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European Maritime, Fisheries and Aquaculture Fund

23-09-2021

As part of the budget framework for the 2021-2027 period, the European Union has adopted new rules on funding dedicated to the Common Fisheries Policy and the Integrated Maritime Policy. Based on a Commission proposal of June 2018, Parliament adopted its first reading position in April 2019. After lengthy interinstitutional negotiations, started after the 2019 elections, political agreement was reached on 4 December 2020. Compared to the previous period, the new fund gives Member States more flexibility ...

As part of the budget framework for the 2021-2027 period, the European Union has adopted new rules on funding dedicated to the Common Fisheries Policy and the Integrated Maritime Policy. Based on a Commission proposal of June 2018, Parliament adopted its first reading position in April 2019. After lengthy interinstitutional negotiations, started after the 2019 elections, political agreement was reached on 4 December 2020. Compared to the previous period, the new fund gives Member States more flexibility in defining their own measures, as long as they support the priorities and are not part of a list of ineligible measures. Departing from the Commission proposal, the co legislators have extended support for the small-scale fleet to vessels between 12 and 24 metres in length. The fleet aid provisions allow support for the first acquisition of a vessel by a young fisherman, for the modernisation of engines, and for operations that improve safety, working conditions or energy efficiency. A greater focus on aquaculture is reflected in its inclusion in the name of the fund. Preferential aid is provided for outermost regions. At least 15 % of Member States' allocations should be spent on control and data collection. Following its adoption by the Council, Parliament adopted the agreed text in plenary on 6 July 2021, closing the procedure at second reading. The new regulation entered into force on 14 July and applies retroactively from January 2021. Sixth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure

Support for the EU fishing sector through the Brexit Adjustment Reserve

02-09-2021

The United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union has had a significant impact on several sectors, including EU fisheries, which face a 25 % reduction of their catch value in UK waters. To mitigate the short-term impact on the worst affected countries and sectors, the Commission proposed a €5 billion fund, the Brexit adjustment reserve. In a political agreement on the proposal, now to be formally confirmed by both, the co legislators included Parliament’s proposal to earmark a minimum level ...

The United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union has had a significant impact on several sectors, including EU fisheries, which face a 25 % reduction of their catch value in UK waters. To mitigate the short-term impact on the worst affected countries and sectors, the Commission proposed a €5 billion fund, the Brexit adjustment reserve. In a political agreement on the proposal, now to be formally confirmed by both, the co legislators included Parliament’s proposal to earmark a minimum level of support for the fisheries sector, in particular small-scale coastal fisheries that depend on fishing activities in UK waters.

Brexit Adjustment Reserve

15-07-2021

As part of the preparations for the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union, the European Council agreed in July 2020 to create a Brexit adjustment reserve within the special instruments outside the budget ceilings of the European Union's multiannual financial framework, with a budget of €5 billion to counter unforeseen and adverse consequences in Member States and sectors that are most affected. The Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on the Brexit adjustment reserve on 25 ...

As part of the preparations for the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union, the European Council agreed in July 2020 to create a Brexit adjustment reserve within the special instruments outside the budget ceilings of the European Union's multiannual financial framework, with a budget of €5 billion to counter unforeseen and adverse consequences in Member States and sectors that are most affected. The Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on the Brexit adjustment reserve on 25 December 2020. The reserve will support public expenditure incurred by Member States from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2023 for eligible measures, which include support for affected sectors, training, and new border facilities. Funding will be available for all Member States, distributed in several allocation tranches, with 80 % of the resources due to be allocated to Member States in the form of pre-financing, to be disbursed in 2021, 2022 and 2023, and the remainder to be made available in 2025, where applicable. Each country's allocation is calculated based on the importance of its trade with the UK and, where applicable, its dependence on fisheries in UK waters and the size of the population of maritime border regions with the UK. In the European Parliament, the file was assigned to the Committee on Regional Development, which adopted its report on 25 May 2021. A final political trilogue meeting took place on 17 June 2021, confirming the political agreement reached between the Council and Parliament. That agreement now needs to be formally adopted in plenary, expected in September 2021, and then by the Council. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

At a glance note for Research for PECH committee: Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on EU fisheries and aquaculture

14-07-2021

This study analyses the effects of COVID-19 on the EU fisheries and aquaculture sectors from March to December 2020. It gives an overview of the main effects experienced at EU level and develops eight case studies (Spain, Denmark, France, Italy, Sweden, Greece, Portugal and Bulgaria). The research also provides conclusions and policy recommendations to strengthen the sector’s resilience to shocks, and to address current vulnerabilities in view of potential similar events. The study was commissioned ...

