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The coexistence of 27 different national tax systems in the European Union brings about significant obstacles to cross border business activity in the European Single Market. The objective of this study is to show the context and developments in European secondary law that have led to the current situation or, at least, have not yet resolved it. In addition, perspectives are shown as to how the described obstacles to cross border investment in the Internal Market can be countered both in the short ...

This study evaluates the European Parliament's accountability instruments in the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) in light of their comparability to existing arrangements in monetary policy. The analysis shows that the Inter-Institutional Agreement with the European Central Bank in banking supervision did not result in a significantly different accountability relationship than the one between the two institutions in monetary policy. The results are based on interviews with Members of the European ...

This study evaluates selected aspects of the Commission's AML/CFT reform package presented on 20 July 2021, focusing on two main topics. First, it analyses the AML Authority direct supervisory powers and their effectiveness. Second, it illustrates how the reform package intends to foster coordination and information sharing among the FIUs. Recommendations are provided in order to remedy the gaps and weaknesses identified. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific ...

'This is Europe' – an initiative proposed by the President of the European Parliament, Roberta Metsola – consists of a series of debates with EU leaders to discuss their visions for the future of the European Union. On 22 June, the Prime Minister of Croatia, Andrej Plenković, was the third EU leader to address the Parliament since its Conference of Presidents endorsed the initiative on 28 April. Mr Plenković considered Croatia to be at the centre of EU integration and expressed his support for more ...

The second Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID II) and the Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation (MiFIR) are the principal texts regulating investment services and activities in the EU. Following an extensive consultation and in light of the recent developments in the context of the coronavirus pandemic, the European Commission proposed the establishment of an EU-wide consolidated tape for shares, bonds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and derivatives, as well as making targeted ...

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB), Andrea Enria, which will take place on 30 June 2022. The briefing addresses: 1) latest developments regarding completion of the Banking Union, 2) excessive leverage, 3) the ECB’s Annual Report on supervisory activities 2021, 4) conduct risk, 5) a snapshot of the euro area banking sector one quarter after the start of the war in Ukraine, 6) statistics on loans subject ...

Inflation has risen to levels not seen in 40 years in the euro area or in many other countries, forcing some central banks to raise interest rates in a context that bodes ill for economic growth. Initially driven by post-pandemic supply shortages and then by soaring energy prices, following Russia's invasion of Ukraine, inflation is now becoming increasingly broadly based, affecting everything from food and services to household goods. Dissatisfaction with the rising cost of living is leading to ...

The IA is based on solid internal and external sources, in particular several ESMA review reports, and stakeholder consultations. However, the definitions of both the problems and the objectives lack consistency and coherence, as the lines between problems, their drivers and consequences are blurred and objectives seem to overlap (and shift). This weakens the IA's intervention logic. The policy options presented to tackle the problems are assessed against two baseline scenarios, which is unusual. ...

On 26 July 2012, then ECB President Mario Draghi gave the so-called “whatever it takes” speech, today widely considered as the turnaround point in the European sovereign debt crisis. Shortly after, the European Central Bank (ECB) announced the details of its outright monetary transactions programme (OMT) tool. The speech, together with the OMT announcement, were enough to remove re-denomination risk from sovereign bond markets. OMT was never actually used. 10 years after, in a context of record-high ...

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), Christine Lagarde, which will take place on 20 June 2022. The aim of the meeting is to discuss recent developments in macroprudential policy field, potential systemic risks looming ahead, notably the impact of the Russia-Ukraine conflict. The briefing provides (i) summaries of the issues highlighted by the ESRB in its letters to the European Parliament; (ii) the risks building-up ...