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Research for REGI Committee - Artificial Intelligence and Urban Development

15-09-2021

This At a glance note summarises the research paper that explores the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in urban areas, and its impact on socio-economic and territorial cohesion. The research paper argues that expectations surrounding AI are high, especially in the context of smart-city initiatives, but that the actual benefits are yet to be fully assessed. To avoid potential risks, local and urban authorities need to fulfil a series of conditions that are inherently challenging. The EU’s AI Policy ...

This At a glance note summarises the research paper that explores the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in urban areas, and its impact on socio-economic and territorial cohesion. The research paper argues that expectations surrounding AI are high, especially in the context of smart-city initiatives, but that the actual benefits are yet to be fully assessed. To avoid potential risks, local and urban authorities need to fulfil a series of conditions that are inherently challenging. The EU’s AI Policy and its Cohesion Policy, in particular, may help, but they need to address the territorial dimension of AI more explicitly.

Riserva di adeguamento alla Brexit

08-09-2021

Con il recesso del Regno Unito dall'unione doganale e dal mercato unico dell'UE creando nuovi ostacoli al commercio, alla mobilità e agli scambi con il Regno Unito, che interessano molte imprese in tutta l'UE, la riserva di adeguamento alla Brexit mira a fornire agli Stati membri un sostegno finanziario per coprire i costi sostenuti in relazione alla Brexit. Durante la tornata di settembre 2021, il Parlamento procederà a una votazione in prima lettura sul testo concordato nell'ambito dei negoziati ...

Con il recesso del Regno Unito dall'unione doganale e dal mercato unico dell'UE creando nuovi ostacoli al commercio, alla mobilità e agli scambi con il Regno Unito, che interessano molte imprese in tutta l'UE, la riserva di adeguamento alla Brexit mira a fornire agli Stati membri un sostegno finanziario per coprire i costi sostenuti in relazione alla Brexit. Durante la tornata di settembre 2021, il Parlamento procederà a una votazione in prima lettura sul testo concordato nell'ambito dei negoziati interistituzionali.

European Union Solidarity Fund

03-09-2021

Established in 2002 to support disaster-stricken regions, the European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) complements the efforts of public authorities by helping to fund vital emergency and recovery operations in areas affected by catastrophes such as flooding, earthquakes and forest fires. EUSF funding is granted following an application from a Member State or candidate country, and may be used to finance measures including restoring infrastructure to working order, providing temporary accommodation ...

Established in 2002 to support disaster-stricken regions, the European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) complements the efforts of public authorities by helping to fund vital emergency and recovery operations in areas affected by catastrophes such as flooding, earthquakes and forest fires. EUSF funding is granted following an application from a Member State or candidate country, and may be used to finance measures including restoring infrastructure to working order, providing temporary accommodation and cleaning up disaster areas. Although the EUSF Regulation was revised in 2014, simplifying rules and clarifying eligibility criteria, several problems still remain. European Commission reports on the EUSF have drawn attention to the long waiting time countries still face before receiving EUSF funding, while industry experts also point to the risk that the EUSF could run out of funding in the event of several large disasters taking place within a short space of time. The coronavirus pandemic has placed the EUSF under the spotlight once again, with the scope of the EUSF Regulation extended in March 2020 to cover support in the event of a major public health emergency, and 17 Member States plus three candidate countries receiving vital assistance. The European Parliament has been actively involved in recent discussions on the EUSF, adopting a resolution on the review of the EUSF in May 2021 which included several measures aimed at improving its operations, and preparing a report on the effectiveness of Member States' use of EUSF money in cases of natural disasters. While the 2014 revision of the EUSF Regulation and the widening of its scope in 2020 have borne fruit, allowing the EUSF to provide unprecedented levels of support after the 2016/2017 earthquakes in Italy, ensuring much needed assistance in response to the coronavirus pandemic, the EUSF will undergo a number of changes during 2021-2027. In particular, the merger of the EUSF with the Emergency Aid Reserve as part of the new Solidarity and Emergency Aid Reserve under the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework, with a combined budget of €1.2 billion for both instruments, raises questions as to whether the EUSF will be able to continue to provide such effective levels of disaster recovery assistance in future. The July 2021 floods in Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, and the recent forest fires in Cyprus, Greece and Italy are a potent reminder of the EU's vulnerability in the face of the unpredictable forces of nature.

Research for REGI Committee - Artificial Intelligence and Urban Development

30-07-2021

This research paper explores the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in urban areas, and its impact on socio-economic and territorial cohesion. It argues that expectations surrounding AI are high, especially in the context of smart-city initiatives, but that the actual benefits are yet to be fully assessed. To avoid potential risks, local and urban authorities need to fulfil a series of conditions that are inherently challenging. The EU’s AI Policy and its Cohesion Policy, in particular, may help ...

This research paper explores the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in urban areas, and its impact on socio-economic and territorial cohesion. It argues that expectations surrounding AI are high, especially in the context of smart-city initiatives, but that the actual benefits are yet to be fully assessed. To avoid potential risks, local and urban authorities need to fulfil a series of conditions that are inherently challenging. The EU’s AI Policy and its Cohesion Policy, in particular, may help, but they need to address the territorial dimension of AI more explicitly.

Autore esterno

Julie PELLEGRIN, Louis COLNOT, Laura DELPONTE

Brexit Adjustment Reserve

15-07-2021

As part of the preparations for the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union, the European Council agreed in July 2020 to create a Brexit adjustment reserve within the special instruments outside the budget ceilings of the European Union's multiannual financial framework, with a budget of €5 billion to counter unforeseen and adverse consequences in Member States and sectors that are most affected. The Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on the Brexit adjustment reserve on 25 ...

As part of the preparations for the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union, the European Council agreed in July 2020 to create a Brexit adjustment reserve within the special instruments outside the budget ceilings of the European Union's multiannual financial framework, with a budget of €5 billion to counter unforeseen and adverse consequences in Member States and sectors that are most affected. The Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on the Brexit adjustment reserve on 25 December 2020. The reserve will support public expenditure incurred by Member States from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2023 for eligible measures, which include support for affected sectors, training, and new border facilities. Funding will be available for all Member States, distributed in several allocation tranches, with 80 % of the resources due to be allocated to Member States in the form of pre-financing, to be disbursed in 2021, 2022 and 2023, and the remainder to be made available in 2025, where applicable. Each country's allocation is calculated based on the importance of its trade with the UK and, where applicable, its dependence on fisheries in UK waters and the size of the population of maritime border regions with the UK. In the European Parliament, the file was assigned to the Committee on Regional Development, which adopted its report on 25 May 2021. A final political trilogue meeting took place on 17 June 2021, confirming the political agreement reached between the Council and Parliament. That agreement now needs to be formally adopted in plenary, expected in September 2021, and then by the Council. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Connecting Europe Facility 2021-2027: Financing key EU infrastructure networks

01-07-2021

The EU supports the development of high-performing, sustainable and interconnected trans-European networks in the areas of transport, energy and digital infrastructure. It set up the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) as a dedicated financing instrument for the 2014-2020 period, to channel EU funding into the development of infrastructure networks, help eliminate market failures and attract further investment from the public and private sectors. Following a mid-term evaluation, the European Commission ...

The EU supports the development of high-performing, sustainable and interconnected trans-European networks in the areas of transport, energy and digital infrastructure. It set up the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) as a dedicated financing instrument for the 2014-2020 period, to channel EU funding into the development of infrastructure networks, help eliminate market failures and attract further investment from the public and private sectors. Following a mid-term evaluation, the European Commission proposed to renew the programme under the long term EU budget for the 2021-2027 period. In the 2014-2019 term, the Council and the European Parliament provisionally agreed on the content, leaving aside the budget and the questions relating to third countries. Negotiations resumed in the present term, reflecting the Commission’s revised MFF proposal of May 2020 and the European Council conclusions of July 2020. Final details were agreed on 11 March 2021. The agreement has already been confirmed by the responsible parliamentary committees TRAN and ITRE, and the Council subsequently adopted its first-reading position on 14 June 2021. The Parliament is expected to vote at second reading during the July plenary session. Once adopted, the new CEF regulation will apply retroactively from 1 January 2021. Fifth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale e Fondo di coesione 2021-2027

21-06-2021

Nell'ambito del quadro finanziario pluriennale 2021-2027 e del pacchetto per la politica di coesione per il medesimo periodo, il 29 maggio 2018 la Commissione europea ha adottato una proposta di regolamento relativo al Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale e al Fondo di coesione. Il regolamento proposto stabilisce le norme per l'attuazione di tali fondi, compresi i requisiti di concentrazione tematica e le attività ammissibili. Durante la tornata di giugno II, il Parlamento europeo procederà a una ...

Nell'ambito del quadro finanziario pluriennale 2021-2027 e del pacchetto per la politica di coesione per il medesimo periodo, il 29 maggio 2018 la Commissione europea ha adottato una proposta di regolamento relativo al Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale e al Fondo di coesione. Il regolamento proposto stabilisce le norme per l'attuazione di tali fondi, compresi i requisiti di concentrazione tematica e le attività ammissibili. Durante la tornata di giugno II, il Parlamento europeo procederà a una votazione in seconda lettura sul testo concordato a seguito dei negoziati interistituzionali.

Regolamento recante disposizioni comuni 2021-2027

21-06-2021

Nel contesto del quadro finanziario pluriennale (QFP) 2021-2027, la Commissione europea ha adottato una proposta di regolamento recante disposizioni comuni, che stabilisce norme comuni per otto fondi dell'UE: il Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale, il Fondo di coesione, il Fondo sociale europeo Plus, il Fondo per una transizione giusta, il Fondo europeo per gli affari marittimi, la pesca e l'acquacoltura, il Fondo Asilo, migrazione integrazione, il Fondo sicurezza interna e lo Strumento per la gestione ...

Nel contesto del quadro finanziario pluriennale (QFP) 2021-2027, la Commissione europea ha adottato una proposta di regolamento recante disposizioni comuni, che stabilisce norme comuni per otto fondi dell'UE: il Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale, il Fondo di coesione, il Fondo sociale europeo Plus, il Fondo per una transizione giusta, il Fondo europeo per gli affari marittimi, la pesca e l'acquacoltura, il Fondo Asilo, migrazione integrazione, il Fondo sicurezza interna e lo Strumento per la gestione delle frontiere e i visti. Il Parlamento europeo voterà in seconda lettura nel corso della tornata di giugno II il testo approvato del regolamento sulle disposizioni comuni a seguito dei negoziati interistituzionali.

European territorial cooperation (ETC)

21-06-2021

Better known as Interreg, European territorial cooperation is one of the most visible examples of how EU Member States can work together for the common good. Gradually growing in importance since its creation 30 years ago, its budget has increased tenfold in this period, with ETC acquiring its own regulation for 2014-2020. The proposal for a new ETC regulation is part of the post 2020 cohesion package, with the European Parliament expected to vote at second reading at its June II plenary session ...

Better known as Interreg, European territorial cooperation is one of the most visible examples of how EU Member States can work together for the common good. Gradually growing in importance since its creation 30 years ago, its budget has increased tenfold in this period, with ETC acquiring its own regulation for 2014-2020. The proposal for a new ETC regulation is part of the post 2020 cohesion package, with the European Parliament expected to vote at second reading at its June II plenary session on the text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations.

European Regional Development Fund and Cohesion Fund 2021-2027

21-06-2021

In the context of the Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF) on 29 May 2018. The new single regulation on the ERDF and CF (previously covered by two separate regulations) identifies the specific objectives and scope of support for both funds, including non-eligible activities. The majority of ERDF funding (55 % to 85 %) will focus on smart growth and the ...

In the context of the Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF) on 29 May 2018. The new single regulation on the ERDF and CF (previously covered by two separate regulations) identifies the specific objectives and scope of support for both funds, including non-eligible activities. The majority of ERDF funding (55 % to 85 %) will focus on smart growth and the green economy, while the fund will also support other activities such as connectivity, social issues and local development. The CF will continue to focus predominantly on environmental and transport infrastructure. Special provisions have been proposed for territories such as urban areas and outermost regions. The indicator framework for monitoring progress will include new common results indicators. In the European Parliament, the file was allocated to the Committee on Regional Development, and on 27 March 2019 the Parliament adopted a legislative resolution in plenary constituting its first-reading position. On 28 May 2020, the Commission published an amended proposal to enable recovery from the coronavirus pandemic. A final political trilogue meeting took place on 9 February 2021, sealing agreement between the Council and the European Parliament. The Parliament is expected to vote on the draft regulation at its June II plenary. Fourth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

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