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EU policies – Delivering for citizens: Energy supply and security

28-06-2019

Energy policy is a competence shared between the EU and its Member States. Whereas the EU has responsibility under the Treaties to ensure security of supply, Member States are responsible for determining the structure of their energy supply and their choice of energy sources. EU legislation on security of supply focuses on natural gas and electricity markets, and is closely related to other EU objectives: consolidating a single energy market, improving energy efficiency, and promoting renewable energy ...

Energy policy is a competence shared between the EU and its Member States. Whereas the EU has responsibility under the Treaties to ensure security of supply, Member States are responsible for determining the structure of their energy supply and their choice of energy sources. EU legislation on security of supply focuses on natural gas and electricity markets, and is closely related to other EU objectives: consolidating a single energy market, improving energy efficiency, and promoting renewable energy sources to decarbonise the economy and meet the Paris Agreement goals. The 2014-2019 legislature saw numerous initiatives in connection with security of supply. The EU institutions reached agreement on a revised regulation on security of gas supply, a revised regulation on security of electricity supply, a revised decision on intergovernmental agreements in the energy field, a targeted revision of the gas directive to apply its key provisions to pipelines with third countries, and also new targets for energy efficiency and renewables by 2030. Parliament also adopted several own-initiative resolutions in the energy field, including one on the new EU strategy on liquefied natural gas and gas storage, which is key to gas supply security. Meanwhile, EU projects of common interest (PCIs) finance energy infrastructure that improves interconnection and supports security of supply. There is growing expectation among EU citizens that the EU will step up its involvement in energy supply and security. Whereas this view was shared by just over half of EU citizens in 2016 (52 %), it is now expressed by roughly two thirds (65 %). The EU will retain a key role in monitoring security of supply throughout the energy transition from the old system of centralised generation dominated by fossil fuels in national markets, towards a new system characterised by a high share of renewables, more localised production and cross-border markets. However, the EU would need to use a special legislative procedure if it wanted to intervene directly in determining the energy supply of its Member States. This procedure requires decision-making by unanimity in Council and only a consultative role for the Parliament. This is an update of an earlier briefing issued in advance of the 2019 European elections.

Common rules for gas pipelines entering the EU internal market

27-05-2019

In November 2017, the European Commission adopted a legislative proposal to fully apply key provisions of the 2009 Gas Directive to gas pipelines between the European Union (EU) and third countries. Member States would need to cooperate with third countries to ensure full compliance with EU rules. The revised directive was seen by many observers as a part of the broader EU response to the Gazprom-led Nord Stream 2 project, which the European Commission publicly opposes. The Parliament adopted its ...

In November 2017, the European Commission adopted a legislative proposal to fully apply key provisions of the 2009 Gas Directive to gas pipelines between the European Union (EU) and third countries. Member States would need to cooperate with third countries to ensure full compliance with EU rules. The revised directive was seen by many observers as a part of the broader EU response to the Gazprom-led Nord Stream 2 project, which the European Commission publicly opposes. The Parliament adopted its position on the gas directive in plenary on April 2018, whereas the Council adopted its general approach on 8 February 2019. This was swiftly followed by a single trilogue meeting on 12 February 2019 at which the EU institutions reached a provisional agreement. The agreed text was later formally adopted by Parliament and Council, and entered into force on 23 May 2019. Fourth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Connecting Europe Facility 2021-2027: Financing key EU infrastructure networks

08-04-2019

The EU supports the development of high-performing, sustainable and interconnected trans-European networks in the areas of transport, energy and digital infrastructure. The trans-European networks policy was consolidated in 2013, and the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) set up as a dedicated financing instrument to channel EU funding into the development of infrastructure networks, help eliminate market failures and attract further investment from the public and private sectors. Following a mid-term ...

The EU supports the development of high-performing, sustainable and interconnected trans-European networks in the areas of transport, energy and digital infrastructure. The trans-European networks policy was consolidated in 2013, and the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) set up as a dedicated financing instrument to channel EU funding into the development of infrastructure networks, help eliminate market failures and attract further investment from the public and private sectors. Following a mid-term evaluation, which confirmed the CEF programme's capacity to bring significant EU added value, the European Commission proposed to renew the programme under the next long term EU budget. The Transport Council of 3 December 2018 agreed a partial general approach on the proposal, excluding financial and horizontal issues, which are still under discussion as part of the EU budget for 2021-2027. The European Parliament adopted its negotiating position on 12 December 2018. Interinstitutional negotiations (trilogues) concluded on 8 March with a partial provisional agreement on the architecture of the future programme. Having been endorsed by Coreper and jointly by the Parliament's TRAN and ITRE committees, the agreement is due to be voted at first reading by Parliament in April. The remaining issues will have to be agreed at second reading. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

New rules for the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER)

14-03-2019

On 30 November 2016, the European Commission presented a legislative proposal for a regulation on the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER), as part of the ‘clean energy for all Europeans’ legislative package. The proposed regulation recasts the legislation establishing the agency (Regulation (EC) No 713/2009), adapting it to changes in the energy markets and addressing the need for enhanced regional cooperation. It gives ACER a stronger role in the development of network codes and ...

