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Webinar proceedings: Mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic

15-12-2020

This briefing summarises presentations delivered by the invited experts during a remote webinar on "Mental health" organised on 10 November 2020 by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the ENVI committee.

This briefing summarises presentations delivered by the invited experts during a remote webinar on "Mental health" organised on 10 November 2020 by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the ENVI committee.

Climate change and its impact on mental health

08-12-2020

Climate change health impacts are experienced through direct and indirect pathways. These can take the form of an increase in the frequency and/or severity of extreme weather events such as heatwaves, droughts, floods, and storms which directly may impact health, resulting in heat-related mortality and morbidity, injury and trauma. Indirectly, climate change may impact health through loss of livelihoods, land and property and through interaction with environmental systems. This document was provided ...

Climate change health impacts are experienced through direct and indirect pathways. These can take the form of an increase in the frequency and/or severity of extreme weather events such as heatwaves, droughts, floods, and storms which directly may impact health, resulting in heat-related mortality and morbidity, injury and trauma. Indirectly, climate change may impact health through loss of livelihoods, land and property and through interaction with environmental systems. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

Awtur estern

Maria NILSSON

What if AI could advance the science surrounding dementia?

10-06-2020

Artificial intelligence could help in the fight against dementia, a rapidly growing public health problem! Which AI applications in dementia diagnosis and treatment are already under way, and what are future directions and implications? What if, in the future, we could have access to human brains like Google maps? What if we could backup our minds and restore it when needed, such as in the case of getting dementia?

Artificial intelligence could help in the fight against dementia, a rapidly growing public health problem! Which AI applications in dementia diagnosis and treatment are already under way, and what are future directions and implications? What if, in the future, we could have access to human brains like Google maps? What if we could backup our minds and restore it when needed, such as in the case of getting dementia?

Harmful internet use - Part I: Internet addiction and problematic use

31-01-2019

It is increasingly recognised that the internet, in spite of all its benefits to society, can also be correlated with significant harms to individuals and society. Some of these harms have been studied extensively, particularly harms to privacy, harms associated with security and cybercrime, and harms resulting from digital divides. This report covers less studied but equally important harms: harms associated with internet use that concern the health, well-being a functioning of individuals, and ...

It is increasingly recognised that the internet, in spite of all its benefits to society, can also be correlated with significant harms to individuals and society. Some of these harms have been studied extensively, particularly harms to privacy, harms associated with security and cybercrime, and harms resulting from digital divides. This report covers less studied but equally important harms: harms associated with internet use that concern the health, well-being a functioning of individuals, and the impact on social structures and institutions. The Part I of the study address the issue of the maladaptive use the internet at individual level, including virtual social networks, video games and other potentially addictive types of interactive media content. The three problems which emerged from the study were: generalised internet addiction, online gaming addiction and online gambling addiction. The ultimate aim of the study is to develop concrete policy options to be considered by the EU Institutions and Member States, to mitigate harmful effects of the internet for European citizens.

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DG, EPRS

What if mini-brains could help us understand dementia?

05-12-2017

Organoids are artificially grown organs that mimic the properties of real organs. What new possibilities for treating diseases, drug development, and personalised and regenerative medicine do organoids provide?

Organoids are artificially grown organs that mimic the properties of real organs. What new possibilities for treating diseases, drug development, and personalised and regenerative medicine do organoids provide?

Prison Conditions in the Member States: Selected European Standards and Best Practices

17-01-2017

This paper provides an overview of European standards and good practices regarding prison conditions. Action by the EU in the field of judicial cooperation in criminal matters is affected by detention conditions across EU Member States. The Council of Europe has adopted numerous recommendations and standards on conditions of life in prison, and the European Court of Human Rights has found that detention conditions may breach the prohibition against torture and ill-treatment. The paper provides an ...

This paper provides an overview of European standards and good practices regarding prison conditions. Action by the EU in the field of judicial cooperation in criminal matters is affected by detention conditions across EU Member States. The Council of Europe has adopted numerous recommendations and standards on conditions of life in prison, and the European Court of Human Rights has found that detention conditions may breach the prohibition against torture and ill-treatment. The paper provides an overview of common problems affecting prisons in the EU Member States (from overcrowding to general conditions of life in prison) and describes some of the identified best practices to solve them. Specific attention is paid to pre-trial detention, to the use of alternative (non-custodial) measures, to measures aimed at social reintegration and prevention of recidivism, and to the special safeguards and standards developed as regards vulnerable prisoners (such as children, women, or mentally ill detainees).

European Structural and Investment Funds and People with Disabilities in the European Union

03-11-2016

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI committee, concerns the situation of people with disabilities in the European Union (EU) and how EU funds (‘European Structural and Investment Funds’) can support the reforms needed to replace the outdated systems of institutional care with community-based and inclusive services. It also highlights areas that must be addressed to avoid the mistakes of ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI committee, concerns the situation of people with disabilities in the European Union (EU) and how EU funds (‘European Structural and Investment Funds’) can support the reforms needed to replace the outdated systems of institutional care with community-based and inclusive services. It also highlights areas that must be addressed to avoid the mistakes of the past, in particular the use of EU funds to maintain institutional care, and ensure that instead they are used to promote community living.

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Camilla PARKER and Ines BULIC COJOCARIU (European Network on Independent Living)

Need for action on dementia recalled

12-02-2016

Dementia is one of Europe's biggest challenges in the context of demographic change. It has wide-ranging social and economic consequences for those living with the condition, their families and carers, and society as a whole. The Council's conclusions of December 2015 acknowledge the importance of this challenge. Dementia is not one specific disease, but an overall term for a syndrome that affects memory