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Since the People's Republic of China (PRC) launched its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in 2013, President Xi Jinping's signature foreign policy project has drawn widespread criticism, including for challenging the traditional model of multilateral infrastructure financing. Western-led bilateral and plurilateral infrastructure and connectivity initiatives designed as alternatives have remained fragmented and have been dwarfed in scope and scale by a geographically and thematically rapidly expanding ...

The 50-year-old controversy between Japan, the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Taiwan over the sovereignty of a group of tiny, uninhabited islets and rocks in the East China Sea, administered by Japan and referred to as the Senkaku Islands in Japan, as the Diaoyu Islands in the PRC and as the Diaoyutai Islands in Taiwan has become a proxy battlefield in the growing Sino-US great power competition in the Indo-Pacific, against the backdrop of a widening Sino-Japanese power gap. Since 1971, when ...

On 12 December 2019, the European Commission adopted a proposal to amend Regulation (EU) No 654/2014 concerning the exercise of the EU's rights for the application and enforcement of international trade rules ('the Enforcement Regulation') of 15 May 2014. The Enforcement Regulation enables the EU to suspend or withdraw concessions or other obligations under international trade agreements in order to respond to breaches by third countries of international trade rules that affect the EU's commercial ...

Lack of reciprocity in access to the Chinese market and the absence of a level playing field for EU investors in China have posed major challenges for EU-China investment relations in recent years, with the negotiation of a comprehensive agreement on investment (CAI) being considered by the EU a key instrument to remedy this state of play. The CAI negotiations aimed at establishing a uniform legal framework for EU-China investment ties by replacing the 25 outdated bilateral investment treaties (BITs ...

Of all the disputed areas claimed by China, the South China Sea (SCS) has been the most prominent in recent years, since it involves the largest number of actors with overlapping claims to maritime features and waters, as well as non-claimant countries, owing to its strategic importance as one of the world's busiest shipping lanes. In 2020, China stepped up its salami-slicing tactics to assert its sweeping 'historic' rights, while Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam dismissed them in ...

Taiwan in 2020 and beyond

W skrócie 24-02-2021

The Taiwanese went to the polls in early 2020 and overwhelmingly elected President Tsai Ing-wen of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) for a second term, while navigating pervasive disinformation and influence operations and closely watching events in Hong Kong. The Covid-19 pandemic was an opportunity for Taiwan to leverage its robust virus containment policy for global outreach. The self-ruled democratic island somewhat reduced its economic overreliance on mainland China through diversification ...

In 2013, China proposed to establish the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) as a new source of infrastructure financing in Asia. Like the China-led Belt and Road Initiative, the AIIB reflects the emergence of China's new, much more assertive foreign policy posture. The AIIB opened for business in 2016 shortly after the signature of the Paris Agreement, with the pledge to be 'lean, clean and green'. Notably the United States (US) perceived the bank as a game-changer for established multilateral ...

Blokowanie od grudnia 2019 r. Organu Apelacyjnego przy Organie Rozstrzygania Sporów Światowej Organizacji Handlu (WTO) stwarza luki prawne w egzekwowaniu zasad handlu międzynarodowego. Aby je zlikwidować, Komisja Europejska zaproponowała rozszerzenie zakresu rozporządzenia (UE) nr 654/2014 dotyczącego wykonywania praw Unii w zakresie stosowania i egzekwowania zasad handlu międzynarodowego (dalej „rozporządzenie w sprawie egzekwowania przepisów”). Parlament Europejski na sesji plenarnej w styczniu ...

After a delayed response to the outbreak of the novel coronavirus in late 2019, China has expanded its sophisticated digital surveillance systems to the health sector, linking security and health. It has apparently successfully contained the virus, while most other countries still face an uphill battle with Covid-19. China emerged first from lockdown, and its economy rapidly entered a V-shaped recovery. As in 2008, China is driving the global recovery and will derive strategic gains from this role ...

Podczas pierwszej sesji listopadowej Parlament ma głosować nad wyrażeniem zgody na zawarcie umowy między UE a Chinami w sprawie współpracy w zakresie oznaczeń geograficznych i ochrony tych oznaczeń, tj. znaków odróżniających umieszczanych głównie na produktach rolno-spożywczych, które mają określoną jakość, reputację lub inne cechy charakterystyczne związane z ich szczególnym pochodzeniem geograficznym. Umowa ta dodaje nowy element do ram prawnych stosunków unijno–chińskich, które obecnie opierają ...