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European Day of Languages: Digital survival of lesser-used languages

23-09-2020

Since 2001, Europe has marked European Day of Languages each year on 26 September, in order to focus attention on its rich linguistic diversity. The European Union boasts 24 official languages, and around 60 regional and minority languages are spoken across the Member States. Europe's linguistic mosaic also includes a variety of sign languages spoken by half a million people, heritage languages such as ancient Greek and Latin, as well as Esperanto – a planned international language created in Europe ...

Since 2001, Europe has marked European Day of Languages each year on 26 September, in order to focus attention on its rich linguistic diversity. The European Union boasts 24 official languages, and around 60 regional and minority languages are spoken across the Member States. Europe's linguistic mosaic also includes a variety of sign languages spoken by half a million people, heritage languages such as ancient Greek and Latin, as well as Esperanto – a planned international language created in Europe. According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco), many world languages, including European ones, are endangered and could disappear due to the dominant role of languages such as English with a huge population of native speakers and other learners. Regional and minority languages (RMLs) together with smaller state languages – the 'lesser-used languages' – are under serious threat of extinction. This threat is exacerbated by digital technology. The future of RMLs depends to some extent on their presence in new digital media. Young people communicate and seek information mainly via the internet. If online content is only available in dominant languages, lesser-used languages could become 'digitally extinct'. However, digital technology is not necessarily a death sentence; it can also offer a rescue kit. Online education, online language learning and language technologies can help revitalise endangered languages. To achieve this objective, huge efforts are needed by speakers' communities and language technology specialists to gather data, analyse and process it, in order to create language tools. With such tools, young people can create content in lesser-used languages and expand their use.

International Year of Indigenous Languages – Sami people and languages in the EU

08-01-2020

Indigenous languages are the essence of indigenous peoples' culture and traditions. They constitute the majority of the almost 7 000 languages spoken all over the world, yet, tragically, almost half of them are threatened with extinction. The loss of an indigenous language results in the loss of culture, tradition and ancestral knowledge, mainly botanical, gathered throughout the ages by those who speak it, resulting also in the loss of biodiversity. In light of this, the UN General Assembly declared ...

Indigenous languages are the essence of indigenous peoples' culture and traditions. They constitute the majority of the almost 7 000 languages spoken all over the world, yet, tragically, almost half of them are threatened with extinction. The loss of an indigenous language results in the loss of culture, tradition and ancestral knowledge, mainly botanical, gathered throughout the ages by those who speak it, resulting also in the loss of biodiversity. In light of this, the UN General Assembly declared 2019 the International Year of Indigenous Languages.

Remaining 'united in diversity' thanks to multilingualism

21-09-2018

The diversity underpinning the European project is embodied in the harmonious co-existence of 24 official languages. Following the success of the European Year of Languages (2001), the Council of Europe designated 26 September as the European Day of Languages. The European Parliament has consistently acted to support endangered languages and linguistic diversity in the EU, calling on the EU and the Member States to commit resources to their protection and promotion. In May 2018, the European Commission ...

The diversity underpinning the European project is embodied in the harmonious co-existence of 24 official languages. Following the success of the European Year of Languages (2001), the Council of Europe designated 26 September as the European Day of Languages. The European Parliament has consistently acted to support endangered languages and linguistic diversity in the EU, calling on the EU and the Member States to commit resources to their protection and promotion. In May 2018, the European Commission put forward a proposal aimed at improving the teaching and learning of languages.

Democratic Transition and Linguistic Minorities in Estonia and Latvia

16-05-2018

Upon request by the PETI Committee, the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs commissioned this in-depth analysis on Democratic Transition and Linguistic Minorities in Estonia and Latvia. The writer claims that in order to understand the situation of political representation rights of ethnic and linguistic minorities in Estonia and Latvia it is essential to provide a historical-political framework that contextualizes the presence of such substantial minorities in the ...

Upon request by the PETI Committee, the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs commissioned this in-depth analysis on Democratic Transition and Linguistic Minorities in Estonia and Latvia. The writer claims that in order to understand the situation of political representation rights of ethnic and linguistic minorities in Estonia and Latvia it is essential to provide a historical-political framework that contextualizes the presence of such substantial minorities in the two countries and justifies the type of relationship existing with the majority of nation holder. He also suggests that from one side, full integration is the goal that needs to be pursued, while at the same time it's important to ensure the cultural and national values of Latvians and Estonians.

Išorės autorius

Angela DI GREGORIO

FACT-FINDING VISIT TO LUSATIA, GERMANY. 14-16 February 2018

08-02-2018

This briefing note was prepared by the Policy Department for the PETI Committee and provides background information on the region of Lusatia in Germany. In particular it contains background information on the Sorb population of this region and on various aspects concerning the lignite mining activities and its consequences for the population, the economy and the environment of the region.