On 30 November 2016, the European Commission presented a legislative proposal for a regulation on the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER), as part of the ‘clean energy for all Europeans’ legislative package. The proposed regulation recasts the legislation establishing the agency (Regulation (EC) No 713/2009), adapting it to changes in the energy markets and addressing the need for enhanced regional cooperation. It gives ACER a stronger role in the development of network codes and the coordination of regional decision-making. It furthermore assigns it a number of new tasks related to the regional operational centres that are to be established, the supervision of nominated electricity market operators and the assessment of generation adequacy and risk preparedness. In the European Parliament, the proposal has been referred to the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), which adopted its report in February 2018. A provisional trilogue agreement was reached on 11 December 2018. Parliament is expected to vote on the agreement during the March II 2019 plenary session. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Risk-preparedness in the electricity sector

08-02-2019

On 30 November 2016, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on risk-preparedness in the electricity sector. This proposal addresses shortcomings in the existing legislation, notably a lack of regional coordination, and differing national rules and procedures. It would replace the existing legislation, and establish common rules on crisis prevention and crisis management in the electricity sector. Regional interdependencies would be taken into account in the preparation of national ...

On 30 November 2016, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on risk-preparedness in the electricity sector. This proposal addresses shortcomings in the existing legislation, notably a lack of regional coordination, and differing national rules and procedures. It would replace the existing legislation, and establish common rules on crisis prevention and crisis management in the electricity sector. Regional interdependencies would be taken into account in the preparation of national riskpreparedness plans and in managing crisis situations. The proposed regulation would enhance transparency by requiring an ex-post evaluation of crisis situations. In the European Parliament, the proposal was referred to the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), which adopted its report in February 2018. In November 2018, Council and Parliament reached an agreement in trilogue negotiations. The ITRE committee approved the text on 23 January 2019 and it needs now to be voted in plenary. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Sector coupling: how can it be enhanced in the EU to foster grid stability and decarbonise?

19-11-2018

Sector coupling involves the increased integration of energy end-use and supply sectors with one another. This can improve the efficiency and flexibility of the energy system as well as its reliability and adequacy. Additionally, sector coupling can reduce the costs of decarbonisation. To foster the full potential of sector coupling in several end-use and supply applications, it is important that existing techno-economic, policy and regulatory barriers are removed. Furthermore, a more integrated ...

Sector coupling involves the increased integration of energy end-use and supply sectors with one another. This can improve the efficiency and flexibility of the energy system as well as its reliability and adequacy. Additionally, sector coupling can reduce the costs of decarbonisation. To foster the full potential of sector coupling in several end-use and supply applications, it is important that existing techno-economic, policy and regulatory barriers are removed. Furthermore, a more integrated approach to energy systems planning is needed. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy.

Išorės autorius

Luc VAN NUFFEL, João GORENSTEIN DEDECCA, Tycho SMIT, Koen RADEMAEKERS, Trinomics B.V.

Establishing the Connecting Europe Facility 2021-2027

13-11-2018

This initial appraisal assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment accompanying its proposal for establishing the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) for the 2021-2027 period. CEF is an EU funding instrument designed to promote and part-finance the construction of pivotal cross border transport, energy and telecommunications infrastructure links between the EU's Member States. The proposal intends to support the achievement of the EU policy objectives in the ...

This initial appraisal assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment accompanying its proposal for establishing the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) for the 2021-2027 period. CEF is an EU funding instrument designed to promote and part-finance the construction of pivotal cross border transport, energy and telecommunications infrastructure links between the EU's Member States. The proposal intends to support the achievement of the EU policy objectives in the transport, energy and digital sectors as regards the trans-European networks and to support cross-border cooperation between Member States on renewables planning and deployment. The appraisal concludes that the impact assessment (IA) provides a good description of the policy challenges of the new CEF based on the mid-term evaluation of the programme. The IA envisages a change in the scope for the digital and energy sectors. Alternative options are identified for the energy sector only. The IA would have benefited from better illustrating if, and in case how, the preferred option would take advantage from the existing, or forthcoming, legislation in establishing the envisaged enabling framework for cross-border cooperation on renewables. The IA does not discuss social or environmental impacts of the proposed measures and economic impacts are discussed for the energy sector only. Potential impacts on SMEs are not discussed, although SMEs might have deserved some analysis considering the specific objectives of the trans-European networks for the digital sector. An analysis regarding the impact on competitiveness appears to be missing as well. The final version of the IA appears to have addressed almost entirely the improvements requested by the Regulatory Scrutiny Board.

