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The link between biodiversity loss and the increasing spread of zoonotic diseases

22-12-2020

Over the last decades, a variety of fatal infectious diseases have had zoonotic origins. The linkages between hosts, vectors, parasites and pathogens can be influenced by a multitude of factors, such as biodiversity, wildlife and land use. High levels of biodiversity may be a potential source of pathogen transmission, but biodiversity loss can also promote transmission by increasing the number of competent hosts for a pathogen. Biodiversity conservation reduces the risk of zoonotic diseases when ...

Over the last decades, a variety of fatal infectious diseases have had zoonotic origins. The linkages between hosts, vectors, parasites and pathogens can be influenced by a multitude of factors, such as biodiversity, wildlife and land use. High levels of biodiversity may be a potential source of pathogen transmission, but biodiversity loss can also promote transmission by increasing the number of competent hosts for a pathogen. Biodiversity conservation reduces the risk of zoonotic diseases when it provides additional habitats for species and reduces the potential contact between wildlife, livestock and humans. Additionally, host and vector management is a viable option. Other crucial measures include the restriction and sanitary control of wildlife trade, while considering the needs of indigenous peoples and local communities. Each case requires an assessment of the best way to reduce risk while considering implications for other ecosystem functions or services. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

Externe auteur

Frank VAN LANGEVELDE, Hugo René RIVERA MENDOZA, Kevin D. MATSON, Helen J. ESSER, Willem F. DE BOER, Stefan SCHINDLER

Impacts of climate change and air pollution on the health of the EU population

12-11-2020

As 13% of deaths in the EU 28 Member States (EU-28) were attributable to the environment in 2012,1 it is clear that the effects of climate change are having tangible consequences for the European population. Its pace and intensity could thus lead to increasing health risks accross the EU. Globally, temperatures have already risen by 1°C above pre-industrial levels and a temperature increase of more than 2°C would lead to even greater health risks, especially for vulnerable populations such as the ...

As 13% of deaths in the EU 28 Member States (EU-28) were attributable to the environment in 2012,1 it is clear that the effects of climate change are having tangible consequences for the European population. Its pace and intensity could thus lead to increasing health risks accross the EU. Globally, temperatures have already risen by 1°C above pre-industrial levels and a temperature increase of more than 2°C would lead to even greater health risks, especially for vulnerable populations such as the elderly and children. There is therefore an urgent need for integrated strategies for adaptation and mitigation. Adaptation is aimed at reducing the climate change’s negative effects as well as at taking advantage of any opportunities that it creates, whereas mitigation strategies’ objective is to tackle the cause of climate change while minimising its possible impacts and potentially offering health (co)benefits.

Externe auteur

Hélène ROSSINOT

Cross-border threats to health: EU action on preparedness and response

10-01-2020

Serious threats to health – such as those due to infectious disease outbreaks or environmental factors – do not respect borders. They do, however, require cross-border cooperation and a coordinated response. Decision No 1082/2013/EU is the framework for European Union action on health emergencies. It provides for information exchange, risk assessment and joint procurement, among other mechanisms. The EU-level response is coordinated by the Health Security Committee. The European Centre for Disease ...

Serious threats to health – such as those due to infectious disease outbreaks or environmental factors – do not respect borders. They do, however, require cross-border cooperation and a coordinated response. Decision No 1082/2013/EU is the framework for European Union action on health emergencies. It provides for information exchange, risk assessment and joint procurement, among other mechanisms. The EU-level response is coordinated by the Health Security Committee. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control meanwhile plays a crucial role in identifying, assessing and communicating threats to health from communicable diseases. Parliament has adopted own-initiative and legislative resolutions focusing both on the general and more specific aspects of cross-border threats to health. At global level, all EU Member States are party to the legally binding International Health Regulations that require them to develop, strengthen and maintain core public health capacities for surveillance and response. Implementation is coordinated by the World Health Organization. Going forward, Member States have expressed interest in exploiting the potential of joint procurement beyond pandemic influenza vaccines. Moreover, a joint action on strengthened International Health Regulations and preparedness in the EU has recently been launched, focusing, in particular, on countering biological and chemical terror attacks in Europe across the health, security and civil protection sectors.

