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Support for fishermen affected by the eastern Baltic cod closure

10-11-2020

Eastern Baltic cod has long supported the livelihoods of many Baltic fishermen, but stocks of this valuable fish have been declining sharply in recent years. Every year since 2014, total allowable catches have been reduced accordingly. Recent scientific advice, published in May 2019, reinforced concerns regarding eastern Baltic cod, showing an even steeper decline and estimating the stock to be below safe biological limits for the past two years. Scientists point to high natural mortality resulting ...

Eastern Baltic cod has long supported the livelihoods of many Baltic fishermen, but stocks of this valuable fish have been declining sharply in recent years. Every year since 2014, total allowable catches have been reduced accordingly. Recent scientific advice, published in May 2019, reinforced concerns regarding eastern Baltic cod, showing an even steeper decline and estimating the stock to be below safe biological limits for the past two years. Scientists point to high natural mortality resulting from various environmental pressures, including a lack of salinity, little oxygen, pollution, high water temperatures and parasite infestation. On 22 July 2019, as an emergency measure, the Commission imposed an immediate closure of the fishery for six months, with the exception of a limited amount arising from the unavoidable by-catch. Subsequently, fishing opportunities for 2020 were cut by 92 %. As recovery of the stock is not expected before 2024, on 31 October 2019 the Commission issued a proposal amending the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund Regulation in order to allow support for permanent cessation and introducing parallel changes to the Baltic multiannual plan by setting capacity limits for the fishing segments concerned and by including additional control and data collection measures. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Implementation of macro-regional strategies

20-02-2020

While each macro-regional strategy is unique in terms of the countries it brings together and the scope of its policies, they all share the same common aim: to ensure a coordinated approach to issues that are best tackled together. Building on the success of the pioneering 2009 European Union strategy for the Baltic Sea region, this form of cooperation has since become firmly embedded in the EU's institutional framework, with four strategies now in place, covering a total of 19 Member States and ...

While each macro-regional strategy is unique in terms of the countries it brings together and the scope of its policies, they all share the same common aim: to ensure a coordinated approach to issues that are best tackled together. Building on the success of the pioneering 2009 European Union strategy for the Baltic Sea region, this form of cooperation has since become firmly embedded in the EU's institutional framework, with four strategies now in place, covering a total of 19 Member States and 8 third countries. Every two years, the European Commission publishes a report to assess the implementation of these strategies, most recently in 2019. With the views of stakeholders and other players helping to complete the picture, it is possible to identify a number of challenges common to all macro-regional strategies in areas such as governance, funding, political commitment and the need to be more results oriented. This, in turn, has helped focus discussions on the future role of macro-regional strategies within the post 2020 cohesion policy framework. For while recent months have seen the idea of a fifth macro-regional strategy resurface, with negotiations now under way on the cohesion policy architecture beyond 2020, the future position of macro-regional strategies within this framework looks set to be the key issue in the coming months for all actors involved in the EU’s macro-regional strategies. Parliament has actively taken part in this debate, through its participation in trilogues on the cohesion policy package, and its 2018 resolution on the implementation of macro-regional strategies. The current Croatian EU Presidency has also committed to focusing on achieving the goals of macro-regional strategies and ensuring their complementarity with cohesion policy as part of its programme, helping to keep the issue high on the political agenda. Much will depend, however, on the outcome of the ongoing multiannual financial framework (MFF) negotiations, which will be critical not only for macro-regional strategies but also for the future shape of cohesion policy in general. This is an updated edition of a Briefing from September 2017.

Research for PECH Committee - Åland Islands

15-05-2018

The Åland Islands is an autonomous, demilitarised, Swedish-speaking region of Finland. The archipelago has its own government and parliament. The Åland Islands is a small society with an open economy that is dependent on trade with its neighbouring regions, notably Southern Finland and the Stockholm region. In 2017 the Åland Islands had 6 aquaculture facilities operating. The number of employed persons in the aquaculture sector was 95 people in that same year. The number of employed persons in the ...

The Åland Islands is an autonomous, demilitarised, Swedish-speaking region of Finland. The archipelago has its own government and parliament. The Åland Islands is a small society with an open economy that is dependent on trade with its neighbouring regions, notably Southern Finland and the Stockholm region. In 2017 the Åland Islands had 6 aquaculture facilities operating. The number of employed persons in the aquaculture sector was 95 people in that same year. The number of employed persons in the fishing sector in the Åland Islands amounted to 88 persons in 2016.

