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Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - November 2020

20-11-2020

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Strengthening transparency and integrity via the new ‘Independent Ethics Body’ (IEB)

31-10-2020

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, provides an overview of transparency and integrity-related elements in the current EU setting, covering both substantive elements (including, in particular, conflict of interest and revolving-doors) as well as the body in charge of ethical control and guidance. Based on a comparison covering France, Ireland and Canada, this study proposes an ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, provides an overview of transparency and integrity-related elements in the current EU setting, covering both substantive elements (including, in particular, conflict of interest and revolving-doors) as well as the body in charge of ethical control and guidance. Based on a comparison covering France, Ireland and Canada, this study proposes an ‘Independent Ethics Body’ (IEB) via a new interinstitutional agreement.

Autore esterno

FRISCHHUT Markus

Gender equality in the college of the European Court of Auditors

28-10-2020

This briefing on gender balance in the college of the European Court of Auditors aims to shed light on the balance between male and female members, from a historical perspective as the ECA has a reputation of being a rather male-dominated institution.

This briefing on gender balance in the college of the European Court of Auditors aims to shed light on the balance between male and female members, from a historical perspective as the ECA has a reputation of being a rather male-dominated institution.

EU Gender budgeting: where do we stand?

28-10-2020

Gender budgeting has a fundamental impact on inclusive and economic growth, fostering employment, reducing poverty, addressing ageing population and increasing Gross Domestic Product (GDP). According to the study of the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), the estimated impact of improved gender equality varies considerably across member states from 4% to 12% of GDP, depending on the present level of achievement of gender equality.

Gender budgeting has a fundamental impact on inclusive and economic growth, fostering employment, reducing poverty, addressing ageing population and increasing Gross Domestic Product (GDP). According to the study of the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), the estimated impact of improved gender equality varies considerably across member states from 4% to 12% of GDP, depending on the present level of achievement of gender equality.

Discarico per l'esercizio 2018: Seconde relazioni per il Consiglio europeo e il Consiglio e per il Comitato economico e sociale europeo

14-10-2020

Nel maggio 2020 il Parlamento europeo ha deciso di rinviare la decisione sulla concessione del discarico al Consiglio europeo e al Consiglio e al Comitato economico e sociale europeo (CESE) per l'esecuzione del bilancio per l'esercizio 2018 e ha espresso una serie di osservazioni. La commissione per il controllo dei bilanci del Parlamento ha esaminato nuovamente la situazione e, nelle sue seconde relazioni, raccomanda di non concedere il discarico a queste istituzioni. Le votazioni sulle seconde ...

Nel maggio 2020 il Parlamento europeo ha deciso di rinviare la decisione sulla concessione del discarico al Consiglio europeo e al Consiglio e al Comitato economico e sociale europeo (CESE) per l'esecuzione del bilancio per l'esercizio 2018 e ha espresso una serie di osservazioni. La commissione per il controllo dei bilanci del Parlamento ha esaminato nuovamente la situazione e, nelle sue seconde relazioni, raccomanda di non concedere il discarico a queste istituzioni. Le votazioni sulle seconde relazioni sul discarico sono previste per la tornata di ottobre II.

Open Plan Offices - The new ways of working. The advantages and disadvantages of open office space

30-09-2020

KEY FINDINGS Open office spaces are introduced for the following reason: - Saving costs on real estate. Real estate expenses are the second largest costs for a company. By creating more workplaces in the same amount of square meters costs can be reduced on buildings and maintenance. - Increase communication. If people are in closer proximity from one another and move around freely communication will increase. - Improve team work. As teams are now sharing the same space knowledge sharing will ...

KEY FINDINGS Open office spaces are introduced for the following reason: - Saving costs on real estate. Real estate expenses are the second largest costs for a company. By creating more workplaces in the same amount of square meters costs can be reduced on buildings and maintenance. - Increase communication. If people are in closer proximity from one another and move around freely communication will increase. - Improve team work. As teams are now sharing the same space knowledge sharing will increase both within the same team and across different teams. The following arguments oppose the introduction of open office spaces: - Loss of productivity. Employees are distracted faster because of noise or colleagues moving around. It takes on average 25 minutes to resume a task after distraction. In an open office space employees are distracted faster because of phone calls, people walking by or nearby conversations. - Problems with noise, temperature and fatigue. As said before, noise is one of the main distractions in an open office space. Temperature is managed centrally and it could therefore be too cold of one person and too warm for another. Fatigue is a side effect from noise and temperature and the fact that people have a constant overload of information with the introduction of multiple screens like phone, tablets and computer. - Increase of sickness. As employees are in closer proximity of one another diseases can spread faster. The spread of diseases raise the amount of sick days taken in a company. - Decrease of overall well-being of employees. The main cause for the diminishing of well-being is the level of stress. The idea of being watched all the time increases the levels of stress in an open office space.

Autore esterno

Alexandra Pouwels

Documenting climate mainstreaming in the EU budget - making the system more transparent, strigent and comprehensive

16-07-2020

This study examines the current methodologies used for tracking climate-related and biodiversity-related expenditure in the EU budget. It identifies strengths and weaknesses of the current methodologies, and examines proposed changes to the methodologies for the 2021-2027 financial perspective. On this basis, it identifies potential objectives for strengthening the tracking mechanisms, and puts forward suggested approaches to meeting those objectives.

