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Special Advisers to the Commission (2014-2019)

26-02-2021

This study proposes an overview of the selection of Special Advisers to the European Commission, specifically during the period 2014-2019: the procedure followed, number of contracts, safeguards, contractual terms, budgetary implications, transparency, communication with the European Parliament. A review of literature, good practices and criteria for assessing the European Commission framework is provided. In conclusion this study makes recommendations on how to further strengthen it.

This study proposes an overview of the selection of Special Advisers to the European Commission, specifically during the period 2014-2019: the procedure followed, number of contracts, safeguards, contractual terms, budgetary implications, transparency, communication with the European Parliament. A review of literature, good practices and criteria for assessing the European Commission framework is provided. In conclusion this study makes recommendations on how to further strengthen it.

Awtur estern

Dr Christoph DEMMKE, Chair Public Management at the University of Vaasa (FI) Margarita SANZ, Blomeyer & Sanz Roland BLOMEYER, Blomeyer & Sanz

Access to the occupation of road transport operator and to the international road haulage market

07-07-2020

The regulations on admission to the occupation of road transport operator and on access to the international road transport market have been contributing to the functioning of EU road transport and fairer competition between resident and non-resident hauliers since December 2011. Despite the improvements they have brought to the sector, persistent shortcomings such as diverging national application of the rules and uneven enforcement called for a revision of both acts. On 31 May 2017, as part of ...

The regulations on admission to the occupation of road transport operator and on access to the international road transport market have been contributing to the functioning of EU road transport and fairer competition between resident and non-resident hauliers since December 2011. Despite the improvements they have brought to the sector, persistent shortcomings such as diverging national application of the rules and uneven enforcement called for a revision of both acts. On 31 May 2017, as part of a 'mobility package', the European Commission adopted a new proposal to address the main shortcomings affecting the sector, and improve its competitiveness and efficiency. In June 2018, Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) adopted its report. After further debates and procedural developments, Parliament adopted its first-reading position on 4 April 2019. The Council, on its side, reached a general approach on this proposal in December 2018, under the Austrian Presidency. After four negotiating rounds, the Council and Parliament reached a provisional agreement on the proposal on 12 December 2019, which was approved by Coreper on 20 December. The Council formally adopted its first-reading position on 7 April 2020, and the TRAN committee recommended on 8 June that Parliament approve it at second reading. The agreed text is thus due to be voted in plenary in July at second reading. If adopted, this would put an end to three years of debate on a complex and controversial proposal. Sixth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

The impact of the free movement of economically active citizens within the EU

18-12-2019

In recent years employment rates increased for nationals and mobile EU-citizens especially when minimum wages and/or collective agreements were in place. The free movement leads to higher employment, higher productivity and income, and has a positive impact on taxes and social contributions. However, the vocational qualifications are not fully recognized, therefore the potential cannot be used to the full extent.

In recent years employment rates increased for nationals and mobile EU-citizens especially when minimum wages and/or collective agreements were in place. The free movement leads to higher employment, higher productivity and income, and has a positive impact on taxes and social contributions. However, the vocational qualifications are not fully recognized, therefore the potential cannot be used to the full extent.

Awtur estern

Müller, Klaus

Skills for the labour market: EU policies for VET and upskilling

16-09-2019

The note analyses changing skills demands on the labour market and their implications for vocational education and training (VET) policies as well as for upskilling of adults in the EU.

The note analyses changing skills demands on the labour market and their implications for vocational education and training (VET) policies as well as for upskilling of adults in the EU.

Awtur estern

Terence Hogarth, Fondazione G. Brodolino

RESEARCH FOR CULT COMMITTEE – Recognition of qualifications for educational and professional purposes: the impact of Brexit

26-11-2018

The United Kingdom (UK) will leave the European Union next 29 March 2019. The potential impact of the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on the recognition of qualifications depends on the nature of the qualifications as different regulatory regimes apply to academic as against professional qualifications. In the case of academic qualifications, this issue falls within national competence, although supporting policies have been implemented at European level. Brexit should not have substantial ...

The United Kingdom (UK) will leave the European Union next 29 March 2019. The potential impact of the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on the recognition of qualifications depends on the nature of the qualifications as different regulatory regimes apply to academic as against professional qualifications. In the case of academic qualifications, this issue falls within national competence, although supporting policies have been implemented at European level. Brexit should not have substantial consequences since those policies are intergovernmental (e.g. Bologna Process), implemented on a voluntary basis (e.g. European Qualifications Framework, Europass) or open to third countries (e.g. Erasmus+). By contrast, the question of professional qualifications is closely related to the single market and to the free movement of workers, services and establishment. Hence, a number of European directives govern the field of regulated professions. If the UK becomes a third country from 30 March 2019 or at the end of the transition period provided for in the “Draft Withdrawal Agreement”, this legislation will no longer apply either to EU citizens seeking recognition of their qualifications in the UK or to UK citizens seeking recognition of their qualifications in the European Union.

Research for CULT Committee - Digital Skills in the 21st century

10-09-2018

This study aims to provide Members of the European Parliament's Committee on Culture and Education with information, analysis and recommendations on digital skills in the 21st century and an adequate EU policy response to contemporary challenges as set out in the Digital Education Action Plan and accompanying Staff Working Document. Based on literature review and policy mapping, the study identifies potential blind spots in the field of digital skills and competences that are not addressed by the ...