Close to a new plan to manage Baltic fisheries

20-06-2016

The European Commission has tabled a proposal for a multiannual management plan for stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and for the fisheries exploiting them. Multiannual plans are an essential tool for sustainable exploitation of fish stocks and for increased predictability over the long run for fishermen. The European Parliament is now due to vote on a compromise found, after 10 months of interinstitutional negotiations, with a view to a first reading agreement.

The European Commission has tabled a proposal for a multiannual management plan for stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and for the fisheries exploiting them. Multiannual plans are an essential tool for sustainable exploitation of fish stocks and for increased predictability over the long run for fishermen. The European Parliament is now due to vote on a compromise found, after 10 months of interinstitutional negotiations, with a view to a first reading agreement.

EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region

06-06-2016

Encompassing regions from Member States as well as third countries confronted with a common set of challenges, macro-regions are often defined on the basis of geographical features. Whether inspired by a sense of regional identity, a desire to engage in closer cooperation or to pool resources, all macro-regional strategies share a common aim: to ensure a coordinated approach to issues best tackled jointly. While diverse in many ways, the countries bordering the Baltic are characterised by a high ...

Encompassing regions from Member States as well as third countries confronted with a common set of challenges, macro-regions are often defined on the basis of geographical features. Whether inspired by a sense of regional identity, a desire to engage in closer cooperation or to pool resources, all macro-regional strategies share a common aim: to ensure a coordinated approach to issues best tackled jointly. While diverse in many ways, the countries bordering the Baltic are characterised by a high degree of interdependence, with a tradition of cooperation dating back to the Hanseatic period. This shared identity was cemented further through the EU accession of the Baltic States and Poland in 2004, increasing to eight the number of EU Member States in the Baltic region (Sweden, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland). Yet despite the introduction of common EU rules and policies, opening up new prospects for improving growth and living standards through closer coordination, persistent differences have remained between the prosperous northern and western seaboards of the Baltic and its less developed southern and eastern countries. Concerns over the deteriorating state of the Sea itself, and a sense that the region had failed to make best use of the opportunities of EU membership led to calls for action and the development of a dedicated strategy for the Baltic region in 2009. Originally initiated by the European Parliament, the Strategy covers the eight EU Member States of the Baltic and also involves cooperation with the neighbouring countries of Russia, Belarus, Norway and Iceland. It has been designed to be adapted to changing circumstances, and revisions of its Action Plan have streamlined its structure and given more responsibility to Member States. A number of key challenges remain, however, not least its complex governance, a lack of political engagement, low knowledge about the Strategy and mixed results in integrating it into 2014-2020 operational programmes, a key potential source of funding.

Multiannual plan for Baltic fisheries

27-04-2016

Multiannual plans for fisheries management are an essential tool to ensure the sustainable exploitation of fish stocks and marine ecosystems. They also offer increased predictability to fishermen in the long run. In October 2014, the European Commission proposed a multiannual plan for stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and for the fisheries exploiting them. This Baltic multiannual and multispecies plan is the first proposed plan to build on the principles of the 2013 reform of the ...

Multiannual plans for fisheries management are an essential tool to ensure the sustainable exploitation of fish stocks and marine ecosystems. They also offer increased predictability to fishermen in the long run. In October 2014, the European Commission proposed a multiannual plan for stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and for the fisheries exploiting them. This Baltic multiannual and multispecies plan is the first proposed plan to build on the principles of the 2013 reform of the Common Fisheries Policy. Seen as a test case, it may have some spill-over effect on new proposals for multiannual plans, some of which are expected from the European Commission in the near future. The Council adopted its general approach on 20 April 2015, and the European Parliament voted on legislative amendments in plenary on 28 April, before referring the matter back to the Committee on Fisheries. After 10 months of difficult interinstitutional negotiations, a compromise was reached in March 2016 in trilogue discussions. The EP's Committee on Fisheries endorsed the trilogue result on 19 April and the plenary should vote on the final outcome in June. This briefing updates an earlier edition, of February 2016: PE 577.969. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Multiannual plan for Baltic fisheries

17-02-2016

Multiannual plans for fisheries management are an essential tool to ensure the sustainable exploitation of fish stocks and marine ecosystems. They also offer increased predictability to fishermen in the long run. In October 2014, the European Commission proposed a multiannual plan for stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and for the fisheries exploiting them. This Baltic multiannual and multispecies plan is the first proposed plan to build on the principles of the 2013 reform of the ...

