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PANA committee of inquiry

05-12-2017

The European Parliament's 'Committee of Inquiry to investigate alleged contraventions and maladministration in the application of Union law in relation to money laundering, tax avoidance and tax evasion' (PANA committee) was established in June 2016. Its report and the recommendation submitted for adoption by the European Parliament's December plenary session now pave the way for further monitoring and follow-up actions.

The European Parliament's 'Committee of Inquiry to investigate alleged contraventions and maladministration in the application of Union law in relation to money laundering, tax avoidance and tax evasion' (PANA committee) was established in June 2016. Its report and the recommendation submitted for adoption by the European Parliament's December plenary session now pave the way for further monitoring and follow-up actions.

Addressing Developing Countries’ Challenges in Free Trade Implementation

02-02-2017

The present study places the potential effects of Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) liberalisation on government revenue in signatory states within the broader context of regional integration and global liberalisation. Based on a review of the secondary literature it finds that the revenue effect may be severe in some, but by no means all, cases and that the forecasts now need to be updated by country-level studies using the details of liberalisation schedules actually agreed. The evidence also ...

The present study places the potential effects of Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) liberalisation on government revenue in signatory states within the broader context of regional integration and global liberalisation. Based on a review of the secondary literature it finds that the revenue effect may be severe in some, but by no means all, cases and that the forecasts now need to be updated by country-level studies using the details of liberalisation schedules actually agreed. The evidence also suggests that poor countries find it very hard to replace government revenue lost through liberalisation but that where there have been successes the measures taken include those needed to increase any gains from regional and global trade integration. Such reforms require sustained commitment (by donors and recipients) over many years. The stresses created by EPAs (and regional liberalisation) increase the need for such commitment; but they also offer an opportunity since they include an appropriate framework for providing appropriate assistance. Yet data on flows of aid for trade do not indicate that an adequate commitment has yet been made. Six recommendations are made on actions that the European Parliament might champion to reduce the risks of an ‘EPA revenue squeeze’ in ways that support recipients’ capacity to benefit from greater regional and global integration.

Awtur estern

Isabella MASSA and Christopher STEVENS (Overseas Development Institute)

International Taxation and Tax Rulings: Policy issues at Challenging Times

09-06-2016

Reforming international taxation is a complex and difficult matter that will be the subject of continual discussion and negotiation for years to come. Since most major players are willing to settle for incremental change toward a better system, the world should be able to do better than now when it comes to taxing international income flows relatively fairly and efficiently. Given the complexity of the issues at stake, expert views are likely to provide great real value added. In this vein, and at ...

Reforming international taxation is a complex and difficult matter that will be the subject of continual discussion and negotiation for years to come. Since most major players are willing to settle for incremental change toward a better system, the world should be able to do better than now when it comes to taxing international income flows relatively fairly and efficiently. Given the complexity of the issues at stake, expert views are likely to provide great real value added. In this vein, and at the request of the Special Committee of the European Parliament on Tax Rulings (TAXE2), this compilation of three papers by people from academia specialized in International Taxation, Tax Rulings and State Aid has been prepared by the Policy Department A.

Awtur estern

John VELLA (Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation, Saïd Business School, the UK), Elly VAN DE VELDE (Hasselt University and University of Antwerp, Belgium) and Raymond LUJA (Maastrich Centre for Taxation, Maastricht University, the Netherland)

Anti-tax-avoidance directive

03-06-2016

The proposal for a directive on 'Rules against tax avoidance practices that directly affect the functioning of the internal market' is one of two legislative proposals of the 28 January 2016 European Commission 'anti-tax-avoidance package'. Linked with the OECD/G20 Base erosion and profit shifting action plan (BEPS), it targets schemes where corporate taxpayers operating businesses in several countries take advantage of disparities and loopholes to reduce their tax bills. The objective is to realign ...

The proposal for a directive on 'Rules against tax avoidance practices that directly affect the functioning of the internal market' is one of two legislative proposals of the 28 January 2016 European Commission 'anti-tax-avoidance package'. Linked with the OECD/G20 Base erosion and profit shifting action plan (BEPS), it targets schemes where corporate taxpayers operating businesses in several countries take advantage of disparities and loopholes to reduce their tax bills. The objective is to realign corporate taxation with the relevant business substance (income) of the corporate taxpayer, fighting against aggressive corporate tax avoidance. The proposed directive sets legally binding minimum standards for six practices. Three of these are included in the BEPS action plan (interest limitation rules, controlled foreign company rules, and rules on hybrid mismatches). The other three (a general anti-abuse rule, exit taxation rules and a switch-over clause came out of discussions on the common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB) proposal. As a tax measure, Parliament is only consulted, with the proposal to be adopted by the Council. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Understanding the OECD tax plan to address 'base erosion and profit shifting' – BEPS

14-04-2016

Action to fight corporate tax avoidance has been deemed necessary in the OECD forum, where further impetus has been given via the G20/OECD 'Base erosion and profit shifting' action plan (known as BEPS), initiated in 2013. Applied in a substantially changed context, existing tax rules set up a century ago are not only outdated but have also been shown to have flaws that create opportunities for BEPS practices and thus need to be dealt with. The BEPS action plan has 15 actions covering elements used ...

Action to fight corporate tax avoidance has been deemed necessary in the OECD forum, where further impetus has been given via the G20/OECD 'Base erosion and profit shifting' action plan (known as BEPS), initiated in 2013. Applied in a substantially changed context, existing tax rules set up a century ago are not only outdated but have also been shown to have flaws that create opportunities for BEPS practices and thus need to be dealt with. The BEPS action plan has 15 actions covering elements used in corporate tax-avoidance practices and aggressive tax-planning schemes. The 15 BEPS final reports were prepared over two years, involving OECD and G20 countries. The reports were finalised in autumn 2015 and endorsed by G20 leaders at their summit in Antalya, Turkey, in November 2015. They cover common forms of BEPS practices. The reports are generally seen as a step in the fight against corporate tax avoidance. The action against BEPS is designed to be flexible as a consequence of its adoption by consensus. Recommendations made in BEPS reports range from minimum standards to guidelines, and also putting in place an instrument to modify the provisions of tax treaties related to BEPS practices. Implementation is under way, and the follow-up and future of work to tackle BEPS is organised so as to provide a more inclusive framework able to involve more countries. EU rules already cover some of the BEPS actions. And the January 2016 'anti-tax avoidance package' introduces further measures, including a proposed directive providing for country-by-country reporting and another setting out anti-abuse measures against common forms of aggressive tax planning.