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The second Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID II) and the Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation (MiFIR) are the principal texts regulating investment services and activities in the EU. Following an extensive consultation and in light of the recent developments in the context of the coronavirus pandemic, the European Commission proposed the establishment of an EU-wide consolidated tape for shares, bonds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and derivatives, as well as making targeted ...

The IA is based on solid internal and external sources, in particular several ESMA review reports, and stakeholder consultations. However, the definitions of both the problems and the objectives lack consistency and coherence, as the lines between problems, their drivers and consequences are blurred and objectives seem to overlap (and shift). This weakens the IA's intervention logic. The policy options presented to tackle the problems are assessed against two baseline scenarios, which is unusual. ...

Many financial institutions have warned that the transition to a low-carbon economy could cause a major shock to fossil fuel valuation, with the potential for systemic risk. This paper discusses disclosure commitments and empirical evidence in order to gauge the exposure of banks towards fossil fuel assets as well as the consequent implications for banks’ balance sheets and for financial stability.

The European Parliament is due to vote on a trilogue agreement on the proposal for a pilot regime for market infrastructure, which will establish a scheme to trade and settle transactions of financial instruments in crypto-asset form. The regime follows the ‘sandbox’ approach that allows for temporary derogations from some specific requirements. This way, the development of solutions for the trading and settlement of transactions in crypto-assets should be encouraged, while preserving a high level ...

Study in focus: Robo-advisors

Pārskats 12-07-2021

This document summarises the key findings of the orginal study which analyses if and to what extent the current EU legal framework provides effective investor protection for customers of robo-advisors. It puts emphasis on structural conflicts of interests, the difficulties presented by the supervision of algorithms, and potential threats to the stability of the financial system. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request ...

Shadow banking is a form of bank-like intermediation where regulatory standards are looser than for regular banks. It includes money market funds and other funds using leverage, securities and derivatives dealers, securitisations, securities financing transactions and derivatives, as well as new players like digital lenders and stablecoins. We look at theoretical contributions and empirical data and suggest possible policy options. We recommend that rules be unambiguous and apply to all institutions ...

Economic dialogue with the President of the Eurogroup

Padziļināta analīze 22-01-2021

Paschal Donohoe has been invited to his first Economic Dialogue in the ECON Committee since his election as President of the Eurogroup in July 2020. The previous dialogue with Mário Centeno took place on 21 April 2020. The exchange of views with Members of the ECON Committee will cover the ongoing work of the Eurogroup, notably short term policy measures intended to combat the economic, financial and social consequences of COVID-19, medium term policies to support a sustainable recovery and increase ...

This briefing, prepared for a scrutiny session of the ECON Committee, provides background on the International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) 17 Insurance Contracts which will have a major impact on the accounting of insurance companies. IFRS 17 was issued by the IASB in 2017; the Parliament adopted a resolution on 3 October 2018. As some remaining issues were raised at EU level, the IASB has issued amendments to IFRS 17 on 25 June 2020. The next step for endorsement was the EFRAG's consultation ...

Regulating crowdfunding

Pārskats 02-10-2020

As a step towards Capital Markets Union, the European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on crowdfunding service providers in March 2018, to facilitate the cross-border offer of such financial services across the EU. It was accompanied by a proposal for a directive, to exempt those providers from the scope of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID II). The co-legislators reached a political agreement in December 2019, significantly modifying the Commission proposals. ...

This document presents the main features of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), including governance, capital structure and funding sources, main lending instruments, as well as its oversight and accountability framework. It also reviews recent proposals and contributions on the possible evolution of the ESM. This note is regularly updated.