Communicable Diseases: EU Response to HIV, Tuberculosis and Hepatitis C

15-04-2016

In February 2016 a workshop was held on "Communicable Diseases: EU response to HIV, TB and Hepatitis C", hosted by Ms Glenis WILLMOTT and Mr Alojz PETERLE, co-Chairs of the Health Working Group of the ENVI Committee. It included presentations by representatives of European Commission DG Health and Food Safety, the ECDC-European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe and civil society representatives. The workshop and this publication were ...

In February 2016 a workshop was held on "Communicable Diseases: EU response to HIV, TB and Hepatitis C", hosted by Ms Glenis WILLMOTT and Mr Alojz PETERLE, co-Chairs of the Health Working Group of the ENVI Committee. It included presentations by representatives of European Commission DG Health and Food Safety, the ECDC-European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe and civil society representatives. The workshop and this publication were carried out by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

Externe auteur

Martin SEYCHELL, Andrea AMMON, Antons MOZALEVSKIS and Fanny VOITZWINKLER

Zika virus outbreak: Update on developments

07-04-2016

The Zika virus continues to spread, and there is now strong evidence that it is linked to birth defects and neurological complications. Warnings to pregnant women against travel to affected areas have been stepped up. In view of the summer season, the risk of local transmission in Europe now needs careful consideration, as do the strategies to control the mosquito species that are potential vectors of the Zika virus. This 'At a glance' notes updates an earlier edition, of 25 February 2015: PE 577.988 ...

The Zika virus continues to spread, and there is now strong evidence that it is linked to birth defects and neurological complications. Warnings to pregnant women against travel to affected areas have been stepped up. In view of the summer season, the risk of local transmission in Europe now needs careful consideration, as do the strategies to control the mosquito species that are potential vectors of the Zika virus. This 'At a glance' notes updates an earlier edition, of 25 February 2015: PE 577.988.

Zika virus: Stepping up preparedness

25-02-2016

The rapid spread of the Zika virus, and especially its suspected link with an observed increase in congenital malformations and other neurological complications, has created worries. The response strategy globally, including in the EU, is taking shape. Where do we stand?

The rapid spread of the Zika virus, and especially its suspected link with an observed increase in congenital malformations and other neurological complications, has created worries. The response strategy globally, including in the EU, is taking shape. Where do we stand?

The public health dimension of the European migrant crisis

08-01-2016

Europe is currently experiencing an unprecedented influx of refugees, asylum seekers and other migrants. European Union Member States are faced with a pressing need to address, among other issues, the resulting public health consequences. The challenges for public health authorities relate to migrants' individual health problems, whether these affect the resident population, and how to respond adequately to their needs, including providing access to healthcare. The risk of an outbreak of infectious ...

Europe is currently experiencing an unprecedented influx of refugees, asylum seekers and other migrants. European Union Member States are faced with a pressing need to address, among other issues, the resulting public health consequences. The challenges for public health authorities relate to migrants' individual health problems, whether these affect the resident population, and how to respond adequately to their needs, including providing access to healthcare. The risk of an outbreak of infectious diseases resulting from the arrival of migrant populations is extremely low. These diseases are primarily associated with poverty, and refugees and migrants are exposed mainly to infectious diseases that are common in Europe, independently of migration. In terms of an immediate public health response, the World Health Organization recommends a triage of migrants, followed by proper diagnosis and treatment targeting specific groups. It advocates full access to high-quality care for all migrants, irrespective of their legal status. In the longer term, it stresses the need to ensure that national health systems are adequately prepared. The European Parliament has repeatedly emphasised the importance of providing healthcare to vulnerable groups such as migrants, independently of their legal status. The European Commission has mobilised emergency funding and supports projects under the European Union Health Programme. Moreover, it recently introduced the 'personal health record' for establishing migrants' medical needs, to be made available in locations where groups of migrants enter the European Union. In addition, the European Centre for Disease Control has issued expert scientific advice.

Safer Healthcare in Europe: Improving Patient Safety and Fighting Antimicrobial Resistance

13-07-2015

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on ‘Safer healthcare in Europe: improving patient safety and fighting antimicrobial resistance’, held at the European Parliament in Brussels, on Tuesday 24 February 2015. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the main challenges and future perspectives related to the topic of patient safety and the threat of antimicrobial resistance in Europe. The workshop was hosted by MEP Piernicola PEDICINI, ENVI Committee Rapporteur for ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on ‘Safer healthcare in Europe: improving patient safety and fighting antimicrobial resistance’, held at the European Parliament in Brussels, on Tuesday 24 February 2015. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the main challenges and future perspectives related to the topic of patient safety and the threat of antimicrobial resistance in Europe. The workshop was hosted by MEP Piernicola PEDICINI, ENVI Committee Rapporteur for the Parliament’s own initiative report on this topic.

Externe auteur

Piernicola PEDICIN (MEP, European Parliament), Maria IGLESIA (European Commission), Dominique MONNET (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - ECDC), Cristina PADEANU (European Patients’ Forum - EPF), Andrea SORICELLI (University Parthenope of Naples ; Institute of Diagnostic and Nuclear Development - SDN Foundation), Marta HUGAS (European Food Safety Agency - EFSA), Antoine ANDREMONT (Hôpital Bichat Claude-Bernard, AP-HP) and Janice SCOTT (Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust)

The European Year for Development: Health

26-03-2015

Although enjoying the highest possible standard of health is a human right, millions of people suffer from preventable and curable diseases. The Millennium Development Goals strongly emphasised health, leading to increased investment in the health sector. Major progress has been made in reducing child and maternal mortality, and in combatting communicable diseases, but several regions will not meet the health targets. The Ebola outbreak has drawn attention to the need for international cooperation ...

Although enjoying the highest possible standard of health is a human right, millions of people suffer from preventable and curable diseases. The Millennium Development Goals strongly emphasised health, leading to increased investment in the health sector. Major progress has been made in reducing child and maternal mortality, and in combatting communicable diseases, but several regions will not meet the health targets. The Ebola outbreak has drawn attention to the need for international cooperation in health matters. The European Parliament is very conscious of the lessons learnt from the Ebola crisis. The Sustainable Development Goals are likely to include new health considerations and to propose universal health coverage. Promoting and supporting equitable access to health care is a focus of EU development cooperation. EU aid in areas such as nutrition, water and sanitation and climate change also improves health. Parliament considers health a fundamental right and has called for clear financial thresholds to ensure that sufficient EU aid goes to health and education.

Outlook for the European Council Meeting of 18-19 December 2014: pre-European Council briefing

12-12-2014

This briefing gives a preliminary insight into the topics the European Council is expected to address in its next meeting on 18 and 19 December 2014. It is based on the draft annotated agenda available on the European Council website and on previous European Council Conclusions. The annotated draft agenda is drawn up by the President of the European Council, in close operation with the Member of the European Council representing the country holding the six-monthly Presidency of the Council, now Italy ...

This briefing gives a preliminary insight into the topics the European Council is expected to address in its next meeting on 18 and 19 December 2014. It is based on the draft annotated agenda available on the European Council website and on previous European Council Conclusions. The annotated draft agenda is drawn up by the President of the European Council, in close operation with the Member of the European Council representing the country holding the six-monthly Presidency of the Council, now Italy, and the President of the European Commission. A provisional agenda will be published after discussions on 16 December in the General Affairs Council.

Toekomstige activiteiten

27-10-2021
Public Hearing - A European Withholding Tax Framework
Hoorzitting -
FISC
27-10-2021
Public Hearing on “Impact of the Belt and Road initiative (BRI) on modal shift
Hoorzitting -
TRAN
27-10-2021
An inclusive economy for women in the green and digital transformation - side event
Diverse activiteiten -
FEMM

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