This study analyses the effects of COVID-19 on the EU fisheries and aquaculture sectors from March to December 2020. It gives an overview of the main effects experienced at EU level and develops eight case studies (Spain, Denmark, France, Italy, Sweden, Greece, Portugal and Bulgaria). The research also provides conclusions and policy recommendations to strengthen the sector’s resilience to shocks, and to address current vulnerabilities in view of potential similar events. The study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies, at the request of the PECH Committee.

Autore esterno

Cogea: Alessandro PITITTO, Diletta RAINONE, Valentina SANNINO AND International: Tanguy CHEVER, Lucas HERRY, Sibylle PARANT, Safa SOUIDI CETMAR: Marta BALLESTEROS, Rosa CHAPELA, José L. SANTIAGO

Ricerca per la commissione PECH – Impatti della pandemia di COVID-19 sulla pesca e sull'acquacoltura dell'UE

07-07-2021

La pesca e l'acquacoltura sono stati tra i settori alimentari che hanno risentito in modo più immediato dell'impatto del COVID-19. Inizialmente, la maggior parte dei paesi ha cercato di garantire la salute e la sicurezza, chiudendo i porti, mettendo in quarantena le navi straniere, sospendendo i mercati del pesce all'aperto, sanificando i porti e i pescherecci, fornendo mascherine ai lavoratori e sensibilizzando in merito alle misure sanitarie.

La pesca e l'acquacoltura sono stati tra i settori alimentari che hanno risentito in modo più immediato dell'impatto del COVID-19. Inizialmente, la maggior parte dei paesi ha cercato di garantire la salute e la sicurezza, chiudendo i porti, mettendo in quarantena le navi straniere, sospendendo i mercati del pesce all'aperto, sanificando i porti e i pescherecci, fornendo mascherine ai lavoratori e sensibilizzando in merito alle misure sanitarie.

Autore esterno

Cogea: Alessandro PITITTO, Diletta RAINONE, Valentina SANNINO AND International: Tanguy CHEVER, Lucas HERRY, Sibylle PARANT, Safa SOUIDI CETMAR: Marta BALLESTEROS, Rosa CHAPELA, José L. SANTIAGO

Fondo europeo per gli affari marittimi, la pesca e l'acquacoltura

01-07-2021

Durante la tornata di luglio, il Parlamento voterà in seconda lettura sul testo concordato con il Consiglio sul Fondo europeo per gli affari marittimi, la pesca e l'acquacoltura (FEAMPA) 2021 2027. Con un bilancio di circa 6 miliardi di EUR, è il principale strumento finanziario a sostegno della politica comune della pesca. Rispetto alla proposta della Commissione, i co legislatori hanno esteso gli aiuti alla flotta alle navi da 12 a 24 metri, ma a condizioni rigorose.

Durante la tornata di luglio, il Parlamento voterà in seconda lettura sul testo concordato con il Consiglio sul Fondo europeo per gli affari marittimi, la pesca e l'acquacoltura (FEAMPA) 2021 2027. Con un bilancio di circa 6 miliardi di EUR, è il principale strumento finanziario a sostegno della politica comune della pesca. Rispetto alla proposta della Commissione, i co legislatori hanno esteso gli aiuti alla flotta alle navi da 12 a 24 metri, ma a condizioni rigorose.

Gestione della pesca nell'Atlantico nord-occidentale

21-06-2021

Durante la plenaria di giugno II il Parlamento dovrebbe votare un accordo provvisorio con il Consiglio sul recepimento delle misure di gestione della pesca per l'Atlantico nord-occidentale. In qualità di parte contraente dell'Organizzazione della pesca nell'Atlantico nord-occidentale (NAFO), l'Unione europea deve recepire le misure da essa adottate in modo che siano applicabili alle navi battenti la bandiera degli Stati membri dell'UE. L'accordo prevede inoltre che la Commissione europea sia investita ...

Durante la plenaria di giugno II il Parlamento dovrebbe votare un accordo provvisorio con il Consiglio sul recepimento delle misure di gestione della pesca per l'Atlantico nord-occidentale. In qualità di parte contraente dell'Organizzazione della pesca nell'Atlantico nord-occidentale (NAFO), l'Unione europea deve recepire le misure da essa adottate in modo che siano applicabili alle navi battenti la bandiera degli Stati membri dell'UE. L'accordo prevede inoltre che la Commissione europea sia investita di nuovi poteri in modo da agevolare un recepimento più veloce in futuro.

Outermost regions of the EU

25-05-2021

The European Union's outermost regions qualify for special treatment owing to structural difficulties – such as remoteness, difficult topography and economic dependence on a few products – that can severely hamper their development. Specific support mechanisms exist under cohesion, agricultural and fisheries policies, with the Commission outlining measures aimed at assisting outermost regions in communications published in 2004, 2008, and 2012. Nevertheless, with the outermost regions continuing ...