Multiannual plans for fisheries management are an essential tool to ensure the sustainable exploitation of fish stocks and marine ecosystems. They also offer increased predictability to fishermen in the long run. In October 2014, the European Commission proposed a multiannual plan for stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and for the fisheries exploiting them. This Baltic multiannual and multispecies plan is the first proposed plan to build on the principles of the 2013 reform of the Common Fisheries Policy. Seen as a test case, it may have some spill-over effect on new proposals for multiannual plans, some of which are expected from the European Commission in the near future. The Council adopted its general approach on 20 April 2015, and the European Parliament voted on legislative amendments in plenary on 28 April, before referring the matter back to the Committee on Fisheries. Interinstitutional trilogue negotiations, which started in May 2015, have however proven lengthy and difficult. While discussing the priorities of the Council Presidency at the meeting of the Committee for Fisheries in mid-January 2015, the Dutch Fisheries Minister and the Parliament's rapporteur expressed their willingness and hope to come to a satisfactory agreement. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Options of Handling Choke Species in the View of the EU Landing Obligation – The Baltic Plaice Example

15-12-2015

Under current fishing patterns, the Landing Obligation may result in plaice choking some Baltic Sea cod and mixed demersal fisheries. We propose a structured approach (decision tree) to identify solutions to the apparent problems, demonstrating how this problem can largely be mitigated by quota swaps, the use of more selective gear and spatio-temporal avoidance, for which the Landing Obligation will create incentives. As a last resort, short-term solutions are the provisions of flexibilities and ...

Under current fishing patterns, the Landing Obligation may result in plaice choking some Baltic Sea cod and mixed demersal fisheries. We propose a structured approach (decision tree) to identify solutions to the apparent problems, demonstrating how this problem can largely be mitigated by quota swaps, the use of more selective gear and spatio-temporal avoidance, for which the Landing Obligation will create incentives. As a last resort, short-term solutions are the provisions of flexibilities and exemptions in the CFP Basic Regulation.

Ārējais autors

Christopher ZIMMERMANN, Sarah B. M. KRAAK, Uwe KRUMME, Juan SANTOS, Sven STÖTERA and Lena VON NORDHEIM (Thünen Institute of Baltic Sea Fisheries, Rostock)

Workshop on a "New Technical Measures Framework for The New Common Fisheries Policy"

12-10-2015

This set of documents was prepared for the workshop of the PECH Secretariat held on 13 October 2015 in Brussels, and include the following papers: I - Lessons from the Past for the Future of Technical Measures ; II - Technical Measures in the Baltic Sea – An Alternative to Over-Regulation and the Brace-and-Belt Approach ; III - Technical Measures in the Atlantic and the North Sea – Working with Stakeholders Towards Meaningful Revision ; IV - Fishing Management Based on Technical Measures - The ...

This set of documents was prepared for the workshop of the PECH Secretariat held on 13 October 2015 in Brussels, and include the following papers: I - Lessons from the Past for the Future of Technical Measures ; II - Technical Measures in the Baltic Sea – An Alternative to Over-Regulation and the Brace-and-Belt Approach ; III - Technical Measures in the Atlantic and the North Sea – Working with Stakeholders Towards Meaningful Revision ; IV - Fishing Management Based on Technical Measures - The Need of a New Framework for the Mediterranean Sea.

Ārējais autors

Stuart A. Reeves, Daniel Stepputtis, Christopher Zimmermann, Uwe Krumme, Christian von Dorrien, Marloes Kraan, Ruben Verkempynck, Nathalie A. Steins, Jose Mª Bellido Millán, Jose Luis Sánchez Lizaso, Ana Carbonell Quetglas, Teresa Garcia Jimenez, Jorge Baro Dominguez and Julio Valeiras Mota

Multiannual plan for fisheries in the Baltic Sea

20-04-2015

Multiannual plans for fisheries management are an essential tool to ensure the sustainable exploitation of fish stocks and marine ecosystems, and also offer fishermen increased predictability over the long run. In October 2014, the European Commission proposed a multiannual plan for stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and for the fisheries exploiting them. This proposal, the first to build on the principles of the 2013 reform of the Common Fisheries Policy, may be seen as a test case ...

Multiannual plans for fisheries management are an essential tool to ensure the sustainable exploitation of fish stocks and marine ecosystems, and also offer fishermen increased predictability over the long run. In October 2014, the European Commission proposed a multiannual plan for stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and for the fisheries exploiting them. This proposal, the first to build on the principles of the 2013 reform of the Common Fisheries Policy, may be seen as a test case.

Gaidāmie notikumi

01-12-2020
FISC Public Hearing on 1st December 2020
Uzklausīšana -
FISC
01-12-2020
Inter-parliamentary Committee meeting on the Evaluation of Eurojust Activities
Cits pasākums -
LIBE
02-12-2020
Public Hearing on AI and Health
Uzklausīšana -
AIDA

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