This briefing note was prepared by the Policy Department for the PETI Committee and provides background information on the region of Lusatia in Germany. In particular it contains background information on the Sorb population of this region and on various aspects concerning the lignite mining activities and its consequences for the population, the economy and the environment of the region.

KULTŪROS IR ŠVIETIMO KOMITETO UŽSAKYTAS TYRIMAS „MAŽUMŲ KALBOS IR ŠVIETIMAS. GERIAUSIA PATIRTIS IR PAVOJAI“

15-02-2017

Šiame pranešime pateikiama išsami trylikos kalbų atvejų lyginamoji analizė siekiant išsiaiškinti mažumų kalbų vartojimo Europos švietimo sistemoje padėtį. Apibūdinami geriausios patirties požymiai ir pabrėžiami mažumų kalbų vartojimo iššūkiai, su kuriais susiduriama švietimo sistemoje. Ypač daug dėmesio skiriama profesiniam rengimui ir karjeros perspektyvoms. Be to, šiame pranešime pateikiamos rekomendacijos, kaip ES galėtų padėti skatinti mažumų kalbų vartojimą švietimo sistemoje.

Šiame pranešime pateikiama išsami trylikos kalbų atvejų lyginamoji analizė siekiant išsiaiškinti mažumų kalbų vartojimo Europos švietimo sistemoje padėtį. Apibūdinami geriausios patirties požymiai ir pabrėžiami mažumų kalbų vartojimo iššūkiai, su kuriais susiduriama švietimo sistemoje. Ypač daug dėmesio skiriama profesiniam rengimui ir karjeros perspektyvoms. Be to, šiame pranešime pateikiamos rekomendacijos, kaip ES galėtų padėti skatinti mažumų kalbų vartojimą švietimo sistemoje.

Išorės autorius

Rixt VAN DONGERA, Drs. Cor VAN DER MEER and Richt STERK

Endangered languages in the EU

20-04-2015

Many languages currently spoken in Europe are endangered and some are at imminent risk of extinction. Though education and language policies remain the competence of Member States, the EU has taken initiatives to promote multilingualism and preserve its linguistic diversity, including measures in support of regional or minority languages. A decline in linguistic diversity has been increasingly acknowledged to entail losses in terms of knowledge and cultural heritage.

Many languages currently spoken in Europe are endangered and some are at imminent risk of extinction. Though education and language policies remain the competence of Member States, the EU has taken initiatives to promote multilingualism and preserve its linguistic diversity, including measures in support of regional or minority languages. A decline in linguistic diversity has been increasingly acknowledged to entail losses in terms of knowledge and cultural heritage.

Endangered languages in the EU

05-09-2013

In line with wider global trends, many languages currently spoken in Europe are endangered and some are at imminent risk of extinction.

In line with wider global trends, many languages currently spoken in Europe are endangered and some are at imminent risk of extinction.

Europos kalbos, kurioms gresia išnykimas, ir Europos Sąjungos kalbų įvairovė

15-03-2013

Atsižvelgiant į didelę Europoje vartojamų kalbų įvairovę šiame dokumente analizuojamos galimos kai kurių iš šių kalbų išnykimo pasekmės ir aptariama, kokias priemones reikia numatyti siekiant apsaugoti jų išlikimą ir ateitį.

Atsižvelgiant į didelę Europoje vartojamų kalbų įvairovę šiame dokumente analizuojamos galimos kai kurių iš šių kalbų išnykimo pasekmės ir aptariama, kokias priemones reikia numatyti siekiant apsaugoti jų išlikimą ir ateitį.

Išorės autorius

Meirion Prys Jones

The EU and multilingualism

21-11-2011

Democracy, transparency and the commitment to promote cultural and linguistic diversity account for the EU's unique multilingual structure based on 23 official languages. As a result of successive enlargements, the multilingual challenge has reached a completely new dimension – in terms of size, complexity, and policy relevance.

Democracy, transparency and the commitment to promote cultural and linguistic diversity account for the EU's unique multilingual structure based on 23 official languages. As a result of successive enlargements, the multilingual challenge has reached a completely new dimension – in terms of size, complexity, and policy relevance.

Būsimi renginiai

16-06-2021
Public hearing on “Future of EU-UK fisheries relations after Brexit”
Klausymas -
PECH
16-06-2021
FISC meets with Finance Committee of the Assemblée nationale
Kitas renginys -
FISC
16-06-2021
Joint Hearing on "How to treat farmers in a fair and equal manner across the EU"
Klausymas -
PETI AGRI

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