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Rafforzare le politiche di inclusione dei Rom

06-07-2020

La Commissione europea ha annunciato l'intenzione di adottare, entro la fine dell'anno, un quadro strategico dell'UE volto ad affrontare l'esclusione socioeconomica e la discriminazione nei confronti delle persone di origine Rom. Il Parlamento europeo sta elaborando raccomandazione dettagliate. Nel frattempo, per la tornata di luglio sono previste una discussione e dichiarazioni del Consiglio e della Commissione.

La Commissione europea ha annunciato l'intenzione di adottare, entro la fine dell'anno, un quadro strategico dell'UE volto ad affrontare l'esclusione socioeconomica e la discriminazione nei confronti delle persone di origine Rom. Il Parlamento europeo sta elaborando raccomandazione dettagliate. Nel frattempo, per la tornata di luglio sono previste una discussione e dichiarazioni del Consiglio e della Commissione.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - July 2020

03-07-2020

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Discriminatory Laws Undermining Women’s Rights

20-05-2020

This paper provides insight into the current situation and recent trends in the abolition or reform of discriminatory laws undermining women's rights in countries outside the European Union (EU). The paper aims to provide a nuanced understanding of processes through which legal reforms take place. Among the factors that have proven to facilitate legal reform are the ratification of international human rights treaties, feminist activism, legal and public advocacy by women’s rights and other human ...

This paper provides insight into the current situation and recent trends in the abolition or reform of discriminatory laws undermining women's rights in countries outside the European Union (EU). The paper aims to provide a nuanced understanding of processes through which legal reforms take place. Among the factors that have proven to facilitate legal reform are the ratification of international human rights treaties, feminist activism, legal and public advocacy by women’s rights and other human rights non-governmental organisations (NGOs), political dialogue, and increased women's representation in decision-making processes. Incremental steps supported by the EU towards the abolition of discriminatory laws across all legal categories, EU engagement with a broad range of stakeholders at both national and local levels, programmes supporting the gathering of gender-disaggregated data across all sectors and the publicising of data to draw attention to gender inequality in law and practice, among others, can all contribute towards successful reform of discriminatory laws. Striking the right balance between funding programmes that mainstream gender and funding dedicated to gender-targeted programmes, together with the increased use of country gender profiles, are essential in order to achieve quality legal reforms.

Autore esterno

Mr. Paul DALTON, Ms. Deniz DEVRIM, Mr. Roland BLOMEYER, Ms. Senni MUT-TRACY

The rights of LGBTI people in the European Union

18-05-2020

The prohibition of discrimination and the protection of human rights are important elements of the EU legal order. Nevertheless, discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people persists throughout the EU and takes various forms, including verbal abuse and physical violence. Sexual orientation is now recognised in EU law as grounds of discrimination. However, the scope of the provisions dealing with this issue is limited and does not cover social protection, ...

The prohibition of discrimination and the protection of human rights are important elements of the EU legal order. Nevertheless, discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people persists throughout the EU and takes various forms, including verbal abuse and physical violence. Sexual orientation is now recognised in EU law as grounds of discrimination. However, the scope of the provisions dealing with this issue is limited and does not cover social protection, healthcare, education or access to goods and services, leaving LGBTI people particularly vulnerable in these areas. Moreover, EU competence does not extend to recognition of marital or family status. In this area, national regulations vary, with some Member States offering same-sex couples the right to marry, others allowing alternative forms of registration, and yet others not providing any legal status for same-sex couples. Same-sex couples may or may not have the right to adopt children and to access assisted reproduction. These divergent legal statuses have implications, for instance, for partners from two Member States with different standards who want to formalise/legalise their relationship, or for same-sex couples and their families wishing to move to another Member State. Combating discrimination has become part of EU internal and external policies, and is the subject of numerous resolutions of the European Parliament. However, action in this area remains problematic when it touches on issues pertaining to areas traditionally the preserve of Member States, such as marital status and family law. This is a further updated version of a briefing originally drafted by Piotr Bakowski. The previous edition was published in May 2019.

