17

Rezultatas(-ai)

Žodis(-iai)
Publikacijos rūšis
Politikos sritis
Autorius
Raktinis žodis
Datą

Revision of the Drinking Water Directive

15-04-2019

On 1 February 2018, the European Commission published a proposal for a recast of the Directive on the quality of water intended for human consumption (the Drinking Water Directive). The proposal responds to the European Citizens' Initiative, Right2Water, and builds on a fitness check which concluded that the 20-year old directive is fit for purpose, but needs updating. The main elements of the proposal consist of updating the water quality standards, introducing a risk-based approach to the monitoring ...

On 1 February 2018, the European Commission published a proposal for a recast of the Directive on the quality of water intended for human consumption (the Drinking Water Directive). The proposal responds to the European Citizens' Initiative, Right2Water, and builds on a fitness check which concluded that the 20-year old directive is fit for purpose, but needs updating. The main elements of the proposal consist of updating the water quality standards, introducing a risk-based approach to the monitoring of water, improving and streamlining the information provided to consumers, harmonising the standards for products in contact with drinking water, and imposing obligations to improve access to water. In the European Parliament, the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) adopted its report on 10 September 2018. A plenary vote on the amendments, and on opening interinstitutional negotiations, took place on 23 October 2018. Although the Council reached a general approach on 5 March 2019, the Parliament concluded its first reading in plenary on 28 March 2019. Trilogue negotiations in view of reaching an early-second reading agreement could thus begin in the new parliamentary term.

India: environmental issues

10-04-2019

The entire south Asian region is threatened by climate change. Changes in average weather conditions are likely to create hotspots across the region and have negative impacts on living standards and gross domestic product (GDP). India is at the core of this trend: it ranks 14th in the last United Nations global climate risk index and in 2017 it was the second most-affected country in terms of casualties related to extreme weather. Air quality in Indian cities is quickly deteriorating and it is today ...

The entire south Asian region is threatened by climate change. Changes in average weather conditions are likely to create hotspots across the region and have negative impacts on living standards and gross domestic product (GDP). India is at the core of this trend: it ranks 14th in the last United Nations global climate risk index and in 2017 it was the second most-affected country in terms of casualties related to extreme weather. Air quality in Indian cities is quickly deteriorating and it is today worse than the situation in China: in the 2018 World Health Organization (WHO) global ambient air quality database, 11 of the 12 cities with the highest levels of small particulate – PM2.5 – are located in India. Air pollution goes hand in hand with poverty: in 2016 an estimated 790 million people (almost 60 % of the Indian population), still relied on biomass for cooking. Deforestation, water pollution, clean water shortages, and waste management are further issues of concern. The Indian authorities have taken several initiatives to tackle these issues. In 2008, the first national plan on climate change (NAPCC) outlined eight 'national missions' running up to 2017. India is a leader in the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change. It is a founding member of the International Solar Alliance and has ambitious targets in terms of solar power energy. It has launched a national clean air programme (NCAP) to combat air pollution. Prime Minister's Narendra Modi government has launched several flagship initiatives on environment, including a clean cooking scheme, Clean India, Clean Ganga, and Smart Cities Mission. The EU supports Delhi's efforts on tackling its environment challenges. At their March 2016 summit, the EU and India agreed on two joint declarations: on an India-EU water partnership and on a clean energy and climate partnership. The joint declaration on partnership for smart and sustainable urban development signed at the India-EU Summit in October 2017 is the framework for EU support for India's urbanisation challenges.

Revision of the drinking water directive

27-03-2018

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal, submitted on 1 February 2018 and referred to the European Parliament's Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal, submitted on 1 February 2018 and referred to the European Parliament's Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

What if animal farming were not so bad for the environment?

08-02-2017

What options exist, especially in terms of new technologies, for reducing the carbon footprint of the livestock industry, how effective might they be, and what could be done to encourage their implementation? The livestock industry is responsible for around 14.5 % of global greenhouse gas emissions. The magnitude of this percentage is due to the emission of large amounts of methane and nitrous oxide, which both result in greater global warming than carbon dioxide per gram of gas released. The main ...

What options exist, especially in terms of new technologies, for reducing the carbon footprint of the livestock industry, how effective might they be, and what could be done to encourage their implementation? The livestock industry is responsible for around 14.5 % of global greenhouse gas emissions. The magnitude of this percentage is due to the emission of large amounts of methane and nitrous oxide, which both result in greater global warming than carbon dioxide per gram of gas released. The main cause of livestock methane emissions is the digestive process in ruminants, such as cattle and sheep. In these animals, food is fermented, generating methane which is burped out. Nitrous oxide is generated through the application of fertilisers for animal feed production. This is also the case with crops grown for human consumption, but, as most of the energy stored in crops is lost when they are fed to animals, emissions due to fertilisers are much greater per calorie of animal produce than of plant produce. Both gases are produced by the storage of manure and its application as a fertiliser. In addition, carbon dioxide is emitted through burning fossil fuels for purposes such as fertiliser production, operation of farm machinery and transport of goods.

Water legislation: Cost of Non-Europe Report

20-05-2015

This ‘Cost of Non-Europe’ report examines the state of implementation of current EU Water Legislation and identifies the cost of the lack of further European action in this field. The assessment made of existing water legislation confirms that there are still implementation gaps and areas of poor performance. The examination of five case studies, where it was believed that a significant potential exists for further EU action, served to demonstrate that there are several barriers which hinder the ...

