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What if technologies replaced humans in elderly care?

08-10-2019

Europeans are ageing. In 2016, there were 3.3 people of working-age for each citizen over 65 years. By 2070, this will fall to only two. As the population lives longer, our care needs grow, but fewer people will be available to deliver them. Could assistive technologies (ATs) help us to meet the challenges of elderly care?

Europeans are ageing. In 2016, there were 3.3 people of working-age for each citizen over 65 years. By 2070, this will fall to only two. As the population lives longer, our care needs grow, but fewer people will be available to deliver them. Could assistive technologies (ATs) help us to meet the challenges of elderly care?

Living in the EU: Demography

30-04-2019

Important effects of the ageing of its population will influence the future of the European Union (EU). The population is dramatically ageing, driven both by significant increases in life expectancy and by lower fertility rates than in the past. Population growth is therefore slowing down, along with an increasing old-age dependency ratio. Free movement within the EU, in particular east-west movement of EU citizens, has increased, reducing the population of some Member States, while increasing that ...

Important effects of the ageing of its population will influence the future of the European Union (EU). The population is dramatically ageing, driven both by significant increases in life expectancy and by lower fertility rates than in the past. Population growth is therefore slowing down, along with an increasing old-age dependency ratio. Free movement within the EU, in particular east-west movement of EU citizens, has increased, reducing the population of some Member States, while increasing that of others. These changes have serious implications across a range of areas, including the economy, labour market, healthcare and pensions. Hence, they deserve in-depth analysis.

Gender Equality Policies in Spain - Update

15-12-2016

While gender equality policies have been institutionalized and consolidated in Spain until 2008, the 2009-2016 period shows backlash provoked by austerity policies adopted in response to the economic crisis. Institutional dismantlement, budget cuts, legislative standstill, policy reforms with negative gender impacts, and problems of implementation indicate an uncertain future for gender equality policies in Spain. This study maps developments in Spanish gender equality institutions, laws, and policies ...

While gender equality policies have been institutionalized and consolidated in Spain until 2008, the 2009-2016 period shows backlash provoked by austerity policies adopted in response to the economic crisis. Institutional dismantlement, budget cuts, legislative standstill, policy reforms with negative gender impacts, and problems of implementation indicate an uncertain future for gender equality policies in Spain. This study maps developments in Spanish gender equality institutions, laws, and policies, including employment, care, political and economic decision-making, gender-based violence, and sexual and reproductive rights.

Išorės autorius

Emanuela LOMBARDO (Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain)

Differences in Men's and Women's Work, Care and Leisure Time

15-03-2016

The economic crisis has profoundly affected the labour market and private life of men and women. This study examines the interrelation of policies with the ways women and men allocate time to paid work, care and leisure and the gendered outcomes produced in different socio-economic and cultural settings. It shows that policies are powerful tools which contribute to a better work-life balance and transform gender roles in accordance to the targets of EU2020 strategy and EU28 commitment to gender equality ...

The economic crisis has profoundly affected the labour market and private life of men and women. This study examines the interrelation of policies with the ways women and men allocate time to paid work, care and leisure and the gendered outcomes produced in different socio-economic and cultural settings. It shows that policies are powerful tools which contribute to a better work-life balance and transform gender roles in accordance to the targets of EU2020 strategy and EU28 commitment to gender equality.

Išorės autorius

Konstantina DAVAKI (Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, the UK)

The silver economy: Opportunities from ageing

15-07-2015

The 'silver economy' covers a host of different but interlinked strands; together these can improve the quality of life and inclusion in society and involvement in economic activity of the ageing population through developing innovative policies, products and services to meet their needs, bringing more growth and jobs. The concept has been emerging over the years, and recently gathered momentum with the European Commission's first paper on the topic. The population in the EU is ageing due to increasing ...

The 'silver economy' covers a host of different but interlinked strands; together these can improve the quality of life and inclusion in society and involvement in economic activity of the ageing population through developing innovative policies, products and services to meet their needs, bringing more growth and jobs. The concept has been emerging over the years, and recently gathered momentum with the European Commission's first paper on the topic. The population in the EU is ageing due to increasing longevity and low birth rates. The Commission's 2015 Ageing Report forecasts that the EU will move from having four working-age (15-64) people for every person aged over 65 years in 2013, to just two by 2060. Whilst population ageing brings challenges, it also presents opportunities. Euromonitor forecasts that the global spending power of those aged 60+ will reach US$15 trillion by 2020. Annual age related government expenditure on older people (currently nearly 20% of GDP in the EU) is forecast to rise by 1.8 percentage points by 2060. The silver economy concept seeks to look holistically at ageing and the opportunities it presents, bearing on the future direction of a broad range of polices such as those on the built environment, 50+ employment, life-long learning and preventative healthcare. Moreover, it seeks to embrace new technologies (e.g. health monitoring, smart homes, driverless vehicles, and care robots) and use them to lower the costs of ageing and improve the lives of older citizens whilst simultaneously helping to boost the economy.

Elderly Women Living Alone: An Update of Their Living Conditions

11-06-2015

Upon request by the FEMM Committee, this study presents recent changes in the living conditions of elderly women living alone with a focus on the effects of recent pension reforms and active ageing policies. The study is largely based on a literature review and a desk analysis of the micro-data and information available at the European level, as well as a qualitative analysis of good practices in active ageing introduced in recent years in six countries selected as representative of European welfare ...

Upon request by the FEMM Committee, this study presents recent changes in the living conditions of elderly women living alone with a focus on the effects of recent pension reforms and active ageing policies. The study is largely based on a literature review and a desk analysis of the micro-data and information available at the European level, as well as a qualitative analysis of good practices in active ageing introduced in recent years in six countries selected as representative of European welfare systems.

Išorės autorius

Manuela Samek Lodovici, Monica Patrizio, Flavia Pesce and Enrico Roletto

eHealth – Technology for health

12-03-2015

'eHealth' is a recently-coined term for the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in health, and refers to an interdisciplinary field with multiple uses. It aims to improve the quality of healthcare and make health systems more efficient and effective. For patients, eHealth has the potential to bring them improved awareness of their condition and foster their involvement in the care process. It will also facilitate access to healthcare for certain groups of people, help the elderly ...

'eHealth' is a recently-coined term for the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in health, and refers to an interdisciplinary field with multiple uses. It aims to improve the quality of healthcare and make health systems more efficient and effective. For patients, eHealth has the potential to bring them improved awareness of their condition and foster their involvement in the care process. It will also facilitate access to healthcare for certain groups of people, help the elderly live independently for longer and help adults with dementia to stay mentally fit. More generally, eHealth will support patient mobility and facilitate cross-border healthcare. eHealth will allow health professionals to interact remotely with patients and other professionals, access specialised knowledge and facilitate research. Moreover, it has the potential to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare, thus alleviating the burden on European health budgets, and should foster growth in the areas of research, health, medicine and ICT. Among the limitations and drawbacks of eHealth are the risks of impersonality and isolation, which may be detrimental to the importance of preserving a human dimension in healthcare and contrary to the desire to reinforce the patient-doctor relationship. eHealth tools will not bring the expected benefits if they are not user-centric, user-friendly and universally accessible. Furthermore, there is a need to enhance self-confidence in eHealth use and to raise awareness of, and training in, eHealth. There are also reservations regarding privacy and confidentiality. And lastly, it is essential to guarantee the security and protection of health-related data, to build confidence and to ensure patients consent to the use of their data. The outlook for eHealth covers several perspectives: political, technological, economic, research, international cooperation and stakeholders.

Ageing population: projections 2010 - 2060 for the EU27

30-01-2014

Ageing of the European Union (EU) population has a major impact on society and in terms of economics. A decreasing birth rate and an increase in life expectancy are expected to transform the shape of the EU’s age pyramid and also raise the median age. In the 50 years from 2010 to 2060, the population aged 65 or over as a proportion of the working age population (aged 15-64) will almost double, rising from one older person for every four workers to one for every two. Persons active in the labour force ...

Ageing of the European Union (EU) population has a major impact on society and in terms of economics. A decreasing birth rate and an increase in life expectancy are expected to transform the shape of the EU’s age pyramid and also raise the median age. In the 50 years from 2010 to 2060, the population aged 65 or over as a proportion of the working age population (aged 15-64) will almost double, rising from one older person for every four workers to one for every two. Persons active in the labour force will face an increasing tax burden and higher social contributions in order to support their elders. Alternatively, older citizens will need to accept lower levels of support and services or a higher pension age. This spotlight highlights the major changes projected to take place in the five decades from 2010. It looks at the age profile of the EU population and shows the expected evolution in life expectancy, median age and labour force in Member States. Finally it shows the implications of an ageing society on social expenditure on old-age pensions, healthcare and long-term care.

Ageing population: projections 2010 - 2060 for the EU27

11-12-2013

Ageing of the European Union (EU) population has a major impact on society and in terms of economics. A decreasing birth rate and an increase in life expectancy are expected to transform the shape of the EU’s age pyramid and also raise the median age. In the 50 years from 2010 to 2060, the population aged 65 or over as a proportion of the working age population (aged 15-64) will almost double, rising from one older person for every four workers to one for every two. Persons active in the labour force ...

Ageing of the European Union (EU) population has a major impact on society and in terms of economics. A decreasing birth rate and an increase in life expectancy are expected to transform the shape of the EU’s age pyramid and also raise the median age. In the 50 years from 2010 to 2060, the population aged 65 or over as a proportion of the working age population (aged 15-64) will almost double, rising from one older person for every four workers to one for every two. Persons active in the labour force will face an increasing tax burden and higher social contributions in order to support their elders. Alternatively, older citizens will need to accept lower levels of support and services or a higher pension age. This spotlight highlights the major changes projected to take place in the five decades from 2010. It looks at the age profile of the EU population and shows the expected evolution in life expectancy, median age and labour force in Member States. Finally it shows the implications of an ageing society on social expenditure on old-age pensions, healthcare and long-term care.

Financing and providing long-term care: The challenge of an ageing population

11-06-2013

As more people live longer, the demand for long-term care in Europe is expected to increase significantly. Paying for and providing quality care will be important challenges as the proportion of the population over 80 years old more than doubles in the EU over the next 50 years.

As more people live longer, the demand for long-term care in Europe is expected to increase significantly. Paying for and providing quality care will be important challenges as the proportion of the population over 80 years old more than doubles in the EU over the next 50 years.

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