'Conflict Traps' - The Economic Dimension and Impact of Natural Resources and Elections on Conflicts

04-07-2008

Introduction Violent internal conflict inflicts death, disease and displacement upon the mass of ordinary people who are not active participants. It also inflicts large and persistent economic costs, and so is ‘development in reverse’. Finally, it is an illegitimate means of political change whose typical political legacy is deterioration in human rights, and a heightened risk of further violent conflict. Historically, post-conflict situations have had a 40% rate of relapse into civil war within the first decade. The prevention of violent internal conflict is therefore quite properly a key concern of international policy. In this paper I discuss the efficacy of both economic and political interventions. I first review the evidence on the causes of large-scale violent internal conflict. This provides at least some guide to prevention. [...]

Introduction Violent internal conflict inflicts death, disease and displacement upon the mass of ordinary people who are not active participants. It also inflicts large and persistent economic costs, and so is ‘development in reverse’. Finally, it is an illegitimate means of political change whose typical political legacy is deterioration in human rights, and a heightened risk of further violent conflict. Historically, post-conflict situations have had a 40% rate of relapse into civil war within the first decade. The prevention of violent internal conflict is therefore quite properly a key concern of international policy. In this paper I discuss the efficacy of both economic and political interventions. I first review the evidence on the causes of large-scale violent internal conflict. This provides at least some guide to prevention. [...]

Externe auteur

Paul Collier (Centre for the Study of African Economies, Department of Economics, Oxford University)