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The UK was a European Union Member State from 1973 until 31 January 2020. For reasons of comparability and consistency, the historical data for the 'EU-27' in this infographic covers all current Member States, regardless of whether they were Member States at the time concerned.

This report reviews the existing scientific evidence regarding the mental health of different population groups amid the Covid 19 pandemic in the European Union (EU) and its influential factors. Since the beginning of the pandemic, there has been extensive research on the psychosocial and mental health consequences, showing negative effects especially in the general population compared to before. On the other hand, there is also evidence of resilient responses as the pandemic progressed – that is ...

This At a Glance note is the third in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It reviews the potential impacts of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement on the fishing opportunities aspects for the EU fishing industry in 2021 and 2025.

This At a Glance note is the second in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It provides a short overview of an analysis of the trade aspects of the EU-UK TCA relating to fisheries.

This study is the third in a series of three, commissioned for a PECH Committee Workshop. It reviews the potential impacts of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) on the fishing opportunities aspects for the EU fishing industry in 2021 and 2025. An EU-wide assessment is complemented with two case studies on the Netherlands and France. In 2021, the adjustments of fishing opportunities for biological reasons for certain stocks had more impacts than the quota transfers foreseen by the EU-UK ...

This study is the second research paper in a series of three, commissioned for a PECH Committee Workshop. It applied the MAGNET model to quantify the impact of the EU-UK TCA on fish related sectors. The results show negative impacts on trade, production and consumption of fisheries and aquaculture products for both parties. For the EU, the biggest losses are found in the fish processing sector. The overall impact is driven by increased trade costs whereas the impact of a reduced total allowable catches ...

From 2021 to 2025, the EU is gradually transferring part of its fishing quota shares to the UK, in line with the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA). In total, 55 shared stocks are concerned, and 60 % of the overall Brexit quota transfer occurred in 2021. This infographic illustrates the EU quota transfer that year for some of the most affected fish stocks. The quota transfer in 2021 for the selected stocks totals 62 211 tonnes, with an estimated overall value of €103 million.

This EPRS paper analyses the implementation of the UK Withdrawal Agreement in three areas identified by the EU as key to ensuring the UK's orderly exit from the Union: financial settlement, citizens' rights and the Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol. The citizens' rights provisions contained in Part Two of the Agreement are designed to protect the rights of both EU and UK citizens who had exercised free movement and made life choices based on the rights flowing from the UK's membership of the EU. ...

This At a Glance note is the first in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It provides a short overview of an analysis of the legal aspects of the EU-UK TCA relating to fisheries.

This study is the first research paper in a series of three, commissioned for a PECH Committee Workshop. It provides an analysis of the legal aspects of the EU-UK TCA relating to fisheries. The analysis covers, inter alia, the scope of the fisheries provisions, conservation and management, fishing opportunities, arrangements on access to waters, arrangements on governance (including provisions on remedial measures, dispute settlement, institutional arrangements, termination, review and relationship ...