11

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Datum

'Omnibus regulation' – Agricultural provisions

06-12-2017

The proposed 'omnibus regulation' to amend EU financial rules represents the first occasion that changes to the basic regulations of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) have been formally proposed since the 2013 reform. These changes represent policy choices involving a fine-tuning and simplification of the CAP. Parliament is due to vote on the proposal during the December plenary session.

The proposed 'omnibus regulation' to amend EU financial rules represents the first occasion that changes to the basic regulations of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) have been formally proposed since the 2013 reform. These changes represent policy choices involving a fine-tuning and simplification of the CAP. Parliament is due to vote on the proposal during the December plenary session.

Research for AGRI Committee - The Interactions between the EU's External Action and the Common Agricultural Policy

07-07-2016

The CAP has been strongly influenced by the EU’s External Actions. The various Enlargements, and trade policies to favour its neighbours to both the East and South, and for its former colonies, have left their mark. However it is external pressures through the GATT/WTO that have had the most defining effect. Current pressures stem from a new generation of Free Trade agreements, the need to reduce agriculture’s greenhouse gas emissions, and to respond to Brexit.

The CAP has been strongly influenced by the EU’s External Actions. The various Enlargements, and trade policies to favour its neighbours to both the East and South, and for its former colonies, have left their mark. However it is external pressures through the GATT/WTO that have had the most defining effect. Current pressures stem from a new generation of Free Trade agreements, the need to reduce agriculture’s greenhouse gas emissions, and to respond to Brexit.

Externe auteur

Alan SWINBANK (School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, the UK)

Workshop on "Competition in the Food Retail Sector"

16-05-2016

Competition in the food retail sector is of high importance for European citizens in their daily life. Competition rules are enforced jointly by the European Commission but in practice also to a great deal by the national competition authorities. This workshop aims to give an overview on the current state of play, specific trends or developments and most imminent challenges. It will look i.a. at the following questions: Is competition working effectively? How does the market structure look like? ...

Competition in the food retail sector is of high importance for European citizens in their daily life. Competition rules are enforced jointly by the European Commission but in practice also to a great deal by the national competition authorities. This workshop aims to give an overview on the current state of play, specific trends or developments and most imminent challenges. It will look i.a. at the following questions: Is competition working effectively? How does the market structure look like? How do prices develop from the producer to the shop? And, what are the consequences of further concentration by mergers of supermarkets? This workshop and the respective document were prepared by the Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).

Externe auteur

Paul DOBSON, Elena ARGENTESI, Jacques STEENBERGEN and Philippe CHAUVE

Research for AGRI Committee - Structural Change in EU Farming: How Can the CAP Support a 21st Century European Model of Agriculture?

15-03-2016

This is the reference document of the Workshop on the "Effects of the structural changes on EU farming: How to better support the European model of agriculture of the 21st century with the CAP" of 14th March 2016, organised by the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (COMAGRI) and the Policy Department B (AGRI Research) of the European Parliament .It is structured in three parts: 1. Farm structural change in Western Europe and the CAP. 2. Farm structural change in Central and Eastern ...

This is the reference document of the Workshop on the "Effects of the structural changes on EU farming: How to better support the European model of agriculture of the 21st century with the CAP" of 14th March 2016, organised by the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (COMAGRI) and the Policy Department B (AGRI Research) of the European Parliament .It is structured in three parts: 1. Farm structural change in Western Europe and the CAP. 2. Farm structural change in Central and Eastern Europe and the CAP. 3. Food value chain in the EU - How to improve it and strengthen the bargaining power of farmers.

Externe auteur

Jan Douwe van der Ploeg, Flaminia Ventura, Pierluigi Milone, Szabolcs Biró, Gyula Dudás, Andrew Fieldsend, József Fogarasi, Eszter Hamza, Krisztina Miskó, Gyöngyi Kürthy, Norbert Potori, Katalin Rácz, Ildikó Tikász, Orsolya Tóth, Szabolcs Vágó, Edina Varga, Eszter Varga, Alessandro Sorrentino, Carlo Russo and Luca Cacchiarelli

Unfair trading practices in the business-to-business food supply chain

07-09-2015

Unfair trade practices (UTPs) are practices imposed by a stronger party in a contractual relationship that grossly deviate from good commercial conduct and are contrary to good faith and fair dealing. UTPs are present at a national level, but they can also exert a negative impact on developing trade among Member States, which in turn may hinder the development of the internal market.

Unfair trade practices (UTPs) are practices imposed by a stronger party in a contractual relationship that grossly deviate from good commercial conduct and are contrary to good faith and fair dealing. UTPs are present at a national level, but they can also exert a negative impact on developing trade among Member States, which in turn may hinder the development of the internal market.

Latest U.S. Farm Bill developments

13-08-2012

The US Senate and the House Agricultural Committee have adopted their versions of the next Farm Bill but there is no agreement on a common text. Both proposals reinforce the protection of farmers against adverse conditions. They may result in very large payments for taxpayers in particular years and could lead to WTO challenges. The US decision process is heavily influenced by vested interests, which explains the persistence of costly policies such as the inefficient insurance subsidies. Congress ...

The US Senate and the House Agricultural Committee have adopted their versions of the next Farm Bill but there is no agreement on a common text. Both proposals reinforce the protection of farmers against adverse conditions. They may result in very large payments for taxpayers in particular years and could lead to WTO challenges. The US decision process is heavily influenced by vested interests, which explains the persistence of costly policies such as the inefficient insurance subsidies. Congress proposals for the next Farm Bill may further distort international markets.

Externe auteur

Mr Jean-Christophe BUREAU - AgroParisTech

Comparative Analysis of EU Standards in Food Safety, Environment, Animal Welfare and Other Non-Trade Concerns with Some Selected Countries

15-05-2012

Standards for food safety, animal and plant health in Brazil, New Zealand and the USA are similar to those in the EU. Ukraine is in transition towards comparable standards. These topics are already incorporated in the framework of trade agreements. Standards for the environment, animal welfare and labour conditions are lower than in the EU or lacking in these countries. These topics are not or only marginally incorporated in the framework of trade agreements.

Standards for food safety, animal and plant health in Brazil, New Zealand and the USA are similar to those in the EU. Ukraine is in transition towards comparable standards. These topics are already incorporated in the framework of trade agreements. Standards for the environment, animal welfare and labour conditions are lower than in the EU or lacking in these countries. These topics are not or only marginally incorporated in the framework of trade agreements.

Externe auteur

C.P.A. van Wagenberg, F.M. Brouwer, R. Hoste and M.L. Rau (LEI, part of Wageningen UR)

Comparative Analysis of Agricultural Support within the Major Agricultural Trading Nations

15-03-2012

Indicators of real support make it possible to compare policies across countries. EU farmers are more supported than their US colleagues, but EU support generates little distortion on world markets. US and Canada adjust support to protect farmers from adverse situations. Like the growing levels of support in Russia and China, these policies generate market distortions. Swiss support is directed towards the provision of public goods. In some countries such as Brazil, agricultural support targets innovation ...

Indicators of real support make it possible to compare policies across countries. EU farmers are more supported than their US colleagues, but EU support generates little distortion on world markets. US and Canada adjust support to protect farmers from adverse situations. Like the growing levels of support in Russia and China, these policies generate market distortions. Swiss support is directed towards the provision of public goods. In some countries such as Brazil, agricultural support targets innovation while most EU support has a focus on farm income.

Externe auteur

Jean-Pierre BUTAULT, Jean-Christophe BUREAU, Heinz-Peter WITZKE and Thomas HECKELEI

New Direct Payments Scheme : Targeting and Redistribution in the Future CAP

15-02-2012

The Commission has proposed that a revised version of the present regime of direct payments should be rolled forward into the post-2013 CAP. There would be a limited redistribution of funds between Member States. Thirty per cent of the budget would be allocated to a new greening component, which would be problematic in the WTO. Non-active farmers would not qualify for aid; and payments would be capped. Special schemes would be introduced for small farmers, for young new entrants, and for disadvantaged ...

The Commission has proposed that a revised version of the present regime of direct payments should be rolled forward into the post-2013 CAP. There would be a limited redistribution of funds between Member States. Thirty per cent of the budget would be allocated to a new greening component, which would be problematic in the WTO. Non-active farmers would not qualify for aid; and payments would be capped. Special schemes would be introduced for small farmers, for young new entrants, and for disadvantaged regions.

Externe auteur

Alan SWINBANK (School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, United Kingdom)

The EU Fruit and Vegetables Sector : Overview and post-2013 CAP Perspective

15-04-2011

This study provides an overview of recent economic and policy developments of the EU F&V sector, considering ongoing changes in supply chains and market dynamics and current profiles of domestic and trade policies. Findings suggest that current difficulties for EU producers, particularly for small farming, arises mainly from longterm changes at different levels of the global F&V sector: consumers, retail and multinational agribusiness. The preliminary assessment of the 2007 reformed CMO, derived ...

This study provides an overview of recent economic and policy developments of the EU F&V sector, considering ongoing changes in supply chains and market dynamics and current profiles of domestic and trade policies. Findings suggest that current difficulties for EU producers, particularly for small farming, arises mainly from longterm changes at different levels of the global F&V sector: consumers, retail and multinational agribusiness. The preliminary assessment of the 2007 reformed CMO, derived from both National Strategies and a survey targeting POs of Italy, Spain and France, validate the cornerstones of the current EU policy schemes for the F&V sector. However plausible improvements are envisaged for support and trade protection measures in the framework of the CAP after 2013. Main proposals focus a strengthened role of POs, selecting and increasing effectiveness of crises and risk management measures, rebalancing bargaining power of POs in the supply chain, reducing fluctuations in producers’ income, refining trade policy solutions in a context of increased trading openness and further integration with Mediterranean Partner Countries.

Externe auteur

Gaetana Petriccione, Crescenzo dell’Aquila, Maria Angela Perito and Roberto Solazzo (INEA - Istituto Nazionale di Economia Agraria, Italy) ; Antonio Cioffi (University of Naples Federico II, Italy) ; José-Maria Garcia-Alvarez-Coque (University of Valencia, Spain)

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