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Current membership of the European Council

18-06-2021

The European Council consists of the 27 Heads of State or Government of the EU Member States, who are voting members, together with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission, who have no vote (Article 15(2) TEU). The chart shows the current members, the national office they hold and their political affiliation, as well as the year their membership of the institution began. This publication is updated periodically to reflect changes in the European Council's ...

The European Council consists of the 27 Heads of State or Government of the EU Member States, who are voting members, together with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission, who have no vote (Article 15(2) TEU). The chart shows the current members, the national office they hold and their political affiliation, as well as the year their membership of the institution began. This publication is updated periodically to reflect changes in the European Council's membership.

Climate action in Bulgaria: Latest state of play

18-02-2021

EU legislation requires Member States to adopt national energy and climate plans (NECPs) for the 2021-2030 period in order to contribute to the EU's binding climate and energy targets for 2030. Each individual final NECP has been assessed by the European Commission. The assessments were published in October 2020. Bulgaria submitted its final NECP in March 2020, taking into consideration the recommendations of the Commission on the draft report. In the1990s, Bulgaria experienced structural economic ...

EU legislation requires Member States to adopt national energy and climate plans (NECPs) for the 2021-2030 period in order to contribute to the EU's binding climate and energy targets for 2030. Each individual final NECP has been assessed by the European Commission. The assessments were published in October 2020. Bulgaria submitted its final NECP in March 2020, taking into consideration the recommendations of the Commission on the draft report. In the1990s, Bulgaria experienced structural economic changes relating to its transition to a market-based economy. In 1990, the country accounted for total emissions of 103 million tonnes of CO2-equivalent (MtCO2e) (excluding land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) and including international aviation). In 2005, its total GHG emissions decreased by 37 % compared with 1990, while in 2019 they were 44 % below the 1990 level. Bulgaria's NECP identifies several reasons for the reduction in total GHG emissions. These include: structural changes in industry, such as the decline in energy-intensive enterprises, an increased share of hydro and nuclear electricity, implementation of energy efficiency measures in the housing sector, and a shift from solid and liquid fuels to natural gas in energy consumption. However, according to the country report under the 2020 European Semester, Bulgaria is the most GHG-intensive economy in the European Union, and coal is still the main source of energy.

Amending Budget No 1/2020: Support to Greece to face migration pressure, measures to fight coronavirus and reconstruction assistance to Albania

15-04-2020

Draft Amending Budget No 1/2020 (DAB 1/2020) would provide additional funds to help address the needs arising from the increased migration pressures in Greece, assist Member States to limit the impact of the coronavirus outbreak through meeting needs for equipment and medical products, and contribute to Albania's post-earthquake reconstruction. The European Parliament is expected to vote, under the urgent procedure, on the Council position on DAB 1/2020 during the 16-17 April plenary session.

Draft Amending Budget No 1/2020 (DAB 1/2020) would provide additional funds to help address the needs arising from the increased migration pressures in Greece, assist Member States to limit the impact of the coronavirus outbreak through meeting needs for equipment and medical products, and contribute to Albania's post-earthquake reconstruction. The European Parliament is expected to vote, under the urgent procedure, on the Council position on DAB 1/2020 during the 16-17 April plenary session.

Fact-finding visit to Bulgaria

05-02-2020

The PETI Committee decided to organise a fact-finding visit to Bulgaria as a result of a relatively large number of petitions it has received from Bulgarian citizens on the Bulgarian Code of Civil Procedure (CCP). Petitioners allege breaches of consumer rights, corruption, the role of bailiffs, violation of the right to a fair trial, and breaches of Directive 93/13/EEC on unfair terms in consumer contracts. The aim of the visit is to hear the petitioners and to investigate and discuss the subject ...

The PETI Committee decided to organise a fact-finding visit to Bulgaria as a result of a relatively large number of petitions it has received from Bulgarian citizens on the Bulgarian Code of Civil Procedure (CCP). Petitioners allege breaches of consumer rights, corruption, the role of bailiffs, violation of the right to a fair trial, and breaches of Directive 93/13/EEC on unfair terms in consumer contracts. The aim of the visit is to hear the petitioners and to investigate and discuss the subject matter of the petitions with the Bulgarian authorities.

Economic Dialogue and Exchange of Views with the President of the Council (ECOFIN)

20-01-2020

Zdravko Marić, Minister of Finance of Croatia, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of President of the ECOFIN Council during the Croatian Presidency (January-June 2020). In accordance with the Treaty of the Union, “Member States shall regard their economic policies as a matter of common concern and shall coordinate them within the Council”. This briefing provides an overview of the Croatian Presidency priorities in ECON matters, including the deepening of EMU, and the Council’ ...

Zdravko Marić, Minister of Finance of Croatia, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of President of the ECOFIN Council during the Croatian Presidency (January-June 2020). In accordance with the Treaty of the Union, “Member States shall regard their economic policies as a matter of common concern and shall coordinate them within the Council”. This briefing provides an overview of the Croatian Presidency priorities in ECON matters, including the deepening of EMU, and the Council’s work relating to the implementation of the European Semester for economic coordination.