This ‘Cost of Non-Europe’ report examines the state of implementation of current EU Water Legislation and identifies the cost of the lack of further European action in this field. The assessment made of existing water legislation confirms that there are still implementation gaps and areas of poor performance. The examination of five case studies, where it was believed that a significant potential exists for further EU action, served to demonstrate that there are several barriers which hinder the achievement of the goals set in the legislation. More European action would accordingly be necessary to limit the impact on Europe's water quality of flooding or of pharmaceutical residues. To limit the use of fresh water more generally, there is a need for European coordination to increase the use of water-efficient equipment and water-metering.  This research makes a cautious estimate that the benefits of full implementation of existing legislation could reach 2.8 billion euro per year. The study also demonstrates that further European action in this field could provide further added value, representing a ‘cost of non-Europe’ of some 25 billion euro per year.

Unconventional gas and oil in North America

25-06-2014

Over the past decade, the United States and Canada have experienced spectacular growth in the production of unconventional fossil fuels, notably shale gas and tight oil, thanks to technological innovations such as horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing (fracking).

Over the past decade, the United States and Canada have experienced spectacular growth in the production of unconventional fossil fuels, notably shale gas and tight oil, thanks to technological innovations such as horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing (fracking).

Impacts of Shale Gas Extraction on the Environment and on Human Health – 2012 Update

15-10-2012

This study discusses the possible impacts of hydraulic fracturing on the environment and on human health updating a study published in 2011. Detailed studies of environmental risks arising from unconventional gas extraction activities have been published recently on European and national levels substantially broadening and deepening the scientific basis. However, knowledge and availability of information are still limited. High risks are identified in a number of environmental aspects, notably when ...

This study discusses the possible impacts of hydraulic fracturing on the environment and on human health updating a study published in 2011. Detailed studies of environmental risks arising from unconventional gas extraction activities have been published recently on European and national levels substantially broadening and deepening the scientific basis. However, knowledge and availability of information are still limited. High risks are identified in a number of environmental aspects, notably when taking into account the cumulative risks of multiple installations typical for unconventional gas activities.

Išorės autorius

Matthias ALTMANN, Werner Weindorf and Werner ZITTEL (Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH) , Stefan LECHTENBÖHMER (Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy)

Briefing Note for ENVI Delegation to Calabria

15-11-2011

This document aims at providing an overview on the evolution of environmental legislation in Italy. A specific analysis is devoted to rules governing administrative competences in environmental matters. This framework on environmental law should therefore allow the reader a better understanding of the context in which the environmental performances of the Region Calabria, as described in the concluding chapter.

This document aims at providing an overview on the evolution of environmental legislation in Italy. A specific analysis is devoted to rules governing administrative competences in environmental matters. This framework on environmental law should therefore allow the reader a better understanding of the context in which the environmental performances of the Region Calabria, as described in the concluding chapter.

Išorės autorius

Barbara Pozzo (Milano, Italy)

Skalūnų dujų ir skalūnų alyvos gavybos poveikis aplinkai ir žmonių sveikatai

15-06-2011

Šiame tyrime aptariamas galimas hidraulinio ardymo poveikis aplinkai ir žmonių sveikatai. Kiekybiniai duomenys ir kokybinis poveikis dėstomas pagal JAV patirtį, nes skalūnų dujų gavyba Europoje dar tik pradedama, o JAV turi daugiau kaip 40 metų patirtį ir yra padariusi daugiau kaip 50 000 gręžinių. Kritiškai įvertinus esamą literatūrą ir atlikus nuosavus skaičiavimus, įvertinamas ir išmetamų šiltnamio efektą sukeliančių dujų kiekis. Apžvelgiami su hidraulinio ardymo veikla susiję Europos teisės aktai ...

Šiame tyrime aptariamas galimas hidraulinio ardymo poveikis aplinkai ir žmonių sveikatai. Kiekybiniai duomenys ir kokybinis poveikis dėstomas pagal JAV patirtį, nes skalūnų dujų gavyba Europoje dar tik pradedama, o JAV turi daugiau kaip 40 metų patirtį ir yra padariusi daugiau kaip 50 000 gręžinių. Kritiškai įvertinus esamą literatūrą ir atlikus nuosavus skaičiavimus, įvertinamas ir išmetamų šiltnamio efektą sukeliančių dujų kiekis. Apžvelgiami su hidraulinio ardymo veikla susiję Europos teisės aktai ir pateikiamos rekomendacijos tolesniam darbui. Atsižvelgiant į dabartinę tradiciniu būdu išgaunamų dujų pasiūlą ir galimą jos raidą ateityje, aptariami galimi dujų ištekliai ir būsimas skalūnų dujų prieinamumas.

Išorės autorius

Stefan LECHTENBÖHMER (Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy), Matthias ALTMANN (Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH), Sofia CAPITO (Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH), Zsolt MATRA (Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH), Werner WEINDRORF (Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH) and Werner ZITTEL (Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH)

Environmental challenges facing China

12-03-2010

China is facing a plethora of environmental challenges, most a result of rapid economic development, which is linked to heavy industrialisation. These challenges include air pollution, contamination and scarcity of water, desertification, and acid rain. The public lacks information on environmental hazards or contentious projects. Recognising many of these problems, Beijing has taken various measures since the mid-2000s, for instance on energy efficiency, renewable energy, pollution and water scarcity ...

China is facing a plethora of environmental challenges, most a result of rapid economic development, which is linked to heavy industrialisation. These challenges include air pollution, contamination and scarcity of water, desertification, and acid rain. The public lacks information on environmental hazards or contentious projects. Recognising many of these problems, Beijing has taken various measures since the mid-2000s, for instance on energy efficiency, renewable energy, pollution and water scarcity. However, many laws are not enforced at local and regional levels.

Būsimi renginiai

28-10-2020
Climate Change and Health
Seminaras -
ENVI
28-10-2020
Public Hearing "Women and digitalisation"
Klausymas -
FEMM AIDA
28-10-2020
Worskhop on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Seminaras -
PETI

Partneriai