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Migration to the European Union from third countries has been substantial over the past few decades, as Europe has historically been considered a continent of relative economic prosperity and political stability. While many foreign-born individuals arrive in the European Union (EU) to work, pursue studies or join family members, the EU also receives a large number of asylum-seekers and refugees, not least in the context of the war in Ukraine since February 2022. As host societies, EU Member States ...

This briefing provides a summary of the recent economic developments in the EU Member States and gives an overview of relevant economic projections forecasted by major international and EU institutions

The UK was a European Union Member State from 1973 until 31 January 2020. For reasons of comparability and consistency, the historical data for the 'EU-27' in this infographic covers all current Member States, regardless of whether they were Member States at the time concerned.

Racial and ethnic minorities face discrimination and its consequences on a daily basis. The exact scale of the problem is hard to gauge due to a lack of data and general under-reporting of racist incidents. The coronavirus pandemic has seen a major increase in reports of racist and xenophobic incidents, and the crisis it triggered has had a disproportionately large negative effect on racial and ethnic minority groups, in the form of higher death and infection rates. Although since 2000 the European ...

Dan il-Briefing, ippubblikat mis-Servizz ta' Riċerka tal-Parlament Ewropew, huwa mfassal biex jipprovdi fatti u ċifri ewlenin dwar il-Parlament Ewropew. Huwa jħares kemm lejn il-leġiżlatura kurrenti (Lulju 2019 sa Ġunju 2024) kif ukoll it-tmien leġiżlaturi ta' ħames snin preċedenti sa minn meta ġew introdotti l-elezzjonijiet diretti f'Ġunju 1979. Fil-paġni li ġejjin se ssib grafiki ta' diversi tipi li: • jiddeskrivu l-kompożizzjoni tal-Parlament Ewropew bħalissa u fil-passat; • isegwu ż-żieda fl-għadd ...

This paper provides a summary of recent analyses of the economic, financial and budgetary developments in the EU and the Euro, notably following the Russian invasion in Ukraine and the outbreak of the war. It also highlights related policy recommendations made in the public domain to mitigate any adverse effects and support sustainable recovery.

This study provides an overview of the effect of the decline in the number of farms across the EU on the European farming model (EFM), which is built around the notion of multifunctionality and provision of public goods by agriculture. It concludes that in order to foster sustainability and resilience, the EFM and policy must embrace the emerging diversity of farmer profiles and stimulate socially desirable adaptive strategies that preserve the multifunctionality of farming.

The COVID-19 pandemic and its associated economic crisis have impacted women differently than men in the European Union. Even if gender issues have never been so high-up in the European political agenda, the effects of the COVID-19 crisis are putting in jeopardy the progress achieved in the past decade in terms on the reduction of gender inequalities in European member states. The effects of the COVID-19 sanitary crisis have also served to highlight the need for member states to develop proactive ...

This document presents selected indicators on public finance for the Euro Area Member States and the Euro Area as a whole. For each indicator, it provides a short explanation and the data sources. The final section presents a short overview of the main indicators used by the European and other international institutions to assess debt sustainability.

Some 7 000 languages are spoken globally today. However, half of the world's population shares just six native languages, and some 90 % of all languages could be replaced by dominant ones by the end of the century. Following the success of the European Year of Languages (2001), the Council of Europe designated 26 September as the European Day of Languages.