12

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Publikācijas veids
Politikas joma
Jautājuma autors
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Road infrastructure safety management

02-04-2019

On 17 May 2018, the Commission adopted the proposal for a directive amending Directive 2008/96/EC on road infrastructure safety management. The revision was presented together with another legislative proposal on vehicle and pedestrian safety, and with non-legislative initiatives to promote safe mobility. The general objective of the proposal, which seeks to address the shortcomings of the existing legislation, is to reduce both road fatalities and serious injuries by improving the safety performance ...

On 17 May 2018, the Commission adopted the proposal for a directive amending Directive 2008/96/EC on road infrastructure safety management. The revision was presented together with another legislative proposal on vehicle and pedestrian safety, and with non-legislative initiatives to promote safe mobility. The general objective of the proposal, which seeks to address the shortcomings of the existing legislation, is to reduce both road fatalities and serious injuries by improving the safety performance of road infrastructure. It proposes key changes to strengthen road infrastructure safety management procedures and extends the scope of the directive beyond the trans-European transport network (TEN-T). Interinstitutional negogiations (trilogues) concluded on 21 February 2019. The agreed text, endorsed by Coreper and by the Parliament’s TRAN committee, is scheduled for a vote in Parliament’s plenary during April. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Improving road infrastructure safety management

13-07-2018

In order to improve the EU road safety and substantially reduce road deaths, several measures were taken at the EU level. A general policy document was adopted in 2010, when the European Commission published the Road Safety Programme 2011-2020. The current revision of the road safety management procedures was triggered by the fact that the progress in the reduction of road fatalities stalled and that the existing road security measures needed to be adapted to changes in mobility resulting from societal ...

In order to improve the EU road safety and substantially reduce road deaths, several measures were taken at the EU level. A general policy document was adopted in 2010, when the European Commission published the Road Safety Programme 2011-2020. The current revision of the road safety management procedures was triggered by the fact that the progress in the reduction of road fatalities stalled and that the existing road security measures needed to be adapted to changes in mobility resulting from societal trends and technological developments. The impact assessment accompanying this proposal clearly explains the problems currently encountered, and proposes adequate solutions. The Commission used different sources to substantiate the impact assessment and also undertook several stakeholder consultation activities. However, some parts of the IA do not entirely follow the requirements of the Better Regulation Guidelines in that it does not set sufficiently specific and time-bound objectives. More detailed information on proportionality and publication of the support study would have also been desirable.

Autotransports: satiksmes un drošības standarti

01-02-2018

ES ir noteikusi sev mērķi laikā no 2010. līdz 2020. gadam izveidot Eiropas ceļu satiksmes drošības telpu. Par šo jomu atbild galvenokārt valstu līmenī. Līdz ar to ES pasākumi galvenokārt tiek vērsti uz transportlīdzekļu tehnisko stāvokli, bīstamo kravu pārvadājumiem un drošību uz autoceļu tīkliem.

ES ir noteikusi sev mērķi laikā no 2010. līdz 2020. gadam izveidot Eiropas ceļu satiksmes drošības telpu. Par šo jomu atbild galvenokārt valstu līmenī. Līdz ar to ES pasākumi galvenokārt tiek vērsti uz transportlīdzekļu tehnisko stāvokli, bīstamo kravu pārvadājumiem un drošību uz autoceļu tīkliem.

Autotransports: satiksmes un drošības standarti

01-11-2017

Eiropas Savienība ir noteikusi sev mērķi desmitgadē no 2010. līdz 2020. gadam izveidot Eiropas ceļu satiksmes drošības telpu. Par šo jomu atbild galvenokārt valstu līmenī. Līdz ar to ES pasākumi galvenokārt tiek vērsti uz transportlīdzekļu tehnisko stāvokli, bīstamo kravu pārvadājumiem un drošību uz autoceļiem.

Eiropas Savienība ir noteikusi sev mērķi desmitgadē no 2010. līdz 2020. gadam izveidot Eiropas ceļu satiksmes drošības telpu. Par šo jomu atbild galvenokārt valstu līmenī. Līdz ar to ES pasākumi galvenokārt tiek vērsti uz transportlīdzekļu tehnisko stāvokli, bīstamo kravu pārvadājumiem un drošību uz autoceļiem.

Automated vehicles in the EU

07-01-2016

Automated vehicle technologies allow the transfer of driving functions from a human driver to a computer. Automation, and in particular digitalisation, of driving will change road transport in a way which is viewed as a revolution in the field of mobility. As human error is the main reason for road traffic accidents, driving which is automatically controlled by a computer is expected to make future road transport safer and more secure. It has also the potential to be more environmentally friendly ...

Automated vehicle technologies allow the transfer of driving functions from a human driver to a computer. Automation, and in particular digitalisation, of driving will change road transport in a way which is viewed as a revolution in the field of mobility. As human error is the main reason for road traffic accidents, driving which is automatically controlled by a computer is expected to make future road transport safer and more secure. It has also the potential to be more environmentally friendly, efficient and accessible. Worldwide, automobile manufacturers and technology firms are working on driving system innovation. Agreement by all stakeholders on the desired deployment of the new technologies will provide developers with the certainty they need for investments. For an effective communication between the technological and political spheres, categorisation and terminology are being developed which define different levels of vehicle automation. Motor vehicles are highly complex systems which need advanced technical and legal standards in terms of road safety requirements. The technical requirements as well as international traffic rules are agreed at United Nations level and are currently in the process of being assessed with a view to the increasing automation of vehicles. The European Union and its Member States participate in international working groups which are revising the regulations as prerequisites for the deployment of automated vehicles. Furthermore the European Union is funding research on automated road transport as a priority in the Horizon 2020 Transport Research programme. Some key elements of the discussions on political and technical aspects are the questions of how data protection and cyber security can be secured and liability issues can be solved.