Unaccompanied migrant children in Greece: New relocation scheme

15-05-2020

In response to increased migratory pressure in Greece along the EU's external border with Turkey in recent months, and following the Greek government's request for support under Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the European Commission has launched a new relocation scheme to speed up the relocation of unaccompanied minors from the Greek islands to other EU Member States. Commissioner for Home Affairs Ylva Johansson, who has been entrusted with taking this ...

In response to increased migratory pressure in Greece along the EU's external border with Turkey in recent months, and following the Greek government's request for support under Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the European Commission has launched a new relocation scheme to speed up the relocation of unaccompanied minors from the Greek islands to other EU Member States. Commissioner for Home Affairs Ylva Johansson, who has been entrusted with taking this process forward, will also work in coordination with the Greek government and stakeholders to find sustainable ways to ensure that unaccompanied minors staying in the first-line reception and identification centres ('hotspots') on the Greek islands receive the care and protection they are entitled to. Regardless of a child's reasons for migrating, their situation or status, they all are first and foremost children and have rights as such. Unaccompanied children or children who have been separated from their parents along the way, are, moreover, entitled to special protection under international human rights and European Union asylum law. All too often, however, their rights and needs are neglected. Human rights organisations have repeatedly denounced the precarious and difficult conditions in which unaccompanied minors are living in the Greek hotspots. The proposed relocation initiative is urgently needed. However, the ongoing political and academic debate also shows a clear need for more structural solutions, in the form of more solidarity and responsibility-sharing among EU Member States, and a coordinated, child rights-based approach to addressing the many protection gaps unaccompanied children face when arriving in Europe.

Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020: European Implementation Assessment

23-04-2020

This study provides a review of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies (NRIS) up to 2020. It was produced at the request of the Committee for Civil Liberties. Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) and the Committee for Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) to feed into the discussions regarding the post-2020 Framework. The study provides a synthesis of evaluations and opinions of the Framework. It gives an appreciation of the coordination, consultation and monitoring structures and the ...

This study provides a review of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies (NRIS) up to 2020. It was produced at the request of the Committee for Civil Liberties. Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) and the Committee for Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) to feed into the discussions regarding the post-2020 Framework. The study provides a synthesis of evaluations and opinions of the Framework. It gives an appreciation of the coordination, consultation and monitoring structures and the way they work out in practice. It also looks at the interplay with other EU legal, funding and policy instruments. It then reviews the main policy objectives, namely (Roma access to) education, employment, health, housing, as well as anti-discrimination and anti-gypsyism.

Employment and social situation in Germany

15-04-2020

This study of the labour market and social situation in Germany looks into major employment trends including atypical employment, unemployment and underemployment. It presents policy responses and major challenges for the future, such as digitisation and demographic change. Further, it explores policy action to fight poverty, trends in the German social partnership model and in the skills development system. Finally, it describes the contribution of the European Social Fund. The note covers aspects ...

This study of the labour market and social situation in Germany looks into major employment trends including atypical employment, unemployment and underemployment. It presents policy responses and major challenges for the future, such as digitisation and demographic change. Further, it explores policy action to fight poverty, trends in the German social partnership model and in the skills development system. Finally, it describes the contribution of the European Social Fund. The note covers aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Autore esterno

Nicola Duell, Tim Vetter

Istruzione e occupazione delle donne nella scienza, nella tecnologia e nell'economia digitale, compresa l'IA, e la relativa influenza sull'uguaglianza di genere

15-04-2020

Questo studio, commissionato dal Dipartimento tematico "Diritti dei cittadini e affari costituzionali" del Parlamento europeo su richiesta della commissione FEMM, evidenzia che esistono ancora pregiudizi di genere e disuguaglianze nei settori STEM (scienza, tecnologia, ingegneria, matematica) e nel settore digitale (ad esempio, tecnologie digitali, informatica, tecnologia dell'informazione, tecnologia dell'informazione e della comunicazione, Intelligenza artificiale, sicurezza informatica). Il presente ...