The European Union's outermost regions qualify for special treatment owing to structural difficulties – such as remoteness, difficult topography and economic dependence on a few products – that can severely hamper their development. Specific support mechanisms exist under cohesion, agricultural and fisheries policies, with the Commission outlining measures aimed at assisting outermost regions in communications published in 2004, 2008, and 2012. Nevertheless, with the outermost regions continuing to face numerous challenges in areas such as mobility, unemployment and climate change, discussions were launched on the formulation of a new strategy, which was published in October 2017. Offering a new approach to supporting the outermost regions' development by optimising their assets, exploiting new opportunities for growth and jobs, and focusing more on their specific circumstances and needs, the 2017 communication outlines a series of concrete and coordinated actions, calling for stronger partnership between outermost regions, Member States and the EU. In May 2018, the Commission put forward a broad package of proposals for the 2021-2027 period, providing the legislative framework needed to guide the strategy beyond 2020, taking account of the specific needs of outermost regions in a total of 21 proposals. Following political agreement between the European Parliament and Council, this new framework includes a number of new benefits for outermost regions, such as the right to use EU funds for investments in airport infrastructure, and extends many special measures from the 2014-2020 period. Published in March 2020, the European Commission report on implementation of the recommendations of the 2017 communication considers that concrete results have been delivered and that the process is going in the right direction. Yet with development continuing to lag behind in the outermost regions, it is clear that challenges persist, a situation that has been compounded by the heavy impact of the coronavirus pandemic in the outermost regions. This has led to calls for a new strategy, with European Commissioner Elisa Ferreira recently announcing plans to present a new communication in 2022. In light of the serious structural challenges facing these regions, however, it remains to be seen whether a future strategy and the special measures put forward for the post-2020 period will together be sufficient to close the inequalities gap with the rest of the EU. This is a revised and updated version of a briefing from May 2020.

EU climate action in ocean governance and fisheries policy

22-04-2021

Marine resources are a vital and growing source of food for human consumption, while oceans also play an important role in climate regulation. Scientific evidence shows that the climate system has changed rapidly in recent decades, with the oceans greatly mitigating the effects of climate change by absorbing excess heat and human-made carbon emissions. The velocity of the effects of climate change leaves little room for adaptation, causing both declines in abundance and geographic shifts in fish ...

Marine resources are a vital and growing source of food for human consumption, while oceans also play an important role in climate regulation. Scientific evidence shows that the climate system has changed rapidly in recent decades, with the oceans greatly mitigating the effects of climate change by absorbing excess heat and human-made carbon emissions. The velocity of the effects of climate change leaves little room for adaptation, causing both declines in abundance and geographic shifts in fish populations. As a result, people who rely heavily on seafood and fisheries for their livelihoods run the risk of income loss and food insecurity. The European Green Deal places climate action at the heart of a wide range of new legislative and non-legislative initiatives and includes ambitious goals such as achieving climate-neutrality by 2050 and preserving and protecting biodiversity. The new 'farm to fork' strategy addresses the challenges of sustainability in the food supply chain and, in the area of seafood, highlights the imminent update of the strategic guidelines on aquaculture, the goal to support the algae industry and the focus on climate change in the 2022 common fisheries policy review. In its biodiversity strategy, the Commission proposes a new binding target of 30 % marine protected areas in EU waters by 2030, a target supported by Parliament. A reduction in fishing pressure could also offset the environmental impacts of climate change. The last reform of the common fisheries policy marked an important milestone by requiring fish stocks to be restored and maintained above levels capable of producing the maximum sustainable yield. An own-initiative report from Parliament's Committee on Fisheries focuses specifically on the impact of rising seawater temperatures on fish stocks and fisheries. The oceans can be harnessed to help to close the emissions gap however, by unlocking their renewable offshore energy potential. In its offshore renewable energy strategy, the Commission aims to reach a deployment of 300 GW in offshore wind capacity by 2050, a 20-fold increase compared to today. Another own-initiative report from Parliament's Committee on Fisheries looks into the impact on the fishing sector of offshore wind and other renewable energy systems.

Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing

31-03-2021

The IUU Regulation (1005/2008) is the core of the EU’s legal framework for action against global IUU fishing. Its primary objective is to prevent, deter and eliminate the trade of IUU-caught products into the EU. One of its key components is a multiple-step procedure for dealing with non-EU countries considered uncooperative in the fight against IUU fishing. Fifth edition. This infographic further updates an earlier one of February 2020. For more information on IUU fishing and the EU's IUU Regulation ...

The IUU Regulation (1005/2008) is the core of the EU’s legal framework for action against global IUU fishing. Its primary objective is to prevent, deter and eliminate the trade of IUU-caught products into the EU. One of its key components is a multiple-step procedure for dealing with non-EU countries considered uncooperative in the fight against IUU fishing. Fifth edition. This infographic further updates an earlier one of February 2020. For more information on IUU fishing and the EU's IUU Regulation 1005/2008, see EPRS briefing: PE 614.598.

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