This study examines the current methodologies used for tracking climate-related and biodiversity-related expenditure in the EU budget. It identifies strengths and weaknesses of the current methodologies, and examines proposed changes to the methodologies for the 2021-2027 financial perspective. On this basis, it identifies potential objectives for strengthening the tracking mechanisms, and puts forward suggested approaches to meeting those objectives.

Autore esterno

Martin NESBIT Thorfinn STAINFORTH Kaley HART Evelyn UNDERWOOD Gustavo BECERRA Institute for European Environmental Policy

Next Generation EU - Where are assigned revenue? Which impact in 2021?

15-07-2020

Exception to the budgetary principle of universality, assigned revenues flatten at 10.5 % in last years. In the emergency European Recovery Instrument, “Next Generation EU”, put forward by the Commission EUR 500 billion are external assigned revenue. In 2021, contributions from “Next Generation EU” are planned to provide an additional EUR 211.3 billion of assigned revenue. in 2021, assigned revenue will surge to EUR 220 000 million in commitments and EUR 46 100 million in payments, from a total ...

Exception to the budgetary principle of universality, assigned revenues flatten at 10.5 % in last years. In the emergency European Recovery Instrument, “Next Generation EU”, put forward by the Commission EUR 500 billion are external assigned revenue. In 2021, contributions from “Next Generation EU” are planned to provide an additional EUR 211.3 billion of assigned revenue. in 2021, assigned revenue will surge to EUR 220 000 million in commitments and EUR 46 100 million in payments, from a total amount of EUR 17 405.5 million in commitment appropriations and EUR 19 159.6 million in payments appropriations in 2019. On assigned revenue, the European Parliament is excluded from the decision-making process. Given the size of the amount in question, the budgetary treatment of external assigned revenue should be reassessed.

Pilot Projects and Preparatory Actions in the EU Budget 2014-2019

15-07-2020

This study performs a “reality check” of Pilot Projects and Preparatory Actions (PPPAs) included in the EU budget over 2014-2019 and assesses their use as a strategic political tool. It covers 324 PPPAs with an aggregate value of EUR 337 million to date. PPPAs can trigger new or fine-tune existing legislation or policy and generate important lessons learnt. However, there is no systematic data to assess their effectiveness. The study identifies a series of areas for improvement.

This study performs a “reality check” of Pilot Projects and Preparatory Actions (PPPAs) included in the EU budget over 2014-2019 and assesses their use as a strategic political tool. It covers 324 PPPAs with an aggregate value of EUR 337 million to date. PPPAs can trigger new or fine-tune existing legislation or policy and generate important lessons learnt. However, there is no systematic data to assess their effectiveness. The study identifies a series of areas for improvement.

Autore esterno

Blomeyer & Sanz Roderick ACKERMANN, Roland BLOMEYER, José PAPI, Margarita SANZ

Come i fondi UE affrontano i divari economici nell’Unione europea

13-07-2020

Nel valutare i benefici finanziari che gli Stati membri (SM) ottengono dall'Unione europea (UE) gli SM si concentrano principalmente sulle rispettive posizioni nette, ovvero il saldo netto tra i contributi nazionali e i trasferimenti ricevuti dal bilancio UE. Questa linea del "giusto ritorno" comporta diversi limiti e problemi e trascura completamente i benefici che gli Stati membri ottengono al di là dei semplici flussi finanziari riferibili al bilancio dell'UE. Gli Stati membri possono infatti ...

Nel valutare i benefici finanziari che gli Stati membri (SM) ottengono dall'Unione europea (UE) gli SM si concentrano principalmente sulle rispettive posizioni nette, ovvero il saldo netto tra i contributi nazionali e i trasferimenti ricevuti dal bilancio UE. Questa linea del "giusto ritorno" comporta diversi limiti e problemi e trascura completamente i benefici che gli Stati membri ottengono al di là dei semplici flussi finanziari riferibili al bilancio dell'UE. Gli Stati membri possono infatti trarre benefici indiretti dai vari interventi e politiche finanziati dal bilancio UE. I benefici creati possono anche riguardare l'UE nel suo complesso quando si tratta di politiche coordinate e finanziate dall'Unione in sostituzione o a integrazione di singole azioni non coordinate a livello di SM con conseguente creazione di ulteriore valore aggiunto dovuto all’instaurarsi di sinergie. Gli SM beneficiano anche degli investimenti diretti intra-UE, del commercio intra-UE e degli effetti di rete dell'UE. Pertanto, la "logica della posizione netta" potrebbe essere integrata da indicatori supplementari che forniscano un quadro più completo dei benefici complessivi derivanti agli Stati membri dall'adesione all'Unione e dal suo bilancio. Diverse opzioni di riforma interna al bilancio dell’UE potrebbero contribuire a superare la suddetta prospettiva.

Autore esterno

WIIW: Mr Robert Stehrer, Mr Roman Stöllinger, Mr Gabor Hunya, Ms Doris Hanzl-Weiss, Mr Mario Holzner, Mr Oliver Reiter WIFO: Ms Margit Schratzenstaller, Ms Julia Bachtrögler Blomeyer & Sanz: Ms Veronika Kubeková, Mr Roland Blomeyer

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