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Politikas departamentu pakalpojumi (ENVI fokusā)

14-06-2019

Politikas departaments A nodrošina kvalitatīvas specializētās zināšanas, atjauninātas analīzes un neatkarīgus pētījumus komitejām, ko tas atbalsta: ECON, EMPL, ENVI, ITRE un IMCO. Šajā brošūrā ir izklāstīti pakalpojumi, kurus Politikas departaments sniedz ENVI komitejai.

Politikas departaments A nodrošina kvalitatīvas specializētās zināšanas, atjauninātas analīzes un neatkarīgus pētījumus komitejām, ko tas atbalsta: ECON, EMPL, ENVI, ITRE un IMCO. Šajā brošūrā ir izklāstīti pakalpojumi, kurus Politikas departaments sniedz ENVI komitejai.

Study in focus: Sampling points for air quality

02-04-2019

Air quality monitoring at fixed sites is a major instrument provided for in the Ambient Air Quality Directive to check compliance with limit or target values, which have been set for the protection of human health. This study analyses the criteria for the location of monitoring sites in five Member States to identify ambiguous provisions that might lead to different assessments of air pollution exposure.

Air quality monitoring at fixed sites is a major instrument provided for in the Ambient Air Quality Directive to check compliance with limit or target values, which have been set for the protection of human health. This study analyses the criteria for the location of monitoring sites in five Member States to identify ambiguous provisions that might lead to different assessments of air pollution exposure.

Study in focus: International Climate Negotiations

05-11-2018

In view of the 24th Conference of the Parties (COP24) under the United Nations Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) in Katowice, Poland, in December 2018, the study by Neier et al. 2018 provides an overview of the current state of play of International Climate Negotiations. While it introduces the UNFCCC, its bodies and key terms, as well as milestones and key players in international climate negotiations, it summarises the negotiation process under the UNFCCC, related international developments as ...

In view of the 24th Conference of the Parties (COP24) under the United Nations Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) in Katowice, Poland, in December 2018, the study by Neier et al. 2018 provides an overview of the current state of play of International Climate Negotiations. While it introduces the UNFCCC, its bodies and key terms, as well as milestones and key players in international climate negotiations, it summarises the negotiation process under the UNFCCC, related international developments as well as the key issues ahead of COP24 and beyond.

Vides politika – vispārīgi principi un pamatsistēma

01-11-2017

Eiropas vides politikas pamatā ir piesardzības princips, preventīvas darbības princips un princips, ka piesārņojums ir jānovērš, novēršot tā cēloni, kā arī princips “piesārņotājs maksā”. Daudzgadu vides rīcības programmas nosaka sistēmu turpmākai rīcībai visās vides politikas jomās. Tās ir iekļautas horizontālās stratēģijās un tiek ņemtas vērā starptautiskās sarunās par vides aizsardzību. Visbeidzot, ārkārtīgi svarīga ir īstenošana.

Eiropas vides politikas pamatā ir piesardzības princips, preventīvas darbības princips un princips, ka piesārņojums ir jānovērš, novēršot tā cēloni, kā arī princips “piesārņotājs maksā”. Daudzgadu vides rīcības programmas nosaka sistēmu turpmākai rīcībai visās vides politikas jomās. Tās ir iekļautas horizontālās stratēģijās un tiek ņemtas vērā starptautiskās sarunās par vides aizsardzību. Visbeidzot, ārkārtīgi svarīga ir īstenošana.

Klimata pārmaiņas un vide

01-11-2017

ANO Klimata konferencē Parīzē 2015. gada decembrī puses no visas pasaules vienojās ierobežot globālo sasilšanu krietni zem 2 ºC salīdzinājumā ar pirmsindustriālo laikmetu. ES ir apņēmusies līdz 2030. gadam samazināt siltumnīcefekta gāzu emisijas vismaz par 40 % salīdzinājumā ar 1990. gada līmeni, vienlaikus par 27 % uzlabojot energoefektivitāti un palielinot atjaunojamo energoresursu avotu īpatsvaru līdz 27 % no galapatēriņa. Galvenais mehānisms cīņai pret klimata pārmaiņām ir ES emisijas kvotu tirdzniecības ...

