policies in Poland

11-09-2017

• GHG emissions in Poland decreased strongly by 37% in the period 1990-2002, but after 2002 emissions grew by 3% until 2015. Poland has a growth target of 14% for the 2005-2020 period under the Effort Sharing Decision (ESD), and it is on track to reach this target because the actual emission increase is lower than expected in the ESD target. • Comparative indicators such as emission intensity indicate that Poland performs worse than most other Eastern European countries and average EU-28 Member ...

• GHG emissions in Poland decreased strongly by 37% in the period 1990-2002, but after 2002 emissions grew by 3% until 2015. Poland has a growth target of 14% for the 2005-2020 period under the Effort Sharing Decision (ESD), and it is on track to reach this target because the actual emission increase is lower than expected in the ESD target. • Comparative indicators such as emission intensity indicate that Poland performs worse than most other Eastern European countries and average EU-28 Member States in terms of emission reductions and decarbonisation in the energy sector which is due to its strong reliance on coal. • Recent decisions and revised legislation in 2017 in the energy sector will lead to an increased role of coal in energy supply compared to past plans and a much slower expansion of renewable energies than in recent years, in particular for wind power. • Polish plans in the energy sector will not contribute to significant further emission reductions in the future. As Poland is the fifth largest EU emitter, this may slow down overall EU progress in emission reductions.

Autore esterno

Anke Herold (Öko-Institut), Anne Siemons (Öko-Institut), Lidia Wojtal

RESEARCH FOR REGI COMMITTEE – Cohesion policy and Paris Agreement Targets

14-06-2017

This study examines experience of the mainstreaming of climate policy objectives into cohesion policy in the current (2014-2020) and earlier programming periods, including with respect to its urban dimension, and to territorial cooperation. It identifies the implications of the Paris Agreement on climate change, and makes recommendations for further development of climate mainstreaming in cohesion policy in future programming periods.

This study examines experience of the mainstreaming of climate policy objectives into cohesion policy in the current (2014-2020) and earlier programming periods, including with respect to its urban dimension, and to territorial cooperation. It identifies the implications of the Paris Agreement on climate change, and makes recommendations for further development of climate mainstreaming in cohesion policy in future programming periods.

Autore esterno

Martin NESBIT, Kamila PAQUEL and Andrea ILLES

Paris Agreement: United States withdrawal

09-06-2017

On 1 June 2017, US President Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the Paris Agreement on climate change and try to negotiate a deal that is more favourable to the USA. The withdrawal could come into effect in November 2020 at the earliest, coinciding with the next presidential elections in the USA. Global reactions to the announcement were mostly negative.

On 1 June 2017, US President Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the Paris Agreement on climate change and try to negotiate a deal that is more favourable to the USA. The withdrawal could come into effect in November 2020 at the earliest, coinciding with the next presidential elections in the USA. Global reactions to the announcement were mostly negative.

Clean Vehicles Directive

29-05-2017

According to a recent evaluation of the Clean Vehicles Directive performed by the European Commission, the directive seems to raise concerns about whether the incentives included in it actually reach their intended aim, notably to increase the demand for and deployment of cleaner vehicles. Indeed, performing the evaluation was a complicated task, due to the significant data gaps that were found. This was particularly true when evaluating the implementation of the directive and its associated impacts ...

According to a recent evaluation of the Clean Vehicles Directive performed by the European Commission, the directive seems to raise concerns about whether the incentives included in it actually reach their intended aim, notably to increase the demand for and deployment of cleaner vehicles. Indeed, performing the evaluation was a complicated task, due to the significant data gaps that were found. This was particularly true when evaluating the implementation of the directive and its associated impacts, notably due to the lack of structural monitoring at EU or Member State level and the limited amount of published research and stakeholder positions available. Yet, regardless of the insufficient data, the directive appears to have had little impact with regard to incentivising a market uptake of clean vehicles and has therefore had a very limited impact on reducing the greenhouse gas emissions and air pollutants emitted from publicly procured vehicles. Ultimately, the Commission decided to revise rather than withdraw the directive, In this review process, the Commission would ensure that some appropriate reporting requirements are included in the directive. In addition, as there appear to be some barriers to the use of the monetisation methodology, the Commission would be able to consider to further develop the information available on the Clean Vehicle Portal and to provide contracting authorities with further guidance. Finally, the scope could be improved for making the directive more effective and efficient.

Outcomes of COP 22 climate change conference

23-11-2016

The COP 22 climate change conference, which took place in Marrakech (Morocco) from 7-18 November 2016, also served as the first meeting of the parties to the Paris Agreement, which entered into force on 4 November 2016. The parties reaffirmed their commitment to the full implementation of the Paris Agreement and agreed to finalise the detailed rules for its implementation within two years.

The COP 22 climate change conference, which took place in Marrakech (Morocco) from 7-18 November 2016, also served as the first meeting of the parties to the Paris Agreement, which entered into force on 4 November 2016. The parties reaffirmed their commitment to the full implementation of the Paris Agreement and agreed to finalise the detailed rules for its implementation within two years.

Prossimi eventi

03-03-2020
Demographic Outlook for the EU in 2020: Understanding population trends in the EU
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Has the EU become a regulatory superpower? How it's rules are shaping global markets
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