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What if crop protection were environment-friendly?

11-02-2020

Pesticides are indispensable in modern agriculture, but the EU wants crop protection to be responsible and eco-friendly. What options are there to reduce the use of synthetic pesticides?

Pesticides are indispensable in modern agriculture, but the EU wants crop protection to be responsible and eco-friendly. What options are there to reduce the use of synthetic pesticides?

Interactions between Climate Change & Agriculture and Biodiversity & Agriculture (Part of the Project 'Technology Options for Feeding 10 Billion People')

15-07-2013

There will be rising global demand for food and energy from the land over the coming decades resulting from population growth and economic development. This will coincide with the need to adapt agriculture to increasing climate-related threats (which will probably outweigh opportunities in Europe), whilst decreasing the impact of agricultural emissions on climate change. At the same time, biodiversity losses due to intensive agricultural practices and abandonment of biodiversity-rich farming are ...

There will be rising global demand for food and energy from the land over the coming decades resulting from population growth and economic development. This will coincide with the need to adapt agriculture to increasing climate-related threats (which will probably outweigh opportunities in Europe), whilst decreasing the impact of agricultural emissions on climate change. At the same time, biodiversity losses due to intensive agricultural practices and abandonment of biodiversity-rich farming are expected to continue. The long-term sustainability of farming is being undermined by trends such as soil degradation, declines in pollinators, the loss of natural biological control of pests and diseases, and the loss of plant and animal genetic diversity. Substantial changes in agricultural systems are required in Europe to ensure rapid reductions in agricultural emissions of greenhouse gases, as well as effective adaptation to climate change and strengthened biodiversity conservation. This report describes a range of practices and developments in agriculture that could sustainably increase agricultural productivity whilst contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation, and providing biodiversity benefits. Policy could play a larger role in supporting innovation and development in the full range of agricultural systems in Europe and in the use of certain wastes and residues for energy purposes. The report provides a set of recommended options for incentivising beneficial actions, constraining unsustainable practices, and promoting innovative options whilst ensuring environmental safeguards for new technologies that might have unwanted negative impacts on biodiversity.

Ārējais autors

E. Underwood, J. Poláková, B. Kretschmer, A. J. McConville and G. M. Tucker (IEEP) ; E. Dooley, A. Frelih-Larsen and S. Naumann (Ecologic Institute) ; S. Berman, M. Sarteel and C. Tostivint (BIO Intelligence Service) ; N. M. van der Grijp (Institute for Environmental Studies - IVM ; VU University) ; N. Maxted (School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham)

Consequences of Climate Change for Agricultural Production

01-12-1998

Climate plays a major role in determining the yield levels, the year-to-year variability and the spatial patterns of global agriculture. Agriculture is sensitive to short term changes in weather and to seasonal, annual and longer term variations in climate. Over the long term, agriculture is able to tolerate moderate variations about the climatic mean. Longterm marked changes in temperature, precipitation, and solar radiation will have an effect on the productivity of crop and livestock agriculture ...

Climate plays a major role in determining the yield levels, the year-to-year variability and the spatial patterns of global agriculture. Agriculture is sensitive to short term changes in weather and to seasonal, annual and longer term variations in climate. Over the long term, agriculture is able to tolerate moderate variations about the climatic mean. Longterm marked changes in temperature, precipitation, and solar radiation will have an effect on the productivity of crop and livestock agriculture. Climate change will also have economic effects on agriculture, including changes in farm profitability, prices, supply, demand, trade, and regional comparative advantages. The magnitude and geographical distribution of such climateinduced changes may affect our ability to expand food production as required to feed a population of more than 10000 million people projected for the middle of the next century. Climate change could thus have far-reaching effects on patterns of trade among nations, development, and food security. The world’s forest estate has declined significantly in both area and quality in recent decades. The major causes of this decline are deforestation and air pollution, with climate change, storms and fires aggravating the situation. Because average temperatures are expected to rise more near the north and south poles than near the equator, the shift in climate zones will be more pronounced at higher latitudes. In the mid latitude regions (450 to 600), present temperature zones could shift by 150-550 km. Since each of today’s latitudinal climate belts are optimal for particular crops, such shifts could strongly affect agricultural and livestock production. Efforts to shift crops poleward in response could be limited by the inability of soil types in the new climate zones to support intensive agriculture as practised today in the main producer countries. The impact on crop yields and productivity will vary considerably. Added heat stress, shifting m

Ārējais autors

Papaioannou and Caparis (IEM Ltd. Athens, Greece)

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