Pārskats par lielajiem kravas automobiļiem - Galvenie jautājumi un gadījumu pētījumi

15-11-2013

Šajā pētījumā sniegta analīze par esošajiem pierādījumiem saistībā ar garākiem un smagākiem transportlīdzekļiem (GST) un iespējamo ietekmi, atļaujot izmantot šos lielos kravas automobiļus visā ES, kā tas jau ir Somijā un Zviedrijā, kuras jau ir atļāvušas šādiem transportlīdzekļiem piedalīties parastā satiksmē. Pētījuma pamatā ir publikācijas par ievērojamākajiem pētījumiem šajā jomā, kā arī gadījumu pētījumi, kuros aplūkota pieredze ar GST piecās dalībvalstīs, kurās tie ir vai nu atļauti, vai tiek ...

Šajā pētījumā sniegta analīze par esošajiem pierādījumiem saistībā ar garākiem un smagākiem transportlīdzekļiem (GST) un iespējamo ietekmi, atļaujot izmantot šos lielos kravas automobiļus visā ES, kā tas jau ir Somijā un Zviedrijā, kuras jau ir atļāvušas šādiem transportlīdzekļiem piedalīties parastā satiksmē. Pētījuma pamatā ir publikācijas par ievērojamākajiem pētījumiem šajā jomā, kā arī gadījumu pētījumi, kuros aplūkota pieredze ar GST piecās dalībvalstīs, kurās tie ir vai nu atļauti, vai tiek izmēģināti. Turklāt tajā analizēti pieejamie statistikas dati un aplūkota lielo kravas automobiļu ietekme saistībā ar ES mērķiem par ceļu satiksmes drošību un siltumnīcefekta gāzu emisijām.

Ārējais autors

James Steer, Francesco Dionori, Lorenzo Casullo, Christoph Vollath, Roberta Frisoni, Fabrizio Carippo and Davide Ranghetti (Steer Davies Gleave)

Sound level of motor vehicles

31-01-2013

Traffic noise has impacts on citizens' health and well-being. The European Commission therefore proposed a Regulation which aims to reduce the noise emissions of motor vehicles by about 25%. The EP's ENVI Environment Committee voted to amendments to the proposed noise limits, and calls for mandatory noise labelling of vehicles as well as a systematic assessment of road surfaces.

Traffic noise has impacts on citizens' health and well-being. The European Commission therefore proposed a Regulation which aims to reduce the noise emissions of motor vehicles by about 25%. The EP's ENVI Environment Committee voted to amendments to the proposed noise limits, and calls for mandatory noise labelling of vehicles as well as a systematic assessment of road surfaces.

The problem of under compensation of victims of cross-border road traffic accidents in the EU

15-11-2012

The current acts in place – the Brussels I Regulation, the Lugano Convention and the parallel convention with Denmark – give the claimant several opportunities for forum shopping when lodging a direct claim against foreign liability insurance. Since the lex fori determines whether the Rome II Regulation or the Hague Convention is applicable in Common Market cases, the aforementioned possibility of forum shopping ultimately leads to law shopping. Between the claimant and the injuring party, the principle ...

The current acts in place – the Brussels I Regulation, the Lugano Convention and the parallel convention with Denmark – give the claimant several opportunities for forum shopping when lodging a direct claim against foreign liability insurance. Since the lex fori determines whether the Rome II Regulation or the Hague Convention is applicable in Common Market cases, the aforementioned possibility of forum shopping ultimately leads to law shopping. Between the claimant and the injuring party, the principle lex loci delicti should be maintained. Applying the law of the victim’s residence would cause unforeseeable results and enormous costs for the offending party. The question, whether the claimant should generally be awarded a direct claim is a matter of secondary EU legislation, i.e. the question is treated equally in every Member State. For that reason, making this last question dependent on the lex fori is legitimate.

Ārējais autors

Prof. Dr. Ansgar Staudinger

The Impact of Overtaking Bans for Heavy Goods Vehicles on Two-Lane Highways, on Traffic Flows and Routes of Transport

15-03-2010

Delays on 2-lane divided highways can be caused by HGVs overtaking each other. This Note presents details of the research carried out and schemes introduced in EU countries to ban HGV overtaking movements. A cost benefit analysis concludes that annual benefits of up to 1500 million euro could be realised by introducing such schemes at optimal locations.

Delays on 2-lane divided highways can be caused by HGVs overtaking each other. This Note presents details of the research carried out and schemes introduced in EU countries to ban HGV overtaking movements. A cost benefit analysis concludes that annual benefits of up to 1500 million euro could be realised by introducing such schemes at optimal locations.

Ārējais autors

Ewan Hardman, Ben Morris, Peter Owlett and Tim Rees (TRL Limited)

The Road Safety Performance of Commercial Light Goods Vehicles

15-10-2009

This report describes the collation and analysis of a wide range of disparate European data on the safety of light goods vehicles (LGVs – goods vehicles with a maximum mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes). It includes data on regulations, new registrations, stock, traffic, freight performance, business sectors, accidents and casualties. It identifies the trends in both the LGV market and safety performance and identifies areas that could be a priority for safety interventions.

This report describes the collation and analysis of a wide range of disparate European data on the safety of light goods vehicles (LGVs – goods vehicles with a maximum mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes). It includes data on regulations, new registrations, stock, traffic, freight performance, business sectors, accidents and casualties. It identifies the trends in both the LGV market and safety performance and identifies areas that could be a priority for safety interventions.

Ārējais autors

Iain Knight, Tanja Robinson, Mike Neale and Wesley Hulshof (TRL Limited)

Gaidāmie notikumi

11-12-2019
Take-aways from 2019 and outlook for 2020: What Think Tanks are Thinking
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