This study aims to provide Members of the European Parliament's Committee on Culture and Education with information, analysis and recommendations on digital skills in the 21st century and an adequate EU policy response to contemporary challenges as set out in the Digital Education Action Plan and accompanying Staff Working Document. Based on literature review and policy mapping, the study identifies potential blind spots in the field of digital skills and competences that are not addressed by the Action Plan and other existing initiatives at EU level.

Awtur estern

Justina Vaikutytė-Paškauskė, Justina Vaičiukynaitė, Donatas Pocius

Proportionality test for new national regulations for professions

25-07-2018

In the EU, professions are regulated at either Union or Member State level. In the latter case, qualification requirements can differ widely between Member States, due to their respective historical development and experience. This can lead to a lack of clarity on the criteria used, and result in fragmentation of the single market. The proposed directive on a proportionality test before adoption of new regulation of professions, tabled by the European Commission, sought to harmonise the way in which ...

In the EU, professions are regulated at either Union or Member State level. In the latter case, qualification requirements can differ widely between Member States, due to their respective historical development and experience. This can lead to a lack of clarity on the criteria used, and result in fragmentation of the single market. The proposed directive on a proportionality test before adoption of new regulation of professions, tabled by the European Commission, sought to harmonise the way in which proportionality tests are carried out before Member States introduce new regulation on professions. The new directive will supplement provisions of Directive 2005/36/EC on the recognition of professional qualifications, last amended by Directive 2013/55/EU. The European Parliament proposed a specific status for healthcare services, and explicitly addressed gold-plating practices (unnecessary national requirements). A text was agreed between Parliament and Council in trilogue in March, which was voted in the Parliament plenary on 14 June 2018 and adopted by the Council on 21 June 2018. The final act was signed on 28 June 2018. Member States have until 30 July 2020 to bring into force the laws and administrative provisions necessary to comply with the directive. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Training of professional drivers

08-03-2018

The revision of existing provisions regarding the training of professional drivers was announced in the 2017 Commission Work Programme (in annex II covering REFIT initiatives). The initiative fits within the general framework regarding professional drivers of trucks and buses, and is closely related to road safety. It is also in line with the Commission’s 2011 Transport white paper and the 2010 communication ‘Towards a European road safety area: policy orientations on road safety 2011-2020’, which ...

The revision of existing provisions regarding the training of professional drivers was announced in the 2017 Commission Work Programme (in annex II covering REFIT initiatives). The initiative fits within the general framework regarding professional drivers of trucks and buses, and is closely related to road safety. It is also in line with the Commission’s 2011 Transport white paper and the 2010 communication ‘Towards a European road safety area: policy orientations on road safety 2011-2020’, which notably sought to improve road safety through the education, training and post licence training of road users. On 1 February 2017, the Commission adopted a legislative proposal to amend Directive 2003/59/EC and Directive 2006/126/EC, with the objective of tackling the main shortcomings identified in the implementation of the existing legislation. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Training of professional drivers

06-03-2018

On 1 February 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal to revise existing provisions concerning the training of professional drivers (lorry and bus drivers). The proposal amends Directive 2003/59/EC on the initial qualification and periodic training of drivers of certain road vehicles for the carriage of goods or passengers and Directive 2006/126/EC on driving licences, with the objective of tackling the main shortcomings identified in the implementation of the existing legislation. Parliament ...

On 1 February 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal to revise existing provisions concerning the training of professional drivers (lorry and bus drivers). The proposal amends Directive 2003/59/EC on the initial qualification and periodic training of drivers of certain road vehicles for the carriage of goods or passengers and Directive 2006/126/EC on driving licences, with the objective of tackling the main shortcomings identified in the implementation of the existing legislation. Parliament is due to vote on the proposal during its March plenary session.

Recognition of professional qualifications in inland navigation

15-02-2018

To enhance labour mobility, the European Commission proposed in 2016 to establish a common system of qualifications for workers on EU inland waterways, based on their competence. While the previous EU legislation applied only to boatmasters, the proposal introduced harmonised rules for all deck crew members and extended the scope of legislation to the previously excluded River Rhine. After interinstitutional negotiations concluded on 27 June 2017, the European Parliament adopted the agreed text on ...

To enhance labour mobility, the European Commission proposed in 2016 to establish a common system of qualifications for workers on EU inland waterways, based on their competence. While the previous EU legislation applied only to boatmasters, the proposal introduced harmonised rules for all deck crew members and extended the scope of legislation to the previously excluded River Rhine. After interinstitutional negotiations concluded on 27 June 2017, the European Parliament adopted the agreed text on 14 November 2017 and the Council approved the EP position on 4 December 2017. The final act was published in the Official Journal on 27 December 2017. Member States have until 17 January 2022 to transpose the provisions into their national law. Fifth edition. The EU Legislation in Progress Briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE 608.799, November 2017.

Avvenimenti fil-ġejjieni

16-06-2021
Public hearing on “Future of EU-UK fisheries relations after Brexit”
Smigħ -
PECH
16-06-2021
FISC meets with Finance Committee of the Assemblée nationale
Avveniment ieħor -
FISC
16-06-2021
Joint Hearing on "How to treat farmers in a fair and equal manner across the EU"
Smigħ -
PETI AGRI

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