Transeuropiniai tinklai. Gairės

01-02-2018

Sutartyje dėl Europos Sąjungos veikimo (SESV) perimti pirmą kartą Mastrichto sutartyje paminėti tikslai sukurti transeuropinius tinklus (TEN) transporto, energetikos ir telekomunikacijų srityse, siekiant sujungti visus ES regionus. Šie tinklai yra priemonės, kuriomis siekiama prisidėti prie vidaus rinkos ir užimtumo augimo, kartu įgyvendinant aplinkos apsaugos ir darnaus vystymosi tikslus. 2013 m. pabaigoje įvykdyta esminė transeuropinių transporto tinklų reforma.

Sutartyje dėl Europos Sąjungos veikimo (SESV) perimti pirmą kartą Mastrichto sutartyje paminėti tikslai sukurti transeuropinius tinklus (TEN) transporto, energetikos ir telekomunikacijų srityse, siekiant sujungti visus ES regionus. Šie tinklai yra priemonės, kuriomis siekiama prisidėti prie vidaus rinkos ir užimtumo augimo, kartu įgyvendinant aplinkos apsaugos ir darnaus vystymosi tikslus. 2013 m. pabaigoje įvykdyta esminė transeuropinių transporto tinklų reforma.

Energijos vartojimo efektyvumas

01-02-2018

Energijos vartojimo ir švaistymo sumažinimas tampa vis svarbesnis ES. ES vadovai 2007 m. nustatė tikslą iki 2020 m. metinį Sąjungoje suvartojamos energijos kiekį sumažinti 20 proc. Energijos vartojimo efektyvumo didinimo priemonės vis dažniau laikomos ne tik tvaraus energijos tiekimo, šiltnamio efektą sukeliančių dujų mažinimo, tiekimo saugumo ir importo išlaidų mažinimo užtikrinimo, bet ir ES konkurencingumo skatinimo priemonėmis. Taigi energijos vartojimo efektyvumas yra strateginis energetikos ...

Energijos vartojimo ir švaistymo sumažinimas tampa vis svarbesnis ES. ES vadovai 2007 m. nustatė tikslą iki 2020 m. metinį Sąjungoje suvartojamos energijos kiekį sumažinti 20 proc. Energijos vartojimo efektyvumo didinimo priemonės vis dažniau laikomos ne tik tvaraus energijos tiekimo, šiltnamio efektą sukeliančių dujų mažinimo, tiekimo saugumo ir importo išlaidų mažinimo užtikrinimo, bet ir ES konkurencingumo skatinimo priemonėmis. Taigi energijos vartojimo efektyvumas yra strateginis energetikos sąjungos prioritetas ir ES skatina laikytis principo „pirmiausia – energijos vartojimo efektyvumas“. Šiuo metu vyksta derybos dėl politinės programos laikotarpiui po 2030 m.

Atsinaujinančioji energija

01-01-2018

Atsinaujinantieji energijos ištekliai (vėjo, saulės, hidroelektrinių, vandenynų, geoterminė energija, biomasė ir biokuras) yra alternatyva iškastiniam kurui ir padeda mažinti išmetamą šiltnamio efektą sukeliančių dujų kiekį, įvairinti energijos tiekimą ir mažinti priklausomybę nuo nepatikimos ir nestabilios iškastinio kuro rinkos (ypač naftos ir dujų). Pastaraisiais metais buvo priimta daug ES teisės aktų, kuriais skatinama naudoti atsinaujinančiuosius energijos išteklius. Šiuo metu vyksta diskusijos ...

Atsinaujinantieji energijos ištekliai (vėjo, saulės, hidroelektrinių, vandenynų, geoterminė energija, biomasė ir biokuras) yra alternatyva iškastiniam kurui ir padeda mažinti išmetamą šiltnamio efektą sukeliančių dujų kiekį, įvairinti energijos tiekimą ir mažinti priklausomybę nuo nepatikimos ir nestabilios iškastinio kuro rinkos (ypač naftos ir dujų). Pastaraisiais metais buvo priimta daug ES teisės aktų, kuriais skatinama naudoti atsinaujinančiuosius energijos išteklius. Šiuo metu vyksta diskusijos dėl politinės programos laikotarpiui po 2030 m.

Būsimi renginiai

20-11-2019
Europe's Future: Where next for EU institutional Reform?
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