Questo studio, commissionato dal Dipartimento tematico "Diritti dei cittadini e affari costituzionali" del Parlamento europeo su richiesta della commissione FEMM, evidenzia che esistono ancora pregiudizi di genere e disuguaglianze nei settori STEM (scienza, tecnologia, ingegneria, matematica) e nel settore digitale (ad esempio, tecnologie digitali, informatica, tecnologia dell'informazione, tecnologia dell'informazione e della comunicazione, Intelligenza artificiale, sicurezza informatica). Il presente documento, preparato su richiesta della commissione FEMM (Dipartimento tematico "Diritti dei cittadini e affari costituzionali", Direzione generale delle Politiche interne), ha lo scopo di fornire una revisione aggiornata degli studi condotti sullo stato attuale dell'istruzione e dell'occupazione femminili nei campi delle discipline STEM e del settore digitale. A tal fine vengono esaminate le traiettorie corrispondenti, dall'istruzione primaria all'occupazione, nel tentativo di individuare gli ostacoli e le strozzature che impediscono l'uguaglianza di genere. Infine vengono avanzate proposte per ricerche, iniziative e politiche future che migliorino la partecipazione delle donne in questi settori.

Autore esterno

Prof. Dr. Zacharias C. Zacharia, Research in Science and Technology Education Group, Department of Educational Sciences, University of Cyprus Dr. Tasos Hovardas, Research in Science and Technology Education Group, University of Cyprus; Dr. Nikoletta Xenofontos, Research in Science and Technology Education Group, University of Cyprus Ms Ivoni Pavlou, Research in Science and Technology Education Group, University of Cyprus;Ms Maria Irakleous, Research in Science and Technology Education Group, University of Cyprus

Violenza contro le donne: violenza psicologica e controllo coercitivo

16-03-2020

Lo studio, commissionato dal dipartimento tematico "Diritti dei cittadini e affari costituzionali" del Parlamento europeo su richiesta della commissione FEMM, esamina la questione se la violenza psicologica contro le donne sia considerata reato negli Stati membri dell'UE oggetto dell'indagine, le modalità con cui vengono raccolti i dati in relazione a questa particolare forma di violenza basata sul genere e, in stretta correlazione con questo aspetto, le eventuali conseguenze sui diritti di affidamento ...

Lo studio, commissionato dal dipartimento tematico "Diritti dei cittadini e affari costituzionali" del Parlamento europeo su richiesta della commissione FEMM, esamina la questione se la violenza psicologica contro le donne sia considerata reato negli Stati membri dell'UE oggetto dell'indagine, le modalità con cui vengono raccolti i dati in relazione a questa particolare forma di violenza basata sul genere e, in stretta correlazione con questo aspetto, le eventuali conseguenze sui diritti di affidamento e di visita di chi commette questo tipo di violenza.

Autore esterno

Petra JENEY, European Institution of Public Administration, in collaboration with Clara COTRONEO, Igor DIZDAREVIC, Virgil-Ivan CUCU, Tomasz KRAMER, Juan Diego RAMÍREZ-CÁRDENAS DÍAZ, Roberta RIBEIRO OERTEL, European Institution of Public Administration

What if artificial intelligence made work obsolete?

02-03-2020

The world of work is regularly disrupted by technology development. From mass production to word processing, innovations have regularly transformed our working lives and, with them, the broader economic system. Artificial intelligence (AI) is the latest in a long line of such technologies. What would happen if AI worked just as well as (or perhaps better than) humans, without taking holidays, getting sick, joining unions or drawing salaries?

The world of work is regularly disrupted by technology development. From mass production to word processing, innovations have regularly transformed our working lives and, with them, the broader economic system. Artificial intelligence (AI) is the latest in a long line of such technologies. What would happen if AI worked just as well as (or perhaps better than) humans, without taking holidays, getting sick, joining unions or drawing salaries?

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