15

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Special Advisers to the Commission (2014-2019)

26-02-2021

This study proposes an overview of the selection of Special Advisers to the European Commission, specifically during the period 2014-2019: the procedure followed, number of contracts, safeguards, contractual terms, budgetary implications, transparency, communication with the European Parliament. A review of literature, good practices and criteria for assessing the European Commission framework is provided. In conclusion this study makes recommendations on how to further strengthen it.

This study proposes an overview of the selection of Special Advisers to the European Commission, specifically during the period 2014-2019: the procedure followed, number of contracts, safeguards, contractual terms, budgetary implications, transparency, communication with the European Parliament. A review of literature, good practices and criteria for assessing the European Commission framework is provided. In conclusion this study makes recommendations on how to further strengthen it.

Ārējais autors

Dr Christoph DEMMKE, Chair Public Management at the University of Vaasa (FI) Margarita SANZ, Blomeyer & Sanz Roland BLOMEYER, Blomeyer & Sanz

A fresh look at the future of work in the EU

24-10-2019

Economic and technical changes are redrawing the map of the world of work: new jobs are appearing while others are becoming obsolete, and atypical work patterns are replacing full-time work and open-ended contracts. In addition, work is increasingly being carried out on online platforms connecting buyers and sellers, or by large project teams across borders and time zones. Robotics and digitalisation raise new questions, as machines progressively replace the human workforce for routine tasks, and ...

Economic and technical changes are redrawing the map of the world of work: new jobs are appearing while others are becoming obsolete, and atypical work patterns are replacing full-time work and open-ended contracts. In addition, work is increasingly being carried out on online platforms connecting buyers and sellers, or by large project teams across borders and time zones. Robotics and digitalisation raise new questions, as machines progressively replace the human workforce for routine tasks, and new types of professional and personal skills are required to respond to technological progress. Active labour-market policies are gradually adapting to the changing reality in the world of work. This concerns social security systems, which increasingly face include new, and constantly changing requirements, as well as ethical and practical problems relating to robotics. The EU focuses on protecting workers' rights while ensuring innovation, as the examples of the recently adopted Directive on Transparent and Predictable Working Conditions and the establishment of the new European Labour Authority illustrate. The need for the new digital skills that are essential to successfully master the challenges of the new working environment also continues to grow. This is an update of an earlier Briefing on the Future of work in the EU, from April 2017, PE 599.426.

Ensuring more transparent and predictable working conditions

26-08-2019

An employer's obligation to inform employees of the conditions applicable to their contracts is regulated by Directive 91/533/EEC. Major shifts in the labour market due to demographic trends and digitalisation, spawning a growing number of non-standard employment relationships, have made it necessary to revise this directive. The European Commission therefore came forward with a proposal for a directive aimed at updating and extending the information on employment-related obligations and working ...

An employer's obligation to inform employees of the conditions applicable to their contracts is regulated by Directive 91/533/EEC. Major shifts in the labour market due to demographic trends and digitalisation, spawning a growing number of non-standard employment relationships, have made it necessary to revise this directive. The European Commission therefore came forward with a proposal for a directive aimed at updating and extending the information on employment-related obligations and working conditions, and at creating new minimum standards for all employed workers, including those on atypical contracts. In the European Parliament, the Committee for Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) considered the proposal and adopted a report focusing in particular on the scope, on employees' working hours, on the conditions for making information available to them, and on employers' responsibilities. Following trilogue negotiations, the European Parliament and the Council reached an agreement on the content of the draft legislation. The final act was signed on 20 June 2019 and published in the Official Journal on 11 July 2019. Member States have until 1 August 2022 to take the necessary measures to comply with the new directive. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Mitigating labour market dualism: Single Open-Ended Contracts and other instruments

16-08-2018

This briefing summarises key results from a comprehensive study prepared at request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee. It concludes with a discussion of policy options to mitigate the negative side effects of increasing temporary employment.

This briefing summarises key results from a comprehensive study prepared at request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee. It concludes with a discussion of policy options to mitigate the negative side effects of increasing temporary employment.

Mitigating labour market dualism: Single Open-Ended Contracts and other instruments

15-06-2018

This Policy Department A study prepared at request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee examines the incidence of temporary forms of working in Europe, transitions to permanent work and the types of reform options that could help to mitigate labour market dualism. It explores labour market reforms aimed at combatting dualism in eight Member States. On this basis, it concludes that overall, further evaluation and recalibration of employment policy, taking into account post-reform experiences ...

This Policy Department A study prepared at request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee examines the incidence of temporary forms of working in Europe, transitions to permanent work and the types of reform options that could help to mitigate labour market dualism. It explores labour market reforms aimed at combatting dualism in eight Member States. On this basis, it concludes that overall, further evaluation and recalibration of employment policy, taking into account post-reform experiences, would be advisable; better communication from could governments help overcome employer hiring reluctance; and human-capital oriented ALMPs should complement any strategy to tackle segmentation.

Ārējais autors

Werner Eichhorst, IZA and University of Bremen Paul Marx, University of Duisburg-Essen, SDU and IZA Andrea Broughton, Ecorys UK Paul de Beer, University Amsterdam / AIAS et. al.

Transparent and predictable working conditions

22-02-2018

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, submitted on 21 December 2017 and referred to the European Parliament's Committee on Employment and Social Affairs. The proposal updates and replaces Directive 91/533/EEC (the Written Statement Directive, hereafter WSD), which gives employees the right to be notified in writing of the essential aspects of their contract or employment ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, submitted on 21 December 2017 and referred to the European Parliament's Committee on Employment and Social Affairs. The proposal updates and replaces Directive 91/533/EEC (the Written Statement Directive, hereafter WSD), which gives employees the right to be notified in writing of the essential aspects of their contract or employment relationship. Taking into account that the labour market has evolved and new forms of work have developed in recent years, the REFIT evaluation of the WSD found that there is a need to modernise and complement the existing obligations to inform workers of their working conditions, and to create minimum standards to ensure that each worker benefits from more clarity regarding his/her working terms, irrespective of the type of employment relationship they have. According to the IA, the initiative would set a framework within which new forms of work could develop, offering fairer protection for workers, a clearer legal framework and a more level playing field for companies in the internal market (IA, pp. 6-7). The proposal, which is part of the 2018 Commission work programme, is a follow-up to the European Pillar of Social Rights. In line with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the Commission conducted a two-stage consultation with the social partners on the revision of the WSD. There was no agreement among the social partners to enter into direct negotiations on concluding an EU-level agreement. The European Parliament has stressed the need to address the developments of the labour market and protect workers in all forms of employment. It has called for a framework directive on decent working conditions and for a revision of the WSD to take account of new forms of employment.

European Platform to tackle undeclared work: Setup and Activities

30-10-2017

This note gives a summary of the Decision by European Parliament and Council to establish a Platform to tackle undeclared work with a view to a number of changes having been introduced during negotiations. It analyses its composition, work programme and first results. Further, it discusses approaches to measure undeclared work and a number of challenges. Policy Department A has prepared this note to support an exchange of views at the Employment and Social Affairs Committee to be held on 9 November ...

This note gives a summary of the Decision by European Parliament and Council to establish a Platform to tackle undeclared work with a view to a number of changes having been introduced during negotiations. It analyses its composition, work programme and first results. Further, it discusses approaches to measure undeclared work and a number of challenges. Policy Department A has prepared this note to support an exchange of views at the Employment and Social Affairs Committee to be held on 9 November 2017.

Research for TRAN Committee - Road Transport Hauliers in the EU: Social and Working Conditions (Update of the 2013 study)

09-10-2017

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