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Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - October 2021

13-10-2021

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Alcohol labelling

30-09-2021

In its Europe's Beating Cancer plan, published in February 2021, the European Commission suggests – among other initiatives concerning cancer prevention – several actions concerning alcoholic beverages, such as limiting online advertising and promotion, and reviewing European Union (EU) legislation on the taxation of alcohol. Also among the proposals is mandatory labelling of ingredients and nutrient content on alcoholic beverages by the end of 2022. Health warnings on labels should follow by the ...

In its Europe's Beating Cancer plan, published in February 2021, the European Commission suggests – among other initiatives concerning cancer prevention – several actions concerning alcoholic beverages, such as limiting online advertising and promotion, and reviewing European Union (EU) legislation on the taxation of alcohol. Also among the proposals is mandatory labelling of ingredients and nutrient content on alcoholic beverages by the end of 2022. Health warnings on labels should follow by the end of 2023. First attempts to label ingredients of alcoholic drinks were already made in the late 1970s, however the Council was not able to agree on any of the proposed models. Furthermore, alcoholic drinks containing more than 1.2 % by volume of alcohol (ABV) are exempted from the obligation, set on other drinks and foodstuffs, to list the ingredients and make a nutritional declaration on the label. The European Commission adopted a report in 2017, concluding that it had 'not found objective grounds that would justify' the absence of information on ingredients and nutritional information on alcoholic beverages. Following on from the Commission's report, the European associations representing the alcoholic beverages sectors presented their self-regulation proposal in March 2018, suggesting that some sectors would list all ingredients on labels, while others could use online means of communication instead. Stakeholders have differing views on the desirability and feasibility of listings on-label; some would prefer this information to be allowed to be given off-label through QR-codes, apps or websites, while others absolutely insist that alcoholic drinks should be no different from other sectors of the food and drink industry. The European Parliament has called on the European Commission to consider a health warning and calorie content on alcoholic beverage labels. This is an update of a Briefing published in April 2021.

The Human Right to Drinking Water: Impact of large-scale agriculture and industry

30-09-2021

Access to safe drinking water is a human right. It is indispensable to a healthy, dignified and productive life. However, a significant proportion of the global population is not able to enjoy this human right. The purpose of this in-depth analysis is to consider the impacts of large-scale agricultural activity and industry on the progressive realisation of the human right to drinking water. In particular, it considers how the European Union and the European Parliament can better support non-EU countries ...

Access to safe drinking water is a human right. It is indispensable to a healthy, dignified and productive life. However, a significant proportion of the global population is not able to enjoy this human right. The purpose of this in-depth analysis is to consider the impacts of large-scale agricultural activity and industry on the progressive realisation of the human right to drinking water. In particular, it considers how the European Union and the European Parliament can better support non-EU countries to realise this human right. States and businesses have obligations and responsibilities towards citizens to ensure safe drinking water. However, fulfilling these obligations and responsibilities is in contention with competing water uses and economic considerations and marred by poor enabling environments and power dynamics. Achieving the human right to drinking water needs to be considered in the context of trade-offs emerging from the water-food-energy nexus where water use in one sector can have impacts on others. Virtual water embedded in the trade of agricultural goods demonstrates that demand for food can affect local water availability, posing challenges to ensuring the human right to drinking water in these places. Existing good practices focus on better recognition of obligations and responsibilities through a human rights-based approach, improved assessments of impacts, enhanced stakeholder engagement and mechanisms for due diligence. There are opportunities for the EU to extend the discussion on the human right to drinking water with other interlinked rights, noting the complex and integrated impacts of water resources.

Externe auteur

• Dr Naho MIRUMACHI • Dr Aleksandra DUDA • Jagoda GREGULSKA • Joanna SMĘTEK

United Nations Food Systems Summit 2021: Process, challenges and expectations

10-09-2021

In October 2019, the United Nations (UN) Secretary General called for a UN Food Systems Summit (UN FSS), to be held in 2021, aimed at launching bold action to transform the way the world produces, consumes and thinks about food – a crucial step in progressing on all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Summit is due to take place on 23 September 2021, as a virtual event on the margins of the UN General Assembly taking place in New York. An in-person, three-day Pre-Summit in Rome preceded ...

In October 2019, the United Nations (UN) Secretary General called for a UN Food Systems Summit (UN FSS), to be held in 2021, aimed at launching bold action to transform the way the world produces, consumes and thinks about food – a crucial step in progressing on all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Summit is due to take place on 23 September 2021, as a virtual event on the margins of the UN General Assembly taking place in New York. An in-person, three-day Pre-Summit in Rome preceded the event on 26 28 July 2021. The Summit was announced before the Covid 19 pandemic became a hunger crisis in many parts of the world. The stakes have risen acutely since then, bringing a new sense of urgency. The coronavirus crisis has thus created an opportunity to raise the level of reform ambition for global food systems, but also sparked a heated debate around the directions and shared costs of this transformation. On 23 September 2021, the UN FSS delegates are due to wrap up the process started almost two years ago, which has generated a remarkable level of mobilisation, awareness, and public debate through multiple platforms. The process so far has demonstrated that while there is ample consensus on the need for a profound reform of food systems, views diverge as to how to attain this goal. Expectations are high and the task is daunting.

Guidelines for foresight-based policy analysis

26-07-2021

Policy analysis examines and assesses problems to determine possible courses for policy action (policy options). In highly complex or controversial contexts, evidence-based policy options might not be socially acceptable. Here, policy analysis can benefit from a foresight-based approach, which helps investigate the issue holistically and assess considered evidence-based policy options against societal concerns. This is especially important in a parliamentary setting, as it enables analysts to consider ...

Policy analysis examines and assesses problems to determine possible courses for policy action (policy options). In highly complex or controversial contexts, evidence-based policy options might not be socially acceptable. Here, policy analysis can benefit from a foresight-based approach, which helps investigate the issue holistically and assess considered evidence-based policy options against societal concerns. This is especially important in a parliamentary setting, as it enables analysts to consider stakeholder views and geographical concerns/differences when assessing policy options. This manual establishes the methodology for the foresight process and foresight-informed policy analysis. It offers a conceptual clarification of foresight and foresight-based technology assessment, helps enhance the transparency of foresight processes and the quality of policy analyses, offers four general guidelines for conducting trustworthy policy analysis, and, finally, provides a practical framework with six basic components for foresight-based policy analysis.

Meeting the Green Deal objectives by alignment of technology and behaviour

09-07-2021

This study explores the prospects of aligning citizens' behaviour with the objectives of the European Green Deal in the domains of food consumption and mobility. Creating a climate-neutral and resource-efficient European economy requires a deep transformation of energy, mobility and food systems, as well as a change in production and consumption practices. Such profound change will impact both individuals and society. At the same time, the transition to sustainability will not succeed if people do ...

This study explores the prospects of aligning citizens' behaviour with the objectives of the European Green Deal in the domains of food consumption and mobility. Creating a climate-neutral and resource-efficient European economy requires a deep transformation of energy, mobility and food systems, as well as a change in production and consumption practices. Such profound change will impact both individuals and society. At the same time, the transition to sustainability will not succeed if people do not support it by adapting their behaviour and consumption patterns. This would imply change towards 'sustainable behaviour'. The study explores options for such sustainable behaviour, with a focus on mobility and food consumption. It identifies key challenges and possibilities in each domain and explores how technological solutions can help people adapt to sustainable behaviour in alignment with the objectives of the European Green Deal.

Externe auteur

This study has been written by Annika Hedberg (with the focus on food consumption), Said El Khadraoui (with the focus on mobility), and Vadim Kononenko (with the focus on understanding sustainable behaviour) at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA) and managed by the Scientific Foresight Unit, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

De EU-aanpak van migratie in het Middellandse Zeegebied

11-06-2021

In deze studie, die op verzoek van de commissie LIBE werd aangevraagd door de beleidsondersteunende afdeling Rechten van de burger en Constitutionele Zaken van het Europees Parlement, wordt de EU-aanpak van migratie in het Middellandse Zeegebied geanalyseerd, van de ontwikkelingen tijdens de vluchtelingencrisis tot de COVID-19-pandemie. De studie evalueert de impact van die gebeurtenissen op het ontwerp, de uitvoering en de hervorming van het EU-beleid inzake asiel, migratie en de controle aan de ...

In deze studie, die op verzoek van de commissie LIBE werd aangevraagd door de beleidsondersteunende afdeling Rechten van de burger en Constitutionele Zaken van het Europees Parlement, wordt de EU-aanpak van migratie in het Middellandse Zeegebied geanalyseerd, van de ontwikkelingen tijdens de vluchtelingencrisis tot de COVID-19-pandemie. De studie evalueert de impact van die gebeurtenissen op het ontwerp, de uitvoering en de hervorming van het EU-beleid inzake asiel, migratie en de controle aan de buitengrenzen. De studie omvat een overzicht van de stand van zaken wat betreft de relevante EU-wetgeving en de uitvoering daarvan, een evaluatie van de situatie in het Middellandse Zeegebied en een grondige analyse van de externe dimensie, gericht op de samenwerking met derde landen (Turkije, Libië en Niger), met inbegrip van overwegingen op het gebied van mensenrechten en het vluchtelingenrecht en een analyse van de gevolgen van de toewijzingen van financiering in het kader van het trustfonds voor Afrika en de faciliteit voor vluchtelingen in Turkije. De belangrijkste doelstelling is te toetsen of het EU- en het internationaal recht correct worden toegepast, gezien de toegenomen beschuldigingen van mensenrechtenschendingen, onterechte strafbaarstelling en medeplichtigheid van de EU aan gruweldaden tegen migranten die zich op zee bevinden, die zijn gestrand in Libië of die worden tegengehouden in Niger en Turkije. Ook de rol van de EUagentschappen (Frontex en EASO) wordt beoordeeld, evenals de door lidstaten goedgekeurde bilaterale of multilaterale initiatieven, met het solidariteitsbeginsel als horizontale overweging.

Externe auteur

Violeta MORENO-LAX,Jennifer ALLSOPP,Evangelia (Lilian) TSOURDI,Philippe DE BRUYCKER,Andreina DE LEO

Research for ANIT Committee: The practices of animal welfare during transport in third countries: an overview

31-05-2021

The purpose of this study is to review animal welfare practices during transport in and to third countries. It compares the practices, guidelines and tools used by main trading partners with the EU and European standards. It also provides concrete policy recommendations on how to improve the current EU legislation on animal welfare during transport, taking practices in third countries, reports from the Commission, scientific work, enforcement practices by competent authorities, and reports from NGOs ...

The purpose of this study is to review animal welfare practices during transport in and to third countries. It compares the practices, guidelines and tools used by main trading partners with the EU and European standards. It also provides concrete policy recommendations on how to improve the current EU legislation on animal welfare during transport, taking practices in third countries, reports from the Commission, scientific work, enforcement practices by competent authorities, and reports from NGOs into account. The study is based on survey and desk research. Recommendations are made to address the challenges identified

Externe auteur

Friedrich – Loeffler – Institut: Michael MARAHRENS and Isa KERNBERGER-FISCHER

Taking the EU's 'farm to fork' strategy forward

25-05-2021

The 'farm to fork' strategy is a roadmap to build a sustainable European Union (EU) food system, in line with the aims of the European Green Deal. Launched in May 2020, the strategy includes initiatives that are progressing at different speeds. The EU institutions are helping to shape the various elements of the strategy.

The 'farm to fork' strategy is a roadmap to build a sustainable European Union (EU) food system, in line with the aims of the European Green Deal. Launched in May 2020, the strategy includes initiatives that are progressing at different speeds. The EU institutions are helping to shape the various elements of the strategy.

Research for ANIT Committee: Particular welfare needs in animal transport: unweaned animals and pregnant females

20-05-2021

This study provides a technical overview and policy recommendations of the welfare need during transport of unweaned animals and pregnant females. During long journeys unweaned calves may experience negative welfare consequences such as prolonged hunger and thirst, resting problems, thermal stress and diseases. Further research is needed to develop appropriate methods to determine the gestational age during late pregnancy when the date of insemination or matting is unavailable, as well as to establish ...

This study provides a technical overview and policy recommendations of the welfare need during transport of unweaned animals and pregnant females. During long journeys unweaned calves may experience negative welfare consequences such as prolonged hunger and thirst, resting problems, thermal stress and diseases. Further research is needed to develop appropriate methods to determine the gestational age during late pregnancy when the date of insemination or matting is unavailable, as well as to establish the gestational age at which females are at particular risk of suffering poor welfare during transport.

Externe auteur

Dr. Antonio VELARDE1, Dr. Dayane TEIXEIRA1, Dr. Maria DEVANT2, Dr. Sonia MARTÍ2 1 Animal Welfare Program, Institute for Food and Agriculture Research and Technology (IRTA) Veïnat de Síes, 17121 Girona, Spain; 2Ruminant Production, Institute for Food and Agriculture Research and Technology (IRTA), Caldes de Montbui, 08140 Barcelona, Spain.

Toekomstige activiteiten

25-10-2021
European Gender Equality Week - October 25-28, 2021
Diverse activiteiten -
FEMM AFET DROI SEDE DEVE BUDG CONT ECON EMPL ITRE TRAN AGRI PECH CULT JURI PETI
25-10-2021
Capacity for proper expenditure controls of the increased budget of the MFF and NGEU
Hoorzitting -
CONT
25-10-2021
Ninth meeting of the Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group on Europol, 25-26 October
Diverse activiteiten -
LIBE

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