ANO Klimata konferencē Parīzē 2015. gada decembrī puses no visas pasaules vienojās ierobežot globālo sasilšanu krietni zem 2 ºC salīdzinājumā ar pirmsindustriālo laikmetu. ES ir apņēmusies līdz 2030. gadam samazināt siltumnīcefekta gāzu emisijas vismaz par 40 % salīdzinājumā ar 1990. gada līmeni, vienlaikus par 27 % uzlabojot energoefektivitāti un palielinot atjaunojamo energoresursu avotu īpatsvaru līdz 27 % no galapatēriņa. Galvenais mehānisms cīņai pret klimata pārmaiņām ir ES emisijas kvotu tirdzniecības sistēma.

Gaisa un trokšņa piesārņojums

01-11-2017

Gaisa piesārņojums kaitē gan mūsu veselībai, gan apkārtējai videi. To galvenokārt rada rūpniecība, transports, enerģijas ražošana un lauksaimniecība. ES gaisa kvalitātes stratēģijas mērķis ir līdz 2020. gadam nodrošināt pilnīgu atbilstību spēkā esošajiem tiesību aktiem gaisa kvalitātes jomā, un tajā ir izvirzīti līdz 2030. gadam sasniedzami ilgtermiņa mērķi. Vides trokšņa direktīva palīdz noteikt trokšņa līmeņus ES un veikt nepieciešamos pasākumus trokšņa samazināšanai līdz pieļaujamam līmenim. Atsevišķi ...

Gaisa piesārņojums kaitē gan mūsu veselībai, gan apkārtējai videi. To galvenokārt rada rūpniecība, transports, enerģijas ražošana un lauksaimniecība. ES gaisa kvalitātes stratēģijas mērķis ir līdz 2020. gadam nodrošināt pilnīgu atbilstību spēkā esošajiem tiesību aktiem gaisa kvalitātes jomā, un tajā ir izvirzīti līdz 2030. gadam sasniedzami ilgtermiņa mērķi. Vides trokšņa direktīva palīdz noteikt trokšņa līmeņus ES un veikt nepieciešamos pasākumus trokšņa samazināšanai līdz pieļaujamam līmenim. Atsevišķi tiesību akti reglamentē trokšņu emisiju no konkrētiem avotiem.

Emission Measurements - Legal Obligations

15-02-2017

This study looks at the discrepancy in NOx emissions between type-approval tests and real-world driving. It examines the legal stakeholder obligations with regard to emission measurements in the European type-approval process and offers insights into the practical implementation of type-approval procedures throughout the EU. This study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee of Inquiry into Emission Measurements in the Automotive Sector (EMIS).

This study looks at the discrepancy in NOx emissions between type-approval tests and real-world driving. It examines the legal stakeholder obligations with regard to emission measurements in the European type-approval process and offers insights into the practical implementation of type-approval procedures throughout the EU. This study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee of Inquiry into Emission Measurements in the Automotive Sector (EMIS).

Comparing EU and US Car Emissions Legislation

15-02-2017

This study was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the committee of inquiry into emission measurements in the automotive sector (EMIS). It provides a comparative study on the differences between the EU and US legislation on emissions in the automotive sector, covering the emissions standards themselves; the systems for their implementation and enforcement, including approval systems for vehicles; and the respective regimes for prohibiting the use of defeat devices.

This study was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the committee of inquiry into emission measurements in the automotive sector (EMIS). It provides a comparative study on the differences between the EU and US legislation on emissions in the automotive sector, covering the emissions standards themselves; the systems for their implementation and enforcement, including approval systems for vehicles; and the respective regimes for prohibiting the use of defeat devices.

Implementing the Paris Agreement - COP 22

07-11-2016

Study in focus: The study summarises the developments leading to the adoption of the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015 and provides an overview of its contents. The further implementation process and the roles of the main Parties and other stakeholders are discussed, as well as related international developments and the challenges of the climate change conference in Marrakesh (COP 22) from 7 to 18 November 2016.

Study in focus: The study summarises the developments leading to the adoption of the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015 and provides an overview of its contents. The further implementation process and the roles of the main Parties and other stakeholders are discussed, as well as related international developments and the challenges of the climate change conference in Marrakesh (COP 22) from 7 to 18 November 2016.

Study in Focus - Implementation: Ambient Air Quality

15-06-2016

Exposure to elevated air pollution levels has substantial negative impacts on human health and the environment. The main pollutants are particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone (O3). The Ambient Air Quality Directive therefore sets limit and target values for the concentration of air pollutants. Thresholds for particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide are exceeded in several Member States.

Exposure to elevated air pollution levels has substantial negative impacts on human health and the environment. The main pollutants are particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone (O3). The Ambient Air Quality Directive therefore sets limit and target values for the concentration of air pollutants. Thresholds for particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide are exceeded in several Member States.

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