Fittex

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Since 2003, national competition authorities (NCAs) have boosted the enforcement of EU competition and antitrust rules significantly. However, each year losses of €181-320 billion accrue because of undiscovered cartels, which increase prices by between 17 % and 30 % on average. In March 2017, the Commission proposed a new directive to ensure that all NCAs have effective investigation and decision-making tools, could impose deterrent fines, and have well-designed leniency programmes and enough resources ...

National Parliaments have emancipated themselves into the EU legislative process and have become more actively involved at the European level. This briefing provides an analysis of the role of National Parliaments in the process of transposition of EU legislation – a mere segment of the overall implementation process.

This briefing analyses specific implications of the better regulation package for the European Commission’s enforcement policy. It also assesses the current state of play of implementation of EU law using the latest available data. Additionally, it analyses the main barriers to effective implementation and how the EU institutions can assist national parliaments with these problems. Finally, it makes some key policy recommendations for further empowering national and EU institutions in ensuring timely ...

This study has undertaken literature reviews, user and experts’ questionnaires, interviews and workshop surveys, analysis of EU legislation, SWOT and Multi-Criteria Analysis, identification of best practices and analyses of case studies. This has led to a mapping of accessibility across the EU Member States (identifying relevant state clusters) for three different sectors: local transport, long-distance transport, and tourism. Specific policies, research priorities and recommendations are made per ...

This briefing, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, looks into the issue of the governance of the UK Withdrawal Agreement from the perspective of the UK legal and constitutional order. It examines, in particular, how the UK, as a dualist state, where international agreements have domestic legal effect only to the extent provided for in domestic legislation, will and can ensure respect of this ...

Directive 2012/29/EU establishing minimum standards for the rights, support and protection of victims of crime is an instrument of harmonisation that sets basic standards to be applied across the EU. It makes important procedural provisions regarding, for instance, the right to be heard, to understand and be understood, and the right to receive information, make a complaint and access support services. This study assesses the implementation of the directive and various aspects of its application: ...

This study was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Petitions. It was commissioned, overseen and published by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs. The paper presents the evolution of the EU enforcement policy as part of the principle of rule of law in the European Union. It provides information on the main actors responsible for the implementation and enforcement of EU law and trends related to the transposition and application of European legislative ...

This STOA study explores waste management in the EU. Around one third of EU municipal waste was sent to landfill in 2012. To turn waste into a resource, waste management objectives must be aligned with the goals of a circular economy transition. This report highlights progress and challenges across Member States and in municipalities for (1) reducing waste, and (2) generating high-quality waste streams for re-use and recovery. It focuses on the current policy landscape, trends, and technologies for ...

This overview of the transport and tourism sectors in Sweden was prepared to provide information for the mission of the Transport and Tourism Committee to Sweden (17-19 July 2017).

Preliminary reference procedure

Briefing 06-07-2017

The preliminary reference procedure, provided for in Article 267 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), is an institutionalised mechanism of dialogue between the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and national courts. This dialogue serves three principal purposes. First of all, to provide national courts with assistance on questions regarding the interpretation of EU law. Secondly, to contribute to a uniform application of EU law across the Union. Thirdly, to create ...