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Nepal and Bhutan are two poor landlocked Himalayan countries, sandwiched between a democracy and an authoritarian one-party state: India and China. After an authoritarian past, during the last decade, they have begun reforms in order to switch towards a democratic model. After a long and complicated path, Nepal succeeded in adopting a new constitution in 2015. Its first post-constitution government is run by an alliance of communist parties. In Bhutan, the king has successfully steered the country ...

Indigenous children with disabilities (ICwD) have received little attention in academic research and development policies. However, they face discrimination at many levels, based on ethnicity, age, ability and gender and this often leads to serious human rights violations. The lack of data, both on the prevalence of disabilities among indigenous children and young people and on specific violations of their human rights, is a serious constraint to any policy intended to respect, protect and promote ...

The world has seen rapid growth of preferential trade and investment agreements (PTAs) that, by definition, aim to go beyond the existing WTO obligations of the parties. With this growth comes the danger of incompatible obligations as these PTAs overlap within a country. This study examines the sources of overlap in various PTAs and the compliance costs that PTAs may create for a developing country, with a special focus on the agricultural realm. Examining the reality of divergent SPS standards, ...

Nepal may well be popular worldwide for Everest climbing with Sherpa's' help, yet it remains one of the poorest countries in the world. A 10-year guerrilla conflict ended in 2006 and led to the country's transition from monarchy to republic. However, the political parties have so far been unable to reach a compromise on a new constitution, or to provide the political stability that could allow this 30-million-strong multi-ethnic country to develop its economy.

Bhutan and its political parties

Pārskats 26-11-2014

Bhutan is a long-time isolated South Asian monarchy in the Himalayan mountains between India and China. TV broadcast was only introduced in 1999, making Bhutan the last country in the world to introduce television. Bhutan gained international exposure as the initiator of the concept of Gross National Happiness. Since 2008 it is experiencing a king-driven transition from absolute monarchy to democracy.

Caste-based discrimination is a serious human rights violation, negatively affecting political, economic, social, cultural and civil rights of approximately 260 million people worldwide. The European Union is committed to the promotion of human rights within the EU and in its external relations. This brief aims to assess to what extent the EU has integrated the fight against caste-based discrimination in its external relations. Light is shed on the specific situations in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, ...

Nepal, to compare with countries in Europe, is a little larger in area than Greece but with over 27 million people, it has more than twice the current population of Greece. One of the poorest countries in the world, Nepal is sandwiched between two giant neighbours: India, which surrounds Nepal’s borders on three sides, and China with whom Nepal has its border on the North. The mystical Shangrila as it was known to the international community for its beautiful Himalayas and abundant natural beauty ...