Challenges for the euro area [What Think Tanks are thinking]

08-06-2018

In June, the Heads of State or Government of the countries sharing the euro currency will discuss ways to improve the functioning of the euro area. French President Emmanuel Macron has proposed an ambitious reform plan, but Germany, the euro area’s economic powerhouse, is more cautious. Despite continued growth, after years of stagnation, the euro area needs better governance to meet future challenges, economic analysts say. They add that recent political developments in Italy may complicate the ...

In June, the Heads of State or Government of the countries sharing the euro currency will discuss ways to improve the functioning of the euro area. French President Emmanuel Macron has proposed an ambitious reform plan, but Germany, the euro area’s economic powerhouse, is more cautious. Despite continued growth, after years of stagnation, the euro area needs better governance to meet future challenges, economic analysts say. They add that recent political developments in Italy may complicate the drive for reform, as could unstable political situations elsewhere. This note brings together commentaries, analyses and studies by major international think tanks and research institutes on challenges facing the euro area and related issues. Earlier publications on the topic can be found in a previous edition of 'What Think Tanks are Thinking' published in December 2017.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - April 2018

16-04-2018

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Economic Dialogue and Exchange of Views with the Presidents of the Council (ECOFIN)

23-01-2018

Toomas Tõniste, Minister of Finance of Estonia, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of the outgoing President of the ECOFIN Council following the Estonia’s Presidency (July - December 2017). Vladislav Goranov, Minister of Finance of Bulgaria, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of the incoming President of the ECOFIN Council during the Bulgaria’s Presidency (January - July 2018). This briefing provides an overview of the main achievements of the Estonian Presidency ...

Toomas Tõniste, Minister of Finance of Estonia, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of the outgoing President of the ECOFIN Council following the Estonia’s Presidency (July - December 2017). Vladislav Goranov, Minister of Finance of Bulgaria, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of the incoming President of the ECOFIN Council during the Bulgaria’s Presidency (January - July 2018). This briefing provides an overview of the main achievements of the Estonian Presidency, the Bulgaria Presidency priorities in the economic and financial areas, the recent developments under the European Semester, the implementation of the SGP, the MIP as well as the Banking Union. Finally, it presents the latest developments under the third financial assistance programme to Greece. According to the Treaty of the Union “Member States shall regard their economic policies as a matter of common concern and shall coordinate them within the Council”.

Assessment of the 10 years’ Cooperation and Verification Mechanism for Bulgaria and Romania

21-12-2017

This study takes stock of the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM) agreed between the European Commission and Bulgaria and Romania in 2007. It reviews the progress made regarding judicial reform, combatting corruption, and organised crime (in Bulgaria’s case), looks at the measures adopted in response to the latest Commission recommendations, and examines how the CVM has performed overall. The report includes recommendations on the future of the CVM.

This study takes stock of the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM) agreed between the European Commission and Bulgaria and Romania in 2007. It reviews the progress made regarding judicial reform, combatting corruption, and organised crime (in Bulgaria’s case), looks at the measures adopted in response to the latest Commission recommendations, and examines how the CVM has performed overall. The report includes recommendations on the future of the CVM.

Awtur estern

Caroline Chandler, The Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services LLP Eugénie Lale-Demoz, The Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services LLP Mr Jack Malan, The Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services LLP Mr Stephan Kreutzer, The Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services LLP

Priority dossiers under the Bulgarian EU Council Presidency

06-12-2017

Bulgaria will hold the EU Council Presidency from January to June 2018. This will be the first time Bulgaria has held the rotating presidency since it joined the EU in 2007. Its Presidency is part of the Trio Presidency composed of Estonia, Bulgaria and Austria. It is to be noted that a new Joint Declaration is being prepared and will be negotiated by the three Presidents in early December 2017. It is likely that the new Joint Declaration will cover January 2018-May 2019, to coincide with the legislative ...

Bulgaria will hold the EU Council Presidency from January to June 2018. This will be the first time Bulgaria has held the rotating presidency since it joined the EU in 2007. Its Presidency is part of the Trio Presidency composed of Estonia, Bulgaria and Austria. It is to be noted that a new Joint Declaration is being prepared and will be negotiated by the three Presidents in early December 2017. It is likely that the new Joint Declaration will cover January 2018-May 2019, to coincide with the legislative cycle of the European Parliament. Taking into account the need for active dialogue with EU citizens, Bulgaria will strive to achieve progress in the field of security, employment, sustainable growth and ensuring a stronger EU presence on the world stage. In particular, it tasks itself with focusing on youth questions and security issues as horizontal priorities. The Bulgarian government has announced three broad messages for its programme: Consensus, Competitiveness and Cohesion.

Avvenimenti fil-ġejjieni

21-09-2021
EPRS online Book Talk with David Harley: Inside the room - Shaping Europe, 1992-2010
Avveniment ieħor -
EPRS
21-09-2021
Putting the 'e' in e-health
Sessjoni ta' ħidma -
STOA
27-09-2021
Turning the tide on cancer: the national parliaments' view on Europe's Cancer Plan
Avveniment ieħor -
BECA

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