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Algeria will shortly be holding elections in April 2019 that will be crucial for its future. The country did, it is true, introduce constitutional reforms in response to the Arab Spring in the region, but whether or not President Bouteflika will have a fifth term in office is still the chief cause of the uncertainly hanging over the country. Although elderly now and in frail health, the President is still the glue binding Algeria’s political system together after its terrible civil war in the 1990s ...

The price of oil has fallen significantly since June 2014, from a peak of US$115 per barrel (bl) then to US$26 per barrel in January 2016, although it has somewhat recovered recently. This can partly be explained by weaker demand, robust supply growth and the expanding coverage of mandatory energy effciency provisions worldwide. These changes come at a time of major turmoil in parts of the Middle East. Iraq – with the world’s fifth largest oil reserves – is engaged in the fight against ISIL/Da’esh ...

The crisis in Ukraine has led to seven rounds of sanctions between Russia and the EU – and may well lead to more. Energy is the most alarming casualty in this clash, with the EU and Russia largely interdependent in the domain. The level of dependency among EU Member States varies greatly, as does their ability to respond to Russian warnings and actions. Ukraine's gas situation is also at stake. The Russian gas exporter Gazprom ceased exporting to Ukraine in June. In late September, gas cuts were ...

This study analyses to what extent the EU budget support provided to Egypt, Tunisia and Algeria has changed due to the Arab Spring and to what extent the EU budget support has contributed to the democratic transitions in those countries. Furthermore, the study provides information on (i) how resolutions of the European Parliament regarding Egypt, Tunisia and Algeria have been translated into the EU budget support provided to those countries, (ii) how the monitoring and reporting systems of the effects ...

Algeria is a regional power in both economic, political and military terms. Up to now, relations between the EU and Algeria have been mainly based on economic considerations. The crisis in Mali, the Franco-African military intervention (AFISMA) and the terrorist attacks at the gas facility In Amenas in eastern Algeria have opened a new window of opportunity for reinforced cooperation in the field of security between Algeria and the EU in order to combat common threats. Given its strong military power ...

Algeria is the only Maghrebi country which has officially refused to be part of the ENP despite its strategic position in the region. Yet it can benefit from the ENPI’s financial assistance without having its own Action Plan. Through its partnerships with the EU, governed by the Association Agreement (AA) and its bilateral partnerships with the member states (MS), Algeria has mainly benefited from its energy market exchanges and a reinforced security role in the fight against terrorism. With a markedly ...

The present study contains the result of the work carried out to analyse the level of implementation of the Guidelines to EU policy towards third countries on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (hereinafter referred to as ‘the guidelines’), which were adopted by the General Affairs Council on 9 April 2001 “to provide the EU with an operational tool […] to support and strengthen ongoing efforts to prevent and eradicate torture and ill-treatment in all parts of the ...

Human Rights = Women's Rights ?

Pētījums 01-06-1996

Summary of the public hearing organised by the Committee on Women's Rights, 26-27 June 1995 on violations of human rights inflicted on women because of their sex. Describes the violence against women in daily life in order to rouse the consciences of our societies and to find the tools and strategies to enable these revolting practices to be stopped.