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This briefing paper investigates the practice of close cooperation and examines the banking system performance in Bulgaria and Croatia. The factors that could pose risks to Bulgarian and Croatian banks are identified.

The close cooperation arrangement for Bulgaria and Croatia poses challenges for the ECB that we discuss in terms of existing and emerging risks and vulnerabilities in the two banking sectors. The focus is on three risk areas: money laundering, climate change risk, and geopolitical tensions related to the Russia-Ukraine conflict. The high political and economic uncertainty arising from this conflict requires a reassessment of existing risks (such as credit and sovereign risks) and sources of new risks ...

North Macedonia was the first Western Balkan country to conclude a stabilisation and association agreement with the EU in 2004; just one year later, it became a candidate country. However, bilateral disputes with Greece and Bulgaria have blocked accession negotiations so far.

EU legislation requires Member States to adopt national energy and climate plans (NECPs) for the 2021-2030 period in order to contribute to the EU's binding climate and energy targets for 2030. Each individual final NECP has been assessed by the European Commission. The assessments were published in October 2020. A high proportion of Bulgarians (61 %) expect national governments to tackle climate change. Bulgaria submitted its final NECP in March 2020, taking into consideration the recommendations ...

Draft Amending Budget No 1/2020 (DAB 1/2020) would provide additional funds to help address the needs arising from the increased migration pressures in Greece, assist Member States to limit the impact of the coronavirus outbreak through meeting needs for equipment and medical products, and contribute to Albania's post-earthquake reconstruction. The European Parliament is expected to vote, under the urgent procedure, on the Council position on DAB 1/2020 during the 16-17 April plenary session.

Fact-finding visit to Bulgaria

Briefing 05-02-2020

The PETI Committee decided to organise a fact-finding visit to Bulgaria as a result of a relatively large number of petitions it has received from Bulgarian citizens on the Bulgarian Code of Civil Procedure (CCP). Petitioners allege breaches of consumer rights, corruption, the role of bailiffs, violation of the right to a fair trial, and breaches of Directive 93/13/EEC on unfair terms in consumer contracts. The aim of the visit is to hear the petitioners and to investigate and discuss the subject ...

Zdravko Marić, Minister of Finance of Croatia, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of President of the ECOFIN Council during the Croatian Presidency (January-June 2020). In accordance with the Treaty of the Union, “Member States shall regard their economic policies as a matter of common concern and shall coordinate them within the Council”. This briefing provides an overview of the Croatian Presidency priorities in ECON matters, including the deepening of EMU, and the Council’ ...

In June, the Heads of State or Government of the countries sharing the euro currency will discuss ways to improve the functioning of the euro area. French President Emmanuel Macron has proposed an ambitious reform plan, but Germany, the euro area’s economic powerhouse, is more cautious. Despite continued growth, after years of stagnation, the euro area needs better governance to meet future challenges, economic analysts say. They add that recent political developments in Italy may complicate the ...

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Toomas Tõniste, Minister of Finance of Estonia, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of the outgoing President of the ECOFIN Council following the Estonia’s Presidency (July - December 2017). Vladislav Goranov, Minister of Finance of Bulgaria, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of the incoming President of the ECOFIN Council during the Bulgaria’s Presidency (January - July 2018). This briefing provides an overview of the main achievements of the Estonian Presidency ...