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On 30 November 2016, the European Commission presented a legislative proposal for a recast directive on the internal market for electricity, as part of a comprehensive legislative package entitled 'Clean Energy for all Europeans'. The proposed directive would oblige Member States to ensure a more competitive, customer-centred, flexible and non-discriminatory EU electricity market with market-based supply prices. It would strengthen existing customer rights, introduce new ones and provide a framework ...

Electricity production from renewable sources such as wind and solar energy is expanding rapidly in Europe and around the world. However, integrating these fluctuating sources into the grid is increasingly becoming a challenge for grid operators that need to match electricity supply with demand. Switching over to a new electricity market system where the demand would better adapt to the supply could be crucial for the success of the transition towards a low-carbon society.

This publication describes the current condition of the Russian economy, which has suffered recently from external shocks, such as a collapse in oil prices and Western sanctions. However, it argues that poor economic performance has more to do with long-term internal problems, including a lack of competitive markets, low levels of investment, an absence of innovation and excessive dependence on natural resources. Finally, it discusses President Putin's promises of economic reforms to tackle such ...

Russia and other energy-rich authoritarian states use their energy exports for economic gains but also as a tool of foreign policy leverage. This study looks at the ways and methods these states have used to exert political pressure through their energy supplies, and what it means for the European Union. Most energy-rich authoritarian states use their energy wealth to ensure regime survival. But, more than others, Russia uses its energy wealth as well to protect and promote its interests in its ‘ ...

Czysta energia oznacza energię, której produkcja i zużywanie powoduje minimalną emisję gazów cieplarnianych i innych zanieczyszczeń. Poziom emisji powiązanych z zużyciem energii można również obniżyć za pomocą środków poprawy energooszczędności służących zmniejszeniu zapotrzebowania na energię. Do osiągnięcia celów porozumienia klimatycznego z Paryża (utrzymanie wzrostu temperatury na świecie na poziomie znacznie poniżej 2°C w stosunku do poziomu sprzed epoki przemysłowej, docelowo ograniczenie do ...

Faced with uncertain energy demand, volatile prices and possible disruptions to supply, the European Union is pushing ahead with efforts to fully integrate its still-fragmented energy market. The aim is to boost economic growth, foster innovation, ensure stable supplies and protect the environment. The planned construction of the Energy Union is taking shape with the ongoing adoption of numerous policy proposals, such as those contained in the 'Clean Energy for All Europeans' package of 2016. Most ...

Ocena stanu unii energetycznej

Briefing 12-05-2017

Drugie sprawozdanie Komisji Europejskiej na temat stanu unii energetycznej, wydane w lutym 2017 r., przedstawia obraz znaczących postępów osiągniętych w ciągu zaledwie dwóch lat od wprowadzenia strategii na rzecz unii energetycznej. Komisja przyjęła już znaczną część nowych wniosków ustawodawczych. Większość z nich jest nadal rozpatrywanych przez Parlament i Radę, chociaż w niektórych przypadkach dokonano już uzgodnień międzyinstytucjonalnych. W roku 2017 w centrum uwagi znajdują się negocjacje zmierzające ...

Energy consumers in the EU

Briefing 27-04-2017

Consumers are considered a key element of EU energy legislation and the efforts to achieve a transition to a carbon-free society. Back in 2009, the third energy package, which sought to establish a liberalised internal energy market, granted energy consumers a number of rights, such as the right to an electricity connection, to switch energy providers and to receive clear offers, contracts and energy bills. However, some of these rights have not yet been put into practice: consumers often do not ...

ENERGY POLICY

Briefing 15-03-2017

This leaflet provides abstracts of selection of latest publications prepared by the European Parliament’s Policy Department on Economic and Scientific Policy at the request of the ITRE Committee in relation to the Energy policy.

Member States would have to collect statistics on the prices charged to industrial consumers and households for natural gas and electricity. Price data would be reported every six months for different consumption volumes, and cover energy prices, network charges, taxes and levies, and their sub-components. The proposed regulation would replace Directive 2008/92/EC that requires Member States to collect such statistics for industrial consumers. Data on gas and